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  • Screening Diverse Fig Cultivars for Commercial

    Potential

    Ed Stover-Curator/Research Leaderewstover@ucdavis.edu

    Carlos Crisosto, Malli Aradhya, Louise Ferguson

  • NCGR Missions:AcquireMaintain

    Characterizeand Distribute

    Plant Genetic Diversity

  • Our Ficus Collection pre 200578 named fruit cultivars,

    mainly European origin, but also US

    44 regional selections 28 caprifigs40 breeders selections, mainly UC

    Riverside (Condit & Storey)5 species / interspecific hybrids, most

    Ficus species in Miami

  • Italian 88HacinChater GreenItalian 395Grise de ProvanceCharles AllenItalian 372Green PanacheeCaloia (Los Angeles)Italian 358Green Italian 06BourisotteItalian 320Green German 1920BosnatItalian 281GazirBlue GiantItalian 258Frickmann Long YellowBlack JackItalian 256Figue DorBig White (Moore)Italian 253Encanto Brown TurkeyBianchi (Polenski)Italian 215EncantoBenaski AdriaticItalian 169Drap DOrBeers BlackIgoDouble HeaderBecaneHurricaneDokkarBaradaHearty ChicagoDawalkiAsisiHarvey AdriaticDark No. 1 PortugeseAlgerian (Watts)NameNameNamePage 1New Figs received by NCGR 2005-06

  • StandfordNegro Largo

    Spanish AmberNegra (Watts)SierraMonaco

    Yougo #7Sal'sMahoYede VernRouge de BordeauxLSU Purple

    White RussianRoscoffLSU Gold

    White OCRenan's StrawberryLong Yellow (Furtado)Vista Red ItalianLong Yellow

    Violette SeporPortuguese WhiteLemon

    VioletaOregon Little RedLattarula

    Vina #4NSA #1Kop Fiomi

    VerdaleNero CesarJurupaNameNameName

    Page 2New Figs received by NCGR 2005-06

    Some likely already in collection under other names!

  • MaraboutPersCapri1

    VerninoDeanna

    DiredoConadria1Conadria2

    CapriARoeding3

    PersCapriUcr291 4

    GulbunSelArchipel

    Roeding2Aked

    ExcelKarayaprak

    StanfordMaslinEdible

    BournabatTenaCapriX

    PastilierePanachee

    PersCapri2MaryLaneDFIC0023AOsbornProlific

    SnowdenZidi

    YellowNechesSantaCruzLigh

    SantaCruzWhitGenoaGenoaWhite

    GiantAmberSantaCruzDark

    FlandersCeleste

    BlanquetteAdriatic

    CapriWCapriQ

    BarnissotteIschiaBlack

    Ucr291IschiaWhiteNativeDe

    CalvertVerte

    VioletteDeAlma

    MissionSanPietro

    BrunswickRattlesnake

    CapitolaLongDauphinePiedDeBoeuf

    StJeanMilco

    Kadota1Trojano

    KingKadota2

    BrownTurkeyColDeDame

    VerdalLongueBeall

    MonstrueuseIschiaGreen

    BlackMadeiraUcr278128

    SpPumila1 change

    Group 1

    Group 2

    Group 3

    Group 4

    Group 5

    Group 6

    Group 7

    Clu

    ster

    1C

    lust

    er 1

    Clu

    ster

    2C

    lust

    er 2

    Genetic relationships among the 74 fig accessionsusing Nei and Li distance relationship, Clusters by UPGMA

    Use of DNA fingerprints in figs:

    Identify misnamed varieties

    Determine genetic diversity in collection

    Initial effort identified 2 main clusters and 7 groups

    All 4 San Pedro types in Group 6!?

