Seventy-Eighth Critical Bibliography of the History and Philosophy of Science and of the History of Civilization (To December 1951)

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  • Seventy-Eighth Critical Bibliography of the History and Philosophy of Science and of theHistory of Civilization (To December 1951)Author(s): George Sarton and Frances SiegelSource: Isis, Vol. 43, No. 2 (Jul., 1952), pp. 128-208Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of The History of Science SocietyStable URL: .Accessed: 08/05/2014 21:17

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  • Seventy-eighth Critical Bibliography of the

    History and Philosophy of Science and of the History of Civilization

    (to December 195 I)

    The lastest Critical Bibliography to appear was the Seventy-seventh which was published in Isis 42, p. 309-95 (Febr. I952).

    This seventy-eighth bibliography contains about I300 items. They have been kindly con- tributed by the I2 following scholars:

    C. W. Adams (London) I. B. Cohen (Cambridge, Mass.) E. Farber (Washington, D. C.) Frans Jonckheere (Brussels) C. D. Leake (Galveston, Texas) W. D. Miles (Cambridge, Mass.) M. F. A. Montagu (Princeton, N. J.) J. Pelseneer (Brussels) E. Rosen (New York City) G. Sarton (Cambridge, Mass.) S. S. Wohl (New York City) C. Zirkle (Philadelphia)

    The purpose, method and classification of this bibliography were explained in volume 41, p. 29I-98, i950. The classification was devised to satisfy the needs of historians of science in gen- eral, rather than those of historians of particular sciences. For example, a student of the history of physiology will find only a few of the physio- logical items under the heading 36. Physiology. Studies devoted to definite physiologists would be found in the corresponding chronological sec- tions of Part I, and those devoted to, say, Hindu physiology in section 9. India, of Part II. It would not take him very long, however, to glance through the whole bibliography and mark with a pencil the items pertinent to his own investiga- tions. No method of classification can satisfy immediately every need, but we believe that ours is sufficiently clear to be of use to every scholar willing to take the few necessary pains.

    Warning- Offprints of articles are often re- ceived in this office which contain no indication of source (journal or volume) from which they were extracted, or date of publication. Such articles will no longer be listed in Isis, for it is better not to publish bibliographic notes than to publish incomplete ones.

    I entreat the authors of relevant books and papers to send me copies of them as promptly as possible in order that their studies may be

    registered in this bibliography and eventually reviewed and discussed. By so doing they will not simply help me and every other historian of science, but they will help themselves in the best manner.

    Most of the notes were selected by me. They were typed by Miss Frances Siegel.


    28 January I952 Widener Library I85 Cambridge 38, Mass.

    Part I

    Fundamental Classification Centurial

    6th CENTURY B.C.

    KRAMERS, R. P. K'ung Tzui Chia Yii, the school sayings of Confucius. Translation of sections i-iO with critical notes. 406 p. (Sinica Leidensia, 7). Leiden: Brill, 1950. Reviewed by W. Eberhard, Oriens 4, 142-45,

    '95I. OSWIECIMSKI, STEFAN. Thales, the ancient

    ideal of a scientist. Charisteria Thaddaeo Sinko quinquaginta abhinc annos amplissimis in philosophia honoribus ornato ab amicis collegis discipulis oblata, 229-53, Varsaviae '95I.

    5th CENTURY B.C.

    GRUBE, G. M. A. Antisthenes was no logician. Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 8i, I6-27, 1950.

    KEIL, HARRY. The louse in Greek antiquity, with comments on the diagnosis of the Athe- nian plague as recorded by Thucydides. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 25, 305-23,


    KRANZ, WALTHER. Empedokles, antike Ge- stalt und romantische Neuschoepfung. 392 P., 5 pls. Zurich: Artemis-Verlag, 1949.


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  • 5th Century B.C. - ist Century B.C. I29 LESKY, ERNA. Zur Lithiasis-Beschreibung in

    De aere aquis locis. Wiener Studien 63, 69-83, I948.

    SANTILLANA, GEORGE DE; PITTS, WAL- TER. Philolaos in Limbo, or: What happened to the Pythagoreans? Isis 42, I12-20, 1951.

    4th CENTURY B.C. - whole and first half

    CHERNISS, HAROLD. Plato as mathematician. Review of Metaphysics 4, 395-425, 195I.

