Science B 62 Mind, Brain, Behavior 1 The An Introduction ... B‐62 / Mind, Brain ... An Introduction to Mind, Brain, and Behavior ... The main academic discipline that studies the human mind is psychology, but ...

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    ScienceB62/Mind,Brain,&Behavior1TheHumanMind:AnIntroductiontoMind,Brain,andBehavior

    CatalogNumber3167Spring2008

    HarvardUniversityInstructor:StevenPinkerJohnstoneFamilyProfessorDepartmentofPsychologyWilliamJamesHall970x50831pinker@wjh.harvard.eduhttp://pinker.wjh.harvard.eduOfficeHours:Tuesday34PM,andbyappointment.Lectures:Tuesday&Thursday1:303,ScienceCenterB.WebSites:Coursewebsite:http://www.courses.fas.harvard.edu/~scib62Thissitewillcontaintheclasshandouts,copiesofthelectureslides,assignments,informationaboutsectionsandexams,andlinkstorelevantsites.Textbookwebsite:http://www.worthpublishers.com/grayHeadTeachingFellow:RebeccaSutherland301LarsenHallx53945sutherre@gse.harvard.eduAdministrativeAssistant:KatherineChanWilliamJamesHall967x50873kgchan@fas.harvard.eduSections:Oneonehourdiscussionsection.SectionswillbeassignedbyFebruary10.ThesectionswillfirstmeettheweekofFebruary11.

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    Texts:Psychology,FifthEdition.ByPeterGray.AvailableattheCoopandwww.redlinetextbooks.com.Required.Pleasenotethatthecurrenteditionofthetextbookisnotthesameastheeditionusedinthiscourseinpreviousyears.Youmustobtainacopyofthefiftheditionofthetextbook.HowtheMindWorksbyStevenPinker.NewYork:W.W.Norton,1997.Muchofthelecturematerialthatisnotinthetextbookmaybefoundhere.Itisthereforerecommended.AvailableattheCoopandmostbookstores.Afewadditionalreadingswillbeputonthecoursewebsite.LibrarySystemsConsultant:LibrariansfromtheHarvardCollegeLibrarySystemarefamiliarwiththecourserequirementsandwillintroduceyoutothelibraryresourcesthatwillhelpyouwithassignments.ThecourseliaisonisSusanGilroy(sgilroy@fas.harvard.edu).RequirementsandGrading:Writtenassignments,40%: 10%:4onepageminipapers. 15%paper,firstdraft. 15%paper,finaldraft.Midtermexam,inclassduringthe7thweek(March13),15%Finalexam,examperiod,35%Sectionparticipation,10%Gradesforeachpartareassignedona100pointscaleinwhichA=90100,B=8089,C=7079,D=6069;F

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    Remarks:Thesciencesofthehumanmindcoveravastterritory,fromthegillwithdrawalreflexoftheseaslugtothethoughtprocessesthatmakepeoplefightwars.Themainacademicdisciplinethatstudiesthehumanmindispsychology,butinsightsaboutthemindcancomefromfieldsrangingfrommolecularbiologytoliterarycriticism.Thiscoursefocusesonthescientificstudyofthemind,thatis,onresearchthataimstoexplainthegreatestnumberoffactswiththefewestnumberofassumptions,thatformulateshypotheseswhicharefalsifiablebyempiricaltests,andthatconnectsitsfindingstoothersciences,particularlybiology.Atthesametime,thecoursewilltouchonthesocialsciences,becausesocialphenomenaarisewhenindividualpeopleperceiveandreacttooneanother.Anditwilltouchontheartsandhumanities,becauseworksofartandscholarshipareproductsofthehumanmind.Thecoursewillexposeyoutofourstreamsofinformation.ThePsychologytextbookpresentsthesmorgasbordknownaspsychologyinallitswondrousvariety.Mylecturestrytoweavethismaterialintoacoherentstory,basedonthesynthesesIhavefashionedinmybooksTheLanguageInstinct,HowtheMindWorks,andTheBlankSlate.Thereadingsforyourpaperswillintroduceyoutocompetingviewpointsandtheprimaryscientificliterature.Lectures:Youmustattendallthelectures;asarulelectureswillnotbevideotaped.Anythingmentionedinalecturemaybeontheexams,includingmaterialthatisnotinanyofthereadings.Ifyoumissalecture,itisyourresponsibilitytofindoutwhatwascovered.Allthelectureshavehandouts.Theyareintendedtospareyoufromhavingtowritedowneverydiagramandtermmentionedinthelecture;theyarenotasubstituteforattendingthelectureandtakingnotes.Sections:Alsorequired.Themainpurposeofthesectionisdiscussionofthetopicsintheprecedingweekslectureandreadings.Sectionsgiveyoutheopportunitytoclarifyyourunderstandingofconceptsandtermsintroducedinthelecturesandreadings,askquestionsandarguetheissuesmanyarecontroversial,andyouwillnodoubthaveopinionsonthem.Tofacilitatetheweeklydiscussionsandtoprovidearegularfeedbackmechanismaboutyourmasteryofthecoursematerial,shortquizzeswillbegivenatthebeginningofeachsectionmeeting.Tenpercentofyourgradewillcomefromsectionparticipation,includingcompletionanddiscussionofthequizquestions(whichwillnotthemselvesbegraded).Inaddition,yourTeachingFellowwillgetto

