slave auction house slave pens in alexandria, va

Download Slave Auction House Slave Pens in Alexandria, VA

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Slide 2 Slide 3 Slave Auction House Slide 4 Slave Pens in Alexandria, VA Slide 5 Dealers Inspecting an African American at a Slave Auction in Virginia Harper's Weekly; February 16, 1861 Slide 6 Slave Auction in Virginia Slide 7 Receipt given Judge S. Williams of Eufaula by Eliza Wallace in payment of $500.00 for a man, Jan. 20, 1840. Slide 8 Picking Cotton Slide 9 Slaves preparing cotton for the cotton gin on a plantation near Beaufort, S.C., 1862 Slide 10 A Sugar Plantation in 1823 Slide 11 Slave Quarters, c. 1860 This slave quarter complex was located on a plantation near Bunkie, Louisiana. In the background is a large sugar house. Slide 12 Slide 13 Abraham Jones' Back Yard We had neither bedsteads, nor furniture of any description. Our beds were collections of straw and old rags, thrown down in the corners and boxed in with boards; a single blanket the only covering. Slide 14 Five Generations at the Smith Plantation The wind whistled and the rain and snow blew in through the cracks, and the damp earth soaked in the moisture till the floor was miry as a pig- sty. Slide 15 A Slave Cabin in Barbour County, near Eufala, Alabama Such were our houses. In these wretched hovels were we penned at night, and fed by day; here were the children born and the sick- - neglected. Slide 16 Muzzle used to prevent slave from eating or drinking too much. Slide 17 Slave Collar c. 1840 The sound of this belled collar made any slave wearing it easier to locate. Resourceful slaves silenced the bells by stuffing them with mud. Slide 18 Wilson Chin, a branded slave in chains with various torture devices Slide 19 Rev. Thomas Johnson, who spent 28 years as a slave, holding the type of whip and chains that were used on him during his captivity. Slide 20 Slide 21 For a slaves first runaway attempt, the slave would be punished most often with anywhere from 30 to 50 whip lashes. For a second, unsuccessful attempt of running away, the most common punishment of the slave would be detention for several days, during which time the slave was not allowed to work. The detention center would often be the plantation hospital, where the slaves legs were shackled between two beams of a bed. Slaves particularly dreaded this form of punishment, as it removed the slaves from any form of communication with their peers For slaves who were returned to their plantations after their third, fourth, or subsequent runaway attempt would face severe punishment, where whipping was just a beginning to the punishment techniques used against the slaves. Plantation owners would often give these slaves la chane, also known as lemptre, le collier, and/or le nabot, described below Slide 22 1. la chane, also known as lemptre were shackles of about three feet long, to which two rings either closed with a padlock or hinges were added. The lower area of the slaves legs were put in these shackles. The shackles were not heavy enough to prevent the slave from walking, but slowed the slave down immensely in his/her movement. If the slave master felt that the shackles were not heavy enough to impede the slaves movement, an additional weight would be added onto the chain. Slide 23 Le collier, also known as a slave collar, consisted of a flat iron circle containing three or four spikes, where each spike was the length of about four to five inches. The collar was fixed to the slaves neck with a padlock. The collar was a more stigmatized punishment than the iron shackles, as slaves felt more isolated from their peers once they began to wear the collar, and slave owners intended for the collar to be a sign of humiliation for the slave. For example, the collar inhibited female slaves from singing and dancing, two activities that they might have normally participated in as part of their social life