science fiction/fantasy’s sub-genres:. utopian literature  literally translated means “no...

Download Science Fiction/Fantasy’s Sub-genres:. Utopian Literature  Literally translated means “no place” and “good place”  Definition: A place/state/world that

Post on 30-Dec-2015




0 download

Embed Size (px)


Slide 1

Utopian & Dystopian LiteratureScience Fiction/Fantasys Sub-genres:Utopian LiteratureLiterally translated means no place and good place

Definition: A place/state/world that is ideally perfect

Coined by Sir Thomas MoreCharacteristics:equality for allsocial harmonyeconomic prosperitypolitical stabilityprescriptiveTypes of UtopiasThe paradiseThe externally altered worldThe willed transformationThe technological transformation

None of these are mutually exclusive.Peach Blossom Spring

4Peach Blossom SpringWhy can this short story be considered a utopia?Identify some characteristics of the genre.What is the authors opinion of perfection?Which type of utopia is described?

EcotopiaWhy does Weston struggle to deal with the citizens of Ecotopia?What do you make of the interaction between Weston and the military man at the bottom of page 218?Why is citizen pride so important to society?Why does one group of skiers wear ragged clothing, carry homemade backpacks, and old fashioned skis?Would you be interested in living in Ecotopia? Why?

On a piece of paper, respond to the following statements:Define perfect in your own words.Describe your perfect world in detail.Consider the government and laws in your societyHow does the government maintain order, if there is any order in your society?Consider human interactions what are they like?Is your world attainable? How?

These responses should be roughly 1 handwritten page long and are due tomorrow.The Line Between Utopia & DystopiaThin line between utopia and dystopiaDependent on perspectiveIronyBoth display extremesDystopian LiteratureLiterally translated as not good place

Definition: A place/state/world that appears perfect, but in reality is oppressive and controlling

Cointed by John Stewart Mill

Dystopian Characteristicsuse propagandaindependent thought and freedom are restrictedconformity is expectednature is fearedone person/thing is worshippedsocial castessurveillance and paranoiaillusion of a utopia

Dystopian Characteristics againDystopian ControlsDystopian Protagonistcorporate controlbureaucratic controltechnological controlphilosophical/religious controloutsiderquestions social and political norms and systemsallows audience to see flaws through his/her perspective4 Types of DystopiasThe hellThe externally altered worldThe willed transformationThe technological transformation

Pop-Culture Dystopias1984 by George OrwellAnimal Farm by George OrwellThe Time Machine by H. G. WellsThe Handmaids Tale by Margaret AtwoodA Clockwork Orange by Anthony BurgessThe Stepford WivesPlanet of the ApesThe MatrixTerminatorI, RobotRoboCopThe Walking Dead