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    knowyouinthesections,willbeyourmaincontactwiththesubject,andwillinfluenceyourfinalgradeandotherdecisions.Textbook:AnymaterialintheassignedpassagesfromtheGraytextbookmaybequizzedinthemidtermorfinal.Readtheassignedchapterseveryweek,preferablybeforeyoursection;donttrytosavethemallfortheweekbeforetheexam.Itwillbemorefun,andyoullremembermore.Examquestionswillcovermajorideas,majorfindings,andmajorthinkers:wewontnitpick,forexample,aboutthenamesofthepeoplewhodidparticularexperiments.Backupreadings:ThepassagesfromHowtheMindWorksareabackuptothelectures,andwilloverlapwiththem,thoughnotperfectly.Theyarenotasubstituteforthelectures.Manysectionsoftherecommendedchapterswillnotbecoveredinthelectures(orexams),andyouwontknowwhattheyareifyouhaventbeentothelectures.Andmanypartsofthelectureswillnotbeinanyofthereadings.Thereadingswillclarifymajorpartsofthelectures;youarenotresponsibleforanymaterialinthemthatwasnotmentionedinthelectures.Papers:Fortypercentofyourgradewillbedeterminedbywrittenassignments.Theprimarypaper,aboutfifteenpagesforthefinaldraft,willrequireyoutoresearchsometopicingreaterdepththanyouwillfindinthereadings.Theseassignmentshaveanumberofgoals.Researchonthehumanmindcanbeintenselycontroversial.Ihaveopinionsonmanyofthesecontroversies,whicharereflectedinthelecturesandtheselectionofreadings.Theassignmentpresentsyouwithanopportunitytoexplorecontrastingopinions.Inaddition,theassignmentwillforceyoutoimmerseyourselfinanempiricalliteratureonatopicandtoreadarticlesintheprimaryscientificliterature.Becauserevisingisessentialtotheprocessofwriting,youwillbeaskedtorewriteandresubmityourpapertakingintoaccountyourTFsfeedback.Thefirstandfinaldraftswillbegradedindependentlyandgivenequalweight.Youwillalsobeaskedtosubmitfourshortassignmentsduringthesemester.Theyincluderequestsforyoutothinkaboutsomeissue,previewsofyourmajorpaper,andreportsofparticipationinpsychologydepartmentexperiments.Servingasaparticipantisanexcellentwaytogetafeelforwhatresearchonthehumanmindactuallyconsistsof,andtolearnaboutareasofongoingresearchthatarenotcoveredinthelecturesortextbook.Youwillreceivedetailedguidelinesaboutthewritingassignments,beginninginthesecondweekofclass.