    >122 done now, will fingerprint entire collection this year

  • 4 leaves > 6" long103 leaves > 6" long92 leaves > 6" long8largest leaves 6" long7largest leaves 4" long6largest leaves 2" long5multiple leaves apparent41st leaves apparent3some swelling and bract separation2some swelling no bract separation1buds show no swelling or bract separation0

    Rate of Shoot Development in Fig Cultivars

  • 101010109785.55K6-510109.59.58.58865Orphan101010988755Marabout-c (Gulbun?)101010987655Kadota109.58.58.586643.5135-15s

    109.59976.5643.5Adriatic

    10109.59.586.564.53Panachee

    10109.59.58.56.5652.5UCR 276-14

    1010897.56542.5White TX Everbearing

    109.59.510976.54.52152-4s

    10109.5108663.51.5UCR291

    98ndndndndndndndKing

    97766.55531Golden Celeste

    101010107.56.5640.5Marabout

    9.5988.5765.54.50.5Brown Turkey

    10109.59865.530Zidi109997.55.553.50Violette de Bordeaux987765530Mission

    1098.58.5854.530Calimyrna1098.587.54.542.50Snowden

    4.29.054.22.054.15.054.8.054.1.053.25.053.18.053.11.053.4.05

    Rate of Shoot Development in Fig Cultivars

  • > note that brebas have been caprified

    .030.2512.5UCR291

    .060.2525K6-5

    .020.3755.5St. Jean

    .190.7525Violette de Bordeaux

    .150.87517.5UCR 276-14

    .350.87540Brown Turkey

    .25125Kadota

    .25125Mission

    .48147.5Orphan

    .791.552.5Dauphine

    .962.12545135-15s

    .252.510Marabout-c B (Gulbun?)1.72.7562.5White Texas Everbearing7.67.625100Kingscoreper branchwith BrebasCultivarBrebaBrebas% Branches

    2005 Fig Characterization: Brebas

  • 4.103318.6amberYG w/ yellowWhite TX

    7.8604126.7amberGreen/ purpleSt. Jean

    6.62010625.5whiteYG w/ yellowOrphan

    4.1404320.7dark redBlackMission

    0.5205717.4amberYG w/ yellowMarabout C.

    5.505715pinkYG w/ greenKing

    3.4407315.9amberYG w/ greenK6-5

    3.409021.3amberGreen/ purpleDauphine

    6.59012317.1amberGreen/ purpleBrown Turkey

    4.405816.5amberGreen/yellow135-155

    cavity diam(mm)

    crack (%)

    fruit wt (g)brixInternal colorexternal colorCultivar

    Breba Quality

  • King or Desert King, the breba king (but these are main crop)!

  • 00Marabout-c A (purple)DFIC00300VerteDFIC02600ZidiDFIC03600SnowdenDFIC08700PanacheeDFIC00200Osborne ProlificDFIC07500MaraboutDFIC05100Hative De ArgentileDFIC08600Golden CelesteDFIC16100Col De DameDFIC07400CalimyrnaDFIC05700AdriaticDFIC03200152-4sDFIC060

    per branchw/ BrebasBrebas% Branches

    2005 Fig Characterization: Brebas

  • 1071075Brown Turkey971580Genoa White982385Celeste5543100Archipel7613107Armenian8512110Ucr 278-1288623110Violette De Bordeaux9613128Pied De Boeuf8518130Excel7617175Giant Amber

    9618195Santa Cruz Dark10623200Orphan12828350Yellow Neches

    fruiting wood (in)per branchfruit ripeper treecultivarLength / branchNo. fruitPercentNo. ripe

    >4 typical branches per tree8.5.05Eary Maturity in Entire Fig Collection

  • Yellow Neches= earliest bearing for main crop, and most fruit/tree. HOWEVER, small

  • 3=poor persistence2=reasonably persistent1=clearly persistent

    12622Marabout-c (Gulbun)12428Kadota1106Mission11824Verte11514UCR 276-14

    smaller in bag?11613Panachee11919Osborne Prolific11413Orphan11116King11814Brown Turkey

    NotesRating*CaprifiedNot CaprifiedNumber of Fruit / 2 Branch

    2005 Fig Characterization: Persistence, bagged 5/23/05, assessed 8/18/05

  • 3=poor persistence2=reasonably persistent1=clearly persistent

    much smaller in bag3263Snowden371Marabout3101Col De Dame

    much smaller in bag3132Calimyrnasome fully develop2.564Zidimuch smaller in bag2.5145Golden Celeste