    DE STRYCKER, EMILE. Trois points obscurs de terminologie mathematique chez Platon. Revue des itudes grecques 63, 43-57, 3 figs., 1950.

    MUGLER, CHARLES. Platon et la recherche mathematique de son epoque. xxviii?427 p. Strasbourg: Heitz, 1948.

    Introduction. I. Les fondements. 2. La similitude. 3. L'economie. 4. L'infini. 5. La methode. 6. L'in- terrogation du Menon. Conclusion. Index.

    SINCLAIR, T. A. Class distinction in medical practice: a piece of ancient evidence. Bulletin of the History of Medicine 25, 386-87, I951.

    Apropos of Plato's Laws (IV, 720, IX 857).

    XENOPHON. De l'art equestre. Texte et tra- duction avec une introduction et des notes par Edouard Delebecque. 195 p. (Annales de l'Universitt de Lyon, fac. x8.) Paris: SociUt6 d'Edition Les Belles Lettres, 1950. This new edition (with French translation) of

    De re equestri is largely deriv'ed from that of F. Ruehl (opera minora 2, 1912), but the editor had added many annotations concerning hippical facts. Xenophon was deeply interested in horses and re- ferred to them in most of his books, not only in the two chiefly devoted to cavalry (Hipparchos and Hippiche). Both books were written late in life. Delebecque has added an edition and translation of the only remaining chapter of a somewhat earlier Greek text on the same subject by Simon of Athens. The Greek horsemen used spurs, bits, bridles and a kind of saddle but no stirrups; their horses were not shod. The book ends with a bibliography of Greek hippology and a glossary. G. S.

    4th CENTURY B.C. - second halt

    [ARISTOTLE]. Aristotle's De anima in the version of William of Moerbeke and the com- mentary of St Thomas Aquinas. Translated by Kenelm Foster and Silvester Humphries. With an introduction by Ivo Thomas. 504 p. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1951. $6.50. The idea of publishing a new translation of De

    anima together with St Thomas' commentary is excellent. This has been done very well by a group of Dominican scholars, the Fathers Foster, Hum- phries, and Thomas. The text of De anima is trans- lated into English for the first time from the Latin version of the Flemish Dominican, Willem of Moerbeke (XIII-2), who made it from the Greet (revising an earlier translation from the Arabic) St Thomas completed his anti-Averroistic commen tary in I27I. It is curious to compare this version of the De anima with the one included in the Oxford

    English Aristotle by J. A. Smith (I931). Reference to the Greek text is facilitated by the Bekker pagina- tion. Elaborate index. G. S.

    BROWN, TRUESDELL S. Onesicritus: a study in Hellenistic historiography. viii+I96 p. (University of California Publications in His- tory, 39.) Berkeley: University of California Press, 1949.

    HAMBURGER, MAX. Morals and law. The growth of Aristotle's legal theory. xxii+i9i p. New Haven, Yale University Press, i95i. $3.75- Elaborate study the conclusion of which reads:

    "There is a perfect harmony between Aristotle's ethical, legal, and political theory-the theory of the right mean is the basis; philia, social sympathy, is the life force; equity, fairness, reasonableness, and humaneness the leitmotiv; and well-being, i.e., hu- man happiness and perfection, the supreme end."

    MOGENET, JOSEPH. Autolycus de Pitane. Histoire du texte suivie de l'&lition critique des trait6s de la sph6re en mouvement et des levers et couchers. 336 p. (Universit# de Louvain, Recueil de Travaux d'Histoire et de Philologie, fasc. 37.) Louvain: Biblioth6que de l'Universite, 1950. Reviewed by George Sarton, Isis 42, 147, 1951.

    STERNBACH, LUDWIK. Legal position of prostitutes according to Kautilya's Arthasastra. Journal of the American Orientai Society 7I, 25-60, I951.

    3rd CENTURY B.C. - whole and first half

    FRAJESE, ATTILIO. Sur la signification des postulats euclidiens. Archives internationales d'histoire des sciences 30, 383-92, I951.

    MEI, Y. P. (translator). Hsisn-tzu on terminol- ogy. Philosophy East and West z, 5I-66, I95I. Chinese text and English translation of Book 22

    on the correct use of terminology. G. S.

    2nd CENTURY B.C. -whole and first half

    MAUNY, RAYMOND. Autour d'un texte bien controverse: le "p6riple"