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    Anoteaboutplagiarism:Thiscourseadherestotheuniversitysstandardsregardingplagiarism.Withoutexception,discoveryofplagiarizedtextwillresultinagradeofzerofortheassignmentinquestion,and,asisrequiredbytheuniversity,aformalreporttotheAdministrativeBoardofHarvardCollege.Furtherpenaltiesmayapplyattheinstructorsdiscretion.Studentsareresponsibleforknowingwhatconstitutesplagiarism;pleaserefertopp.1011inWritingwithinternetsources:AguideforHarvardstudentsforadetaileddescriptionofthedifferenttypesofplagiarism.Latepaperpolicy:Miniassignmentsthatarelatewillgetagradeofzero.Papersthatarelatewillbesubjecttoalatepenaltyoftenpercentagepoints(aboutalettergrade)perday.Alittlearithmeticwillshowthatgettingazeroforaminiassignment,orlosingpointsforapaper,willhaveagoodchanceofloweringyourlettergradeforthecourseasawhole.Thelatepenaltywillbewaivedonlyincasesofsickness,inescapableconflicts,orotheremergencies,andonlywithaletterfromyourHouseMasterorSeniorTutoror,inthecaseoffreshmen,AssistantDeanofFreshmen.Studentsintendingtowriteathesisshouldplanaheadtoavoiddeadlineconflicts;thiscoursehasnotallowedassignmentdeadlinestobemovedinordertoaccommodatethesisdeadlines.AssistanceinWriting:Harvardhasanumberofsourcesofsupportforassistanceinwriting.Weencourageyoutousethem,especiallyifyourfirstassignmentshowsthatyoucouldusethehelp.Exams:Bothexamsareclosedbook.Themidtermwillcoverthefirstpartofthecourse.Itwillbegivenduringaclassperiodandwilllastaboutanhourandaquarter.Thefinalexamwillcovertheentirecourse.Itwillbegivenduringtheexamperiodandwilllastthreehours.Bothexamswillhaveamixtureofmultiplechoice,shortanswer,andshortessayquestions.

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    Schedule:LecturesandReadings(Gray=Psychology;HTMW=HowtheMindWorks.Thereadingsarekeyedtothelectures.Whenpagenumbersaregiven,beginreadingatthemajorsectionheadingontheindicatedpage.)Thursday,January31:IntroductiontothehumanmindandtoTheHumanMind.Makingthefamiliarseemstrange.Reverseengineeringthepsyche.Examplesofremarkablefeatsofthehumanmind:seeing,thinking,moving,emotionsaboutthings,emotionsaboutpeople.(HTMW:Chapter1,pp.321.)Tuesday,February5&Thursday,February7:MajorApproaches.Psychoanalysis(Freud);Behaviorism(Skinner).Componentsofthemodernapproach:Cognition;computation;neuroscience;evolution.Gray:Chapter1;Chapter2;Chapter15,pp.558563;Chapter3,pp.159162;Chapter17,pp.632637,649653;Chapter4,pp.91117,124131.(HTMW:Chapter1,pp.2144;2,pp.5969.)*FirstminiassignmentwillbehandedoutonThursday.Tuesday,February12:Evolution.Wherelifeandmindcomefrom.Adaptationsandbyproducts.TheEnvironmentofEvolutionaryAdaptedness.Gray:Chapter3,pp.4967,8789(ConcludingThoughts).(HTMW:Chapter3,pp.149164,186190.)*Instructionsforsecondandfourthminiassignmentswillbehandedout.Thursday,February14:Nature&nurture.Howgenesdoanddontshapebehavior.Phonydichotomiesinnatureandnurture.Ethicalandpoliticalcontroversiessurroundingnatureandnurture:race,sex,&classinequality;perfectability&socialchange;determinism&responsibility;nihilism&meaning.Gray:SameasFebruary12;alsochapter10,pp.372381.(HTMW:Chapter1pp.4456.)(StudentsinterestedinthesetopicsarealsoencouragedtoreadChapters611inmybookTheBlankSlate,publishedinpaperbackin2003.)*FIRSTMINIASSIGNMENTDUE.Tuesday,February19&Thursday,February21:TheBrain.Themajorpartsofthebrainandwhattheyarefor.Neurons,neuralcircuits,andelementaryinformationprocessing.Gray:Chapter5;Chapter8pp.263278,286289.