    2.560152-4s274UCR291

    inconsistent296135-15s1.52316White TX Everbearing1.52322Violette de Bordeaux1.52319St. Jean1.5116K6-51.51410Adriatic

    NotesRating*CaprifiedNot CaprifiedNumber of Fruit / 2 Branch

    2005 Fig Characterization: Persistence

  • 0.3723.281.729.041.17Tree Ripe0.6519.250.020.822.99CommercialAdriatic0.2822.267.037.821.53Tree Ripe0.6217.220.540.71.66CommercialKadota0.3320.3368.649.492.29Tree Ripe0.4315.646.342.945.27CommercialCalimyrna0.3324.4550.041.822.23Tree Ripe0.6218.251.035.464.35CommercialWhite TX Everbear0.292189.840.671.76Tree Ripe0.4415.581.037.533.65CommercialMarabout-c Gulbun?0.3119.577.550.721.55Tree Ripe0.5916.385.347.363.28CommercialUCR 291 0.3316.9340.345.072.16Tree Ripe0.5414.749.336.073.35CommercialK6-50.424.268.341.921.83Tree Ripe0.6317.244.839.184.39Commercial135-15s

    TA(%)SSC (%)

    Color (%)Frt wt (g)

    Firm (lb)MaturityCultivar

    Fruit Quality: Main Crop

  • -38.030.918.57.7-51.8% increase tree ripe

    0.321.372.638.91.8mean tree ripe

    0.616.361.236.13.8mean commercial

    0.312396.029.571.8Tree Ripe0.5216.891.528.023.49CommercialMission0.2915.685.056.681.58Tree Ripe0.3813.686.850.392.75CommercialBrown Turkey0.2122.280.049.02Tree Ripe0.4616.684.547.363.79CommercialMarabout0.291868.839.972.12Tree Ripe0.5414.133.335.195.56CommercialDauphine0.42499.557.812.12Tree Ripe0.6217.295.559.014.2CommercialZidi

    TA(%)SSC (%)Color (%)Frt wt (g)Firm (lb)MaturityCultivar

    Fruit Quality: Main Crop

  • 72438Tree Ripe

    201070Commercial+3 days 20C

    01655Tree Ripe

    5575Commercial+2 days 20C

    9213067Tree Ripe

    1200090Commercial7 days at 0C

    Brown Turkey

    (%)(%)(%)(%)(%)stageBlemishCrackingOff colorDecaySoundMaturity

    Cultivar/Time

    Fruit Quality after Storage

  • 294350Tree Ripe

    19073Commercial+3 days 20C

    21050Tree Ripe

    6087Commercial+2 days 20C

    34035028Tree Ripe

    31016063Commercial7 days at 0C

    Panachee

    (%)(%)(%)(%)(%)stageBlemishCrackingOff colorDecaySoundMaturity

    Cultivar/Time

    Fruit Quality after Storage

  • 73644Tree Ripe

    20060Commercial+3 days 20C

    01654Tree Ripe

    5071Commercial+2 days 20C

    8108085Tree Ripe

    16130090Commercial7 days at 0C

    Zidi

    (%)(%)(%)(%)(%)stageBlemishCrackingOff colorDecaySoundMaturity

    Cultivar/Time

    Fruit Quality after Storage

  • 842117227Violette de Bordeaux

    2975121261Calimyrna6477122312Marabout6186127287Snowden1963152352Conadria74116174284Ischia Black4192189426Brown Turkey58108190370Mission

    100154215585Blanquette87160222402Bournabat90133224534Panachee86158241411Zidi42110309729UCR 276-1453169350805152-4s61175405920UCR291

    # ripe 9.30+# ripe 9.22+# ripe 9.14+# ripe 9.7+

    2005 Fig Late Season Ripeness

  • 3.4 browntanK6-53.4 carameltan to brownCalimyrna3.6 brownbrown to dark speckledGolden Celeste3.7 reddish brownmottled tan to dark brownAdriatic3.7 dark brownblackMission3.9 brow

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