school funding reform: next steps towards a fairer system

Download School funding reform: Next steps towards a fairer system

Post on 02-Jan-2016

38 views

Category:

Documents

6 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

School funding reform: Next steps towards a fairer system. Improving arrangements for funding pupils and students with high needs: Additional illustrative information. Introduction. The case for reforming high needs funding. Introduction. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

TRANSCRIPT

  • School funding reform: Next steps towards a fairer systemImproving arrangements for funding pupils and students with high needs: Additional illustrative information

  • IntroductionThe case for reforming high needs funding

  • IntroductionOn 26 March, we published School funding reform: Next steps towards a fairer system.The school funding document set out a range of reforms that will improve current education funding arrangements, including for pupils and students with high needs aged from birth to 25 in the school, AP and FE sectors.This set of slides provides additional illustrations of the high needs funding reforms announced in School funding reform: Next steps towards a fairer system in diagrammatic form.Full explanation of the high needs funding reforms can be found in Chapter 3 and Annexes 5A-5C of the school funding document. Where appropriate, cross-references have been provided.

  • The current funding systemLA 2YPLALA 1DfEPRUINMSSSpecial schoolSpecial AcademyMainst. schoolMainstr. AcademyFE collegeISPDSG paid to LAsPre-16 fundingPost-16 funding paid to YPLAAcademy fundingDifferent types of providers are funded in entirely different ways. This means that local authorities face different levels of additional costs when placing a pupil or student.Post-16 provision is funded differently according to whether a young person remains in a school or enters FE at 16. There are also three different high needs funding systems post-16 (the 16-18 SEN Block Grant, high-level ALS, and the LLDD placement budget), each with their own rules and regulations.Current arrangements for funding high needs provision in Academies are complex, error-prone and bureaucratic. As the number of Academies grows, these arrangements will become unsustainable.The current process of inter-authority recoupment is bureaucratic and costly. It does not foster dialogue about a pupils needs, provision and progress between commissioners and providers.Three different funding systems post-16PRUs do not have delegated budgetsComplex Academy funding arrangementsPlace-led fundingPaid through feesFormula fundingInter-authority recoupment

  • The case for reformFunding arrangements in which all providers are funded on an equivalent basis education provision for a high needs pupil is funded in a comparable way whatever the form of institution they attend.High needs education funding pre-16 and post-16 is brought together so as to support the development of an integrated approach to assessment and planning from birth to 25.Funding is genuinely responsive to individual pupils and students needs there is greater flexibility with regard to the use of funding, and clear, non-bureaucratic processes that support commissioning focused on the needs of the young person. There is clear and transparent information about available provision so as to improve choice for young people and their families.

  • Overview of the high needs funding reformsThis section includes Figure 1 from School Funding Reform: Next steps towards a fairer system, and uses this to provide a brief overview of the key reforms in the pre-16 mainstream, pre-16 specialist SEN, AP and post-16 sectors.

  • Overview: Reform of high needs fundingElement 1: Core education fundingElement 2: Additional support fundingElement 3: Top-up fundingMainstream settingsPre-16 SEN and APSpecialist settingsAll settingsPost-16 SEN and LDDTop-up funding from the commissioner to meet the needs of each pupil or student placed in the institutionMainstream per-pupil funding (AWPU)Contribution of 6,000 to additional support required by a pupil with high needs, from the notional SEN budgetBase funding of 10,000 for SEN and 8,000 for AP placements, which is roughly equivalent to the level up to which a mainstream provider would have contributed to the additional support provision of a high needs pupil. Base funding is provided on the basis of planned places.Mainstream per-student funding (as calculated by the national 16-19 funding system)Contribution of 6,000 to additional support required by a student with high needsThis diagram appeared as Figure 1 (p.43) of School funding reform: Next steps towards a fairer system.

  • Pre-16 mainstream settingsElement 1: Core education fundingElement 2: Additional support fundingElement 3: Top-up fundingTop-up funding from the commissioner to meet the needs of each pupil placed in the institutionMainstream per-pupil funding (AWPU)Contribution of 6,000 to additional support required by a pupil with high needs, from the notional SEN budgetProviders will continue to receive a clearly-identified notional SEN budget as part of their delegated budget. This budget will be provided by the maintaining local authority (for maintained schools) or the EFA (for Academies).