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    (HTMWchapter2pp.98111.)*Instructionsforthirdminiassignmentwillbehandedout.Tuesday,February26&Thursday,February28:Perception:Visualsceneanalysis,objectrecognition,auditorysceneanalysis,depthperception,stereovision,stereograms.Gray:Chapter8,pp.280286,292301;Chapter7,pp.245254.(HTMW:chapter4,pp.211233,266284.)

    Tuesday,March4&Thursday,March6:CognitiveProcesses.Attention,memory,mentalrepresentation,consciousness.Gray:Chapter8,pp.278280;Chapter9;Chapter6,pp.202203.(HTMW:Chapter2pp.8493,131148.)Instructionsforfirstmajorpaperandpaperpreview.*SECONDMINIASSIGNMENTDUETUESDAY,MARCH4.Tuesday,March11:MidtermReviewSession*THIRDMINIASSIGNMENT(PAPERPREVIEW)DUE.Thursday,March13:MID-TERM EXAM TuesdayMarch18:Concepts&Reasoning.Concepts,categories,&stereotypes.Deductiveandprobabilisticreasoning.Gray:Chapter10,pp.345351.(HTMW:Chapter2,pp.126129;Chapter5,pp.306312,343351.)Thursday,March20:Language.Universalityoflanguage;languageandthought;componentsoflanguage;howlanguageworks.Gray:Chapter11,pp.406421.S.Pinker,TheLanguageInstinct,chaps.2&4(oncoursewebsite).Tuesday,March25,andThursday,March27:Springbreak;noclass.Tuesday,April1:Development.Maturation&cognitivedevelopment.Piaget.Domainspecificity.TheoryofMind.Gray:Chapter11,pp.383405.(HTMW5,pp.314333.)Thursday,April3:Emotions:theory&background.Functionofemotions.DarwinsExpressionofEmotions.Ekman&universalexpressions.Emotionsaboutthephysicalworld:fear,disgustandhappiness.

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    Gray:Chapter3,pp.6875;Chapter4,pp.124128;Chapter6,pp.219222.(HTMW:Chapter6,pp.363374;378389.)*FIRSTDRAFTOFPAPERDUE.Tuesday,April8:Socialemotions:Sympathy,gratitude,anger,guilt,trust,shame,passion;reciprocalaltruism;PrisonersDilemma;UltimatumGame.Gray:Chapter8,p.86;Chapter14,pp.522527,530535.(HTMW:Chapter6,pp.396416.)Thursday,April10:Kin&socialization.Kinselection,parents&offspring,relationshipspecificsocialpsychology,socializationandpersonalitydevelopment,behavioralgenetics.Gray:Chapter3,pp.8486;Chapter13,pp.471473;Chapter15,pp.537554.(HTMW:Chapter7,pp.429455.)Tuesday,April15&Thursday,April17:Loveandsex.Sexualselection,attraction,beauty,commitment,conflict,sexualpolitics.Gray:Chapter3,pp.7682;Chapter12,451458;Chapter15,pp.554557.(HTMW:Chapter7,pp.455503.)*FOURTHMINIASSIGNMENTDUETUESDAYAPRIL15.Tuesday,April22:Violence.Individualaggression;Hobbes&thedynamicsofaggression;aggressionbetweengroups;grouppsychology;thedeclineofviolence.Gray:Chapter3,pp.8284;Chapter12,pp.448449;Chapter14,pp.527529.(HTMW:Chapter7,pp.493520.)Thursday,April24:Obediencetoauthority.Chapter14,pp.517521Tuesday,April29:Theselfandothers.Selfdeception,selfpresentation,cognitivedissonance.Gray:Chapter13,pp.465482,493496,504513.(HTMW:Chapter6,pp.421424;Chapter7,pp.499502.)Thursday,May1:Thepsychologyofreligionandmorality.S.Pinker,TheMoralInstinct,TheNewYorkTimesSundayMagazine.Oncoursewebsite.(HTMW:Chapter8,pp.554558.)*SECONDDRAFTOFPAPERDUE

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