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  • Annual Report2014-15

    ST & SC DEVELOPMENT, MINORITIES & BACKWARD CLASSES WELFARE DEPARTMENT

    Govt. of Odisha

  • Annual Report

    ST & SC DEVELOPMENT, MINORITIES &BACKWARD CLASSES WELFARE DEPARTMENT

    Government of Odisha

    2 0 1 4 - 1 5

  • 1. ST & SC Development, Minorities And Backward Classes Welfare Department 01

    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Mission and Vision

    1.3 Brief History and background

    1.4 Organization Chart

    1.5 Institutional Mechanism

    1.6 Functions and Duties of Different Wings

    1.7 Flow of Funds

    2. Demographic Scenario of Orissa 07

    2.1 Tribal Scene

    2.2 Schedules Caste Population

    2.3 SEBC Profile

    2.4 Minority Population

    3. The Scheduled Area and Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP) 11

    4. Programmes under Implementation 18

    4.1 SCA TO TSP

    4.2 Article 275 (1)

    4.3 Special Plan for KBK District (RLTAP)

    4.4 Education

    4.5 Post-Matric Scholarship

    CONTENTSCONTENTSCONTENTSCONTENTSCONTENTS

  • 4.6 Pre-Matric Scholarship

    4.7 Protective Legislation

    4.7.1 implementation of ORV Act.

    4.7.2 Protection of Civil Rights

    4.8 Tribes Advisory Council

    4.9 Implementation of Forest Rights Act.

    4.10 Development of Scheduled Castes

    5. The Schedule Caste and Scheduled Tribe Development Finance 77

    Co-operative Corporation (OSFDC)

    6. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Research and 85

    Training Institute (SCSTRTI)

    7. Orissa Tribal Empowerment & Livelihood Programme (OTELP) 95

    8. Tribal Development Co-operative Corporation (TDCC) 131

    9. Academy of Tribal Language & Culture (ATLC) 142

    10. Orissa Model Tribal Education Society (OMTES) 152

    11. Programmes for Socially & Educationally Backward Classes 165

    12. Programmes for Socio-Economic Development of Minorities 169

    13. Financial & Central Assistance received during 2009-10 210

  • Annual Report 2014-15 1

    ST & SC DEVELOPMENT, MINORITIES &BACKWARD CLASSES WELFARE DEPARTMENT 2014-15

    1.1 INTRODUCTION

    Odisha State occupies a distinct place in ourcountry as it represents a unique blend of unityamidst diversity. There are 62 Scheduled Tribecommunities, each one different from the otherand 93 Scheduled Caste communities in the State.The State has the privilege of having highestnumber (13) of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups(PVTGs). Both ST & SC together constitute 39.98%of the total population of the State (ST-22.85%and SC-17.13% as per 2011 census).

    The ST & SC Development and Minorities &Backward Classes Welfare Department functionsas the nodal Department for the welfare and all-round development of Scheduled Castes,Scheduled Tribes, Minorities and BackwardClasses. The basic objective of the Department isto formulate and coordinate policies,programmes, laws, regulations etc. for economic,educational and social development of thesecommunities. The principal aim is to empower theprincipal stake holders through their educational,economic and social development in order to buildself-reliance and self esteem among them.

    1.2 MISSION AND VISION

    It is imperative to get a glimpse of the humblebeginning and development of the nodaldepartment, which initially cherished to providewelfare and development, with dedication,devotion, commitment and sincerity, for theweaker sections of communities, which wererelatively deprived, marginalized, encysted andisolated due to geo-historical and socio-politicalfactors. The initial phase which advocated welfaremeasures in consonance with our national policywas expanded subsequently by inclusion ofplanned development intervention. Keeping inview the policy issues and options, the nodaldepartment, for smooth execution of activities,

    witnessed structural-functional changes. Thevision and mission of the ST & SC Developmentand Minorities & Backward Classes WelfareDepartment is all-round development of theScheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, OtherBackward Classes and Minority communities vis avis other sections of the society. The policies,programmes and schemes have been designed inconsonance with the overall goals and objectivesas enshrined in Articles 46 (Part IV), 16, 17, 19,164, 244, 275, 330, 332,335,338,339,341, 342 and366 of the Constitution of India for which a four-pronged strategy has been evolved andimplemented:

    Programmes for economic development;

    Programmes for social empowerment;

    Programmes aimed at elimination of all formsof exploitation & for protective legislation;

    Nodal agency for monitoring flow to TSP &SCSP.