    From this funding, mainstream providers will be expected to contribute the first 6,000 of the cost of additional educational support required by a high needs pupil. By additional education support, we mean the support a pupil requires above what would be funded by mainstream per-pupil funding.

    To illustrate, if a school received AWPU of 4,500, the contribution a mainstream setting would be expected to make would be 10,500 (AWPU+6,000). If the AWPU was 5,500, the contribution would be 11,500 (again, AWPU+6,000).Top-up funding will be: provided direct to the provider from the commissioning local authority; provided in or close to the pupils real-time movement; and be based on the pupils assessed needs.Mainstream placements for pre-16 high needs pupils refer to placements in mainstream schools and mainstream Academies in settings where there is not a designated place set aside specifically for pupils with high needs (See section 3.5).

  • Pre-16 specialist SEN settingsElement 1: Core education fundingElement 2: Additional support fundingElement 3: Top-up fundingTop-up funding from the commissioner to meet the needs of each pupil placed in the institutionBase funding of 10,000 for, which is roughly equivalent to the level up to which a mainstream provider would have contributed to the additional support provision of a high needs pupil. Base funding is provided on the basis of planned places.Providers will receive base funding of 10,000 for an agreed number of planned places. This will be the only factor that can be used in setting the place-led funding of a specialist setting. This will ensure that: there is broad equivalence of funding for high needs provision across mainstream and specialist settings; and all pre-16 specialist high needs provision is funded on an equivalent basis.This budget will be provided by the maintaining local authority (for maintained schools) or the EFA (for Academies).

    Prior to the implementation of these new funding arrangements, we will work with local authorities to ensure information about the number of planned places in each institution is accurate (see section 3.10). Thereafter, there will be simple process for ensuring that the number of funded places is reviewed at least every two years and, if necessary, adjusted (pp.68-70).

    Top-up funding will be: provided direct to the provider from the commissioning local authority; provided in or close to the pupils real-time movement; and based on the pupils assessed needs.Specialist placements for pre-16 high needs pupils refer to placements where there is a designated place set aside specifically for pupils with high needs. These include special schools, special Academies, special Free Schools, and special units / resourced provision in mainstream settings (see section 3.6). We are considering the route through which independent and non-maintained special schools will receive base funding within these funding arrangements (see p.61).

  • Pre-16 specialist AP settingsElement 1: Core education fundingElement 2: Additional support fundingElement 3: Top-up fundingTop-up funding from the commissioner to meet the needs of each pupil placed in the institutionBase funding of 8,000. Base funding is provided on the basis of planned places.Providers will receive base funding of 8,000 for an agreed number of planned places. The reasons for setting the level of base funding for the AP sector at 8,000 are set out in Next steps towards a fairer system (paragraph 3.6.5, and pp.65-66). This budget will be provided by the maintaining local authority (for maintained schools) or the EFA (for Academies).

    Prior to the implementation of these new funding arrangements, we will work with local authorities to ensure the information about the number of planned places in each institution is accurate (see section 3.10). Thereafter, there will be simple process for ensuring that the number of funded places is reviewed at least every two years and, if necessary, adjusted (pp.68-70). Regulations to allow PRUs to hold delegated budgets should be in place by April 2013.

    State-funded specialist AP settings for pre-16 high needs pupils include maintained PRUs, other maintained AP, AP Academies and AP Free Schools. Where a pupil is placed in an independent AP setting, the commissioner would notify the EFA of this placement and would receive the base funding, which could then be passed on to the provider with the fees for the placement (see p.65).Top-up funding will be: provided direct to the provider from the commissioning local authority; provided in or close to the pupils real-time movement; and based on the pupils assessed needs.

  • Post-16 settings (mainstream and specialist)Element 1: Core education fundingElement 2: Additional support fundingElement 3: Top-up fundingTop-up funding from the commissioner to meet the needs of each pupil or student placed in the institutionMainstream per-student funding (as calculated by the national 16-19 funding system)Contribution of 6,000 to additional support required by a pupil o

Recommended

View more >