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Slippery Elm. Ben Ferguson. Slippery Elm. Slippery Elm, Ulmus rubra Muhl ., is sometimes called red elm, gray elm, and soft elm. . Classification. Kingdom – Plantae (Plants) Subkingdom – Tracheobionta (Vascular plants) Superdivision – Spermatophyta (Seed plants) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Slippery Elm

Ben FergusonSlippery ElmSlippery Elm, Ulmus rubra Muhl., is sometimes called red elm, gray elm, and soft elm. Slippery ElmKingdom Plantae (Plants)Subkingdom Tracheobionta (Vascular plants)Superdivision Spermatophyta (Seed plants)Division Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)Class Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons)Subclass Hamamelididae Order UrticalesFamily Ulmaceae (Elm family)Genus Ulmus L. (Elm)Species Ulmus rubra Muhl. (Slippery elm)ClassificationSlippery Elms are medium-sized trees and grow moderately fast. It can reach up to 80 ft tall and has a crown that is broadly rounded or sometimes flat-topped. Shape, Form, Type

Figure 1The bark is reddish-brown to gray in color. The bark also has shallow furrows. The inner bark also becomes slippery when it is chewed. Bark

Figure 2The twigs are reddish-brown in color. They are stout with short, gray hairs. The leaf scars alternate and they are half-round with three bundle traces. Twig

Figure 3The buds of the slippery elm are nearly round with hairs that are rusty in color and they are in in diameter. Bud

Figure 4The leaves are simple and they alternate. They are oval to elliptic, are asymmetrical at the base and are pointed at the tip of the blade. They can get up to 7 in in length and are about half as wide. They are doubly toothed. The surface is green and rough with the bottom being smooth and hairy. The leafstalks are stout and hairy being in in length.Leaf

Figure 5The flowers grow together in drooping clusters. They appear before the leaves unfold and are greenish, have hair, and are small.Flower

Figure 6The fruit are circular and they are winged fruits that are up to of an inch in diameter. The only hair that appears, appears over the seed. There is only one wing per seed.Fruit

Figure 7Slippery elms can be found in Main, New York, southern Quebec and Ontario, Michigan, Minnesota, North and South Dakota, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Texas, Florida, and Georgia. Habitat and Range

Figure 8Slippery Elm can be used for medicinal purposes. It is also used for furniture and construction. Can also be used for firewood.Useshttp://articles.herballegacy.com/slippery-elm-iii-applications-of-slippery-elm/ Figure 1 Retrieved 6/24/10http://www.pureextracts.us/images/products/SLIPPERY_ELMBARK_4.jpg Figure 2 Retrieved 6/24/10 http://www.dnr.state.oh.us/Portals/18/trees/imagetrees/elm_slpry_twg_sm.jpg Figure 3 Retrieved 6/24/10http://www.forestryimages.org/images/768x512/0008492.jpg Figure 4 Retrieved 6/24/10 http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/image/u/ulru--lf11038.htm Figure 5 Retrieved 6/24/10http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/image/u/ulru--fl17959.htm Figure 6 Retrieved 6/24/10http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/species/ulru.htm#Fruit Figure 7 Retrieved 6/24/10http://na.fs.fed.us/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/ulmus/rubra.jpg Figure 8 Retrieved 6/24/10

References Imageshttp://articles.herballegacy.com/slippery-elm-iii-applications-of-slippery-elm/ Retrieved 6/24/10http://na.fs.fed.us/pubs/silvics_manual/volume_2/ulmus/rubra.htm Retrieved 6/24/10Mohlenbrock, R. H. Forest trees of illinois. Retrieved 6/24/10http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ULRU Retrieved 6/24/10

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