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  • NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

    Sediment Disasters and Mass Movement

    - Progress and application -

    Tai-Hoon Kim National Disaster Management Institute Ministry of Public Safety and Security

  • Contents

    Main goals of the theme Issuance of warning

    Identification of disasters Improvement of capacity

    ODA project in the Philippines Disseminating information

    Safety map Life friendly safety services

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Develop the Integrated Management Platform on sediment disasters Connecting with;

    Three perspectives

    Issuance of warning Improvement in capacity Optimization of disseminating information

    Main goals of the theme

    System

    Policies

    International cooperation

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • MPSS

    Main goals of the theme

    Adjustment of Workplan

  • MPSS and KOICA

    MPSS

    e.g. Attend Workshop of TC DRR

    Attend Workshop of TC DRR in May 2015

  • Issuance of warning

    Collect, review, and develop assessment tools Invent warning technologies based on adaptive

    concepts Generate risk map

    Guidance materials for implementation of risk management tools for identification, reduction, and evacuation

    Identify the disasters

    [Output] [Current]

    [Nationwide] [Local based] NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Identification of disasters

    Landslide in Mt. Umyeon (2011) Date: July 27, 2011 Casualties: 16 Cause: debris flow by heavy rainfall

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Identification of disasters

    A B

    Initiation zone Initiation zone

    Transportation zone

    Deposition zone

    Transportation zone

    Deposition zone

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Identification of disasters

    Debris

    Impacted residences

    Flowing path

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Identification of disasters

    Identification of landslides Satellite system Real-time Aerial Monitoring System Micro UAV system Terrestrial LiDAR system

    Micro UAV (MD4-1000)

    Terrestrial LiDAR system Real-time Aerial Monitoring System

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Identification of disasters

    Acquiring information

    Radarsat-1 (Pre-disaster)

    Radarsat-1 (Post-disaster)

    Landslide path through the flight path

    High resolution DEM by terrestrial LiDAR

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Identification of disasters

    Analyzing information

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Identification of disasters

    Producing hazard

    How can we

    increase capacity?

    NEXT!

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Improvement of capacity

    Attend seminars Share & bring technologies to other countries Cooperate other int. organizations

    Workshop & ODA projects Implement NDMIs ODA projects

    [Output] [Current]

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • ODA project in the Philippines

    Based on Phases

    1 2 3 4 5 6

    ARWS: Automatic Rainfall Warning System FFAS: Flash Flood Alert System

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • ODA project in the Philippines

    Applied systems Designed to forecast the occurrence of flash flood

    in advance by real-time monitoring

    Expected outcomes

    Provides information on sudden local torrential rain and subsequent disasters

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • ODA project in the Philippines

    Results Flash Flood Alert System (FFAS)

    Puntod Kauswagan bridge

    Maharlika bridge

    Gov. Ysalina bridge

    Golden Mile bridge

    Macasandig

    Cala-Cala Rd

    Villa angela Plaza

    Pelaez bridge

    Site 1 Site 2

    Site 3

    Site 4

    Site 5

    Site 6

    Site 7

    Site 8

    Cross-section Survey (Total 8 sites) Flooding Map

    FFAWs Main Screen

    Warning criteria

    - Critical: over 70 %

    - Warning: 50-70 %

    - Normal: less 50 %

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • ODA project in the Philippines

    Results Automatic Rainfall Warning System (ARWS)

    13 Results

    14 Results

    Puntod-Kauswagan Bridge Water level gauge

    City Hall Warning station

    City Hall Intelligence CCTV

    Pelaez Bridge Rain gauge

    Balulang Barangay Hall Warning station

    Maasin Bridge Rain gauge

    [Flooding map]

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Disseminating information

    Distribute related information

    Standard Operation plans to public and media

    Launch the safety map Promote safety services

    [Output] [Current]

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Safety map

    Past (Brilliant work by John Snow, 1854)

    John Snow NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Safety map

    Current

    Crimemapping.com (US) Community Map for Flood Disaster Reduction (Kor)

    Map, Solution for Understanding Social Problems Easy, Simple and Powerful!!

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Safety map

    Making the Safety map

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Safety map

    DBs and display

    ...

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Safety map

    Device-driven map service

    www.safemap.go.kr

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Promote safety services

    Life friendly safety services

    Many unexpected disasters

    Increase the possibility of survival

    Intuitive actions for rapid evacuation from disasters

    Simulation of real disaster situation

    Generate intuitive guidelines

    Expectations

    Satisfaction

    Reality

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Note Smoke detection Heat detection

    Time (sec.) 29.1 100.7

    Temp. (deg.) 26.8 85.0

    Promote safety services

    Examples Fire detection

    1 10

    Underground evacuation

    Flow vel. : side < center Threshold of WD to rapid evacuation: knee Threshold of WD to opening the door:

    40 cm

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • Promote safety services

    Media Promotions

    NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

  • NATIONAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE

    Thank you for your attention!

    Sediment Disasters and Mass Movement- Progress and application -ContentsMain goals of the themeMain goals of the themeSlide Number 5Issuance of warningIdentification of disastersIdentification of disastersIdentification of disastersIdentification of disastersIdentification of disastersIdentification of disastersIdentification of disastersImprovement of capacityODA project in the PhilippinesODA project in the PhilippinesODA project in the PhilippinesODA project in the PhilippinesDisseminating information Safety map Safety map Safety map Safety map Safety map Promote safety servicesPromote safety servicesPromote safety servicesThank you for your attention!

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