Six terms fundamental to a model of transcription

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Clarifies meanings of six natural language words or phrases in relation to their use in the formal model of transcription developed by Huitfeldt, Sperberg-McQueen, and Marcoux.

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  • Six terms fundamental to a model of transcription #KingsDH Paul Caton
  • Background The Huitfeldt Sperberg-McQueen Marcoux model of transcription
  • The core of the HSM model of transcription E-token-sequence T-token-sequence E-type-sequence T-type-sequence Exemplar document (E) Transcription document (T) instantiates instantiates act of transcription
  • The core of the HSM model of transcription E-token-sequence T-token-sequence E-type-sequence T-type-sequence Exemplar document (E) Transcription document (T) instantiates instantiates then T is a successful transcription of E if =
  • ( t1 : tokens(E)) (1 t2 : tokens(T)) (t2 = RET(t1)) ( t1 : tokens(T)) (1 t2 :tokens(E)) (t2 = RTE(t1)) ( t1 : tokens(E), t2 : tokens(T)) (t2 = RET(t1) t1 = RTE(t2) type(t1) = type(RET(t1))) Justification
  • Context "But documents, as we use the term, are physical objects like manuscripts, typescripts, carved stones, magnetic tapes, disk drives, CD-ROMs, or some portion of such an object. "By a document we understand an individual object containing marks. A mark is a perceptible feature of a document (normally something visible, e.g. a line in ink). "Any written document takes the form of physical marks which are tokens of particular types."
  • SURFACE MARK READING TOKEN-SEQUENCE EXEMPLAR DOCUMENT
  • Reference story ...
  • perceptible measurable results from natural processes or volitional acts exists independently (and so) can be returned to (and) changes to it are perceptible SURFACE
  • perceptible difference made to part of a SURFACE from activity of living organism either application of X to or alteration of intrinsic Y is perceptible and measurable by contrast MARK
  • READING is the process by which an agent attempts to discover and establish at least one TYPE-SEQUENCE in MARKS on a SURFACE by recognising at least one MARK to be a TOKEN
  • READING normatively: motivated performed by agent performed at least MARK by MARK has three possible result states negative ( certainty < 0 ) zero ( certainty = 0 ) positive ( certainty > 0 )
  • READING Transcription is always and only possible from a zero or positive result state. (This is why transcription and copy are not the same.)
  • TOKEN-SEQUENCE cannot be empty is neither right nor wrong
  • EXEMPLAR a role or status so, acquired not intrinsic and always relative to activity so, non-exclusive
  • DOCUMENT = SURFACE + TEXT each is unique
  • EXEMPLAR An act of transcription necessarily involves an EXEMPLAR, but does not necessarily involve a DOCUMENT
  • MARK SURFACE READING TOKEN-SEQUENCE (E) EXEMPLAR TEXT DOCUMENT AWARENESS OF WRITING intent to produceTOKEN-SEQUENCE (T)
  • transcription copy The sets of semantic elements that comprise the meanings of transcription and copy certainly intersect, but they are not identical and one does not subsume the other.
  • Sperberg-McQueen, C. M., Claus Huitfeldt, and Allen Renear (2001). Meaning and interpretation of markup. Markup Languages: Theory & Practice 2.3: 215234 Huitfeldt, Claus, and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (2008). What is transcription? Literary & Linguistic Computing 23.3: 295-310. Caton, Paul (2009). Lost in Transcription: Types, Tokens, and Modality in Document Representation. Paper given at Digital Humanities 2009 Sperberg-McQueen, C. M.. Claus Huitfeldt, and Yves Marcoux (2009). What is transcription? Part 2. Talk given at Digital Humanities 2009 Huitfeldt, Claus, Yves Marcoux, and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen (2010). Extension of the type/token distinction to document structure. Paper presented at Balisage: The Markup Conference 2010 Caton, Paul (2012). On the Term Text in Digital Humanities. Literary & Linguistic Computing. 28.2: 209-220. Caton, Paul (2013). Pure transcriptional encoding. Paper given at Digital Humanities 2013 Sperberg-McQueen, C. M., Yves Marcoux, and Claus Huitfeldt (2014). Transcriptional implicature: a contribution to markup semantics. Paper presented at Digital Humanities 2014, Lausanne, Switzerland. Relevant work
  • https://www.facebook.com/kcl.ddh #KingsDH Department of Digital Humanities Kings College London Slides available at: www.slideshare.net/PaulCaton/