    1.3 BRIEF HISTORY AND BACKGROUND

    The execution of ameliorative measures for thewelfare of Scheduled Tribes and the developmentof Scheduled Areas were initially exclusively carriedout by the Tribal & Rural Welfare Departmentthrough Panchayati Raj Institutions. TheDepartment in 1965-66 combined the functions ofthe Secretariat and the Heads of Department,which consisted of;

    (1) Secretary

    (2) Director of Tribal & Rural Welfare-cum-JointSecretary

    (3) One Financial Adviser-cum-Deputy Secretary

    (4) One Under Secretary, and

    (5) One Special Officer-cum-Under Secretary

  • Annual Report 2014-152

    The Director, Tribal & Rural Welfare was the headof the organization for superintendence and wasassisted at headquarters by the following officials:

    (1) A Deputy Director

    (2) An Assistant Director

    (3) A Special Officer of the Tribal DevelopmentProgramme for giving special attention to thewelfare of most Backward Tribes.

    (4) A Special Officer in charge of educationalprogramme.

    (5) A Lady Welfare Officer to look into theeducation of tribal girls.

    (6) An Honorary Rural Welfare Officer working inan advisory capacity, and

    (7) A Junior Statistician for collection,compilation and analysis of statisticalinformation relating to progress of educationand other welfare schemes.

    During 1965-66, the combined field organizationof both Tribal & Rural Welfare and Gram PanchayatDepartments was bifurcated. Thereafter the Tribal& Rural Welfare Department had its own fieldorganization at the district level, which workedunder the direct supervision of Collectors.

    The task of developing the Scheduled Areas is,indeed, a difficult one. In the matter ofamelioration of the conditions of Scheduled Tribes,Whereas greater need for ensuring peoplesparticipation and active co-operation of socialworkers, social service agencies and developmentpractitioners or in other words field executives.Participation of ST & SC communities in theimplementation of development programmesinitiated for their welfare from time to time hasincreased over the years. Currently, the followingtwo Departments are functioning together:

    Scheduled Tribe and Scheduled CasteDevelopment Department.

    Minorities and Backward Classes WelfareDepartment.

    1.4 ORGANISATIONAL CHART

  • Annual Report 2014-15 3

    COMPONENTIAL CHART OF VARIOUS AGENCIES WITHINTHE DEPARTMENT

    SC & ST DevelopmentDepartment

    Minorities & Backward ClassesWelfare Department

    OSFDC

    SCSTRTI

    ATDC

    TDCCOL

    PSU of OTELP

    OMTES

    OTDS

    OBC Commission

    OBCFDCC

    1.5. INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM

    The Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled CastesDevelopment Department is the nodalDepartment of the State for the welfare anddevelopment of the ST & SC communities. Article46 of the constitution of India enjoins upon thestate to promote, with special care, theeducational and economic interests of the weakersections of the people and, in particular, of theScheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes andshall protect them from social injustice and all formsof exploitation. It is mandatory for thedepartment inter alia, to carry forward the goalsenshrined in Article 46 of the Constitution. Thewelfare of Minorities and Other Backward Classesis the main responsibility of the Minorities andBackward Classes Welfare Department. TheDepartment is headed by a Senior CabinetMinister.

    The Department has an elaborate arrangement atthe field level with a District Welfare Officer inevery district, Assistant District Welfare Officersin most of the Sub-divisions and Welfare Extension

    Officer in every Block. There are 21 IntegratedTribal Development Agencies (I.T.D.As) coveringthe TSP areas for implementing tribal developmentprogrammes. Outside the TSP area, there are 46MADA Pockets and 14 Clusters where theprogramme implementation is done throughBlocks. To ensure focused programmeimplementation for 13 Particularly Vulnerable TribalGroups (PVTGs), 17 Micro Projects have beenestablished in 12 tribal districts of the state. TheOrissa Scheduled Castes and Scheduled TribesDevelopment Finance Co-operative Corporation(OSFDC) is an apex institution under theDepartment, which implements programmes forthe development of Scheduled Castes andDispersed Tribals. The Tribal Development Co-operative Corporation Ltd (TDCCOL), is an apexorganization that looks after marketing of minorforest produce (M.F.P) and surplus agriculturalproduce (S.A.P) for the benefit of the tribals. TheOrissa Minorities and Backward Classes FinanceDevelopment Corporation (OBCFDC) channelizesloans targeted for the development of backward

  • Annual Report 2014-154

    classes and minorities. The Department runs anumber of residential and non-residentialeducational institutions and hostels for thebenefit of the Scheduled Tribe and ScheduledCaste students. The Department has a Researchand Training Institute named, Scheduled Castes& Scheduled Tribes Research and Training Institute(SCSTRTI), which provides in-house facility forresearch and training and documentation

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