rural electrification in indonesia target and development

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  • Directorate General of Electricity

    Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources

    Republic of Indonesia

    COUNTRY REPORT 2012

    Rural Electrification in Indonesia Target and Development

    Ashary Teguh Winoto

    Elif Doka Marliska M. Himawan Prasetyo Sahat Simangunsong

  • Objective of Electricity Development

    To ensure the availability of electricity in sufficient quantity, good quality and

    reasonable price in order to improve the welfare of the people.

    Utilization of Primary Energy Sources :

    Primary energy sources from domestic and overseas shall be used optimally in

    accordance with National Energy Policy to ensure a sustainable supply of

    electricity.

    Utilization of primary energy sources must be implemented with emphasis

    on new energy sources and renewable energy.

    Utilization of domestic energy sources will be prioritized for national interests.

    GOVERNMENT POLICY ON ELECTRICITY SECTOR (Base on Electricity Law No. 30 Year 2009)

    5

  • Electricity Law No. 30 Year 2009 about Electricity article (4)

    Government and Local Governments provide funding for :

    a) Poor people;

    b) Electricity supply in underdeveloped areas;

    c) Electric power in remote and border areas;

    d) Rural electrification.

    Policies on Rural Area

    6

  • Challenges in Electricity Sectorvelopmet

    Development

    Mismatch between primary energy resources versus population

    density:

    80% population located in Java-Bali;

    majority source of primary energy in other islands.

    Dependency on oil as primary energy for electricity generation :

    abundance coal reserve, but many electricity generations still use

    fuel oil.

    Lack of supporting infrastructures:

    gas pipe networks;

    coal transportation and distribution;

    electricity transmission networks, especially in outer islands.

    Limited financial budget to develop electricity sector:

    Electrification ratio is still low;

    Funding is needed for the development of additional generation

    capacity (crash programs), transmission and distribution networks.

  • Challenges in Gaining Target

    Goverment subsidiary on electricity sector.

    electricity price is under its economical level

    Subsidiary reduces government capability to invest in electricity

    sector

  • 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

    Electrif icat ion Ratio 63% 64.3% 65.1% 65.8% 67.2% 72.95% 75.9% 78.0% 80.0%

    PLAN (Year)REALIZATION (Year)

    NAD 87,72% Sumut

    83,98%

    Sumbar 77,72%

    Riau 78,17%

    Sumsel 72,71%

    Bengkulu 71,15%

    Babel 82,26%

    Lampung 70,40%

    Jakarta 99,99%

    Banten 68,18%

    Jabar 70,72%

    Jateng 77,31%

    Jambi 76,54%

    DIY 75,19%

    Jatim 72,05%

    Bali 69,77%

    NTB 52,88%

    NTT 39,92%

    Kalbar 65,37%

    Kalteng 67,28%

    Kalsel 75,65%

    Kaltim 63,44%

    Sulut 73,21%

    Gorontalo 54,69%

    Sulteng 64,84%

    Sultra 56,46%

    Sulsel 74,19%

    Malut 70,34%

    Maluku 70,80%

    Papua 29,25%

    Category :

    > 60 %

    41 - 60 %

    20 - 40 %

    Sulbar 64,12%

    Kepri 91,52%

    Papua Barat 58,24%

    Electrification Ratio 2011

    3

  • NAD

    99,57%

    Sumut

    98,33%

    Sumbar

    99,52%

    Riau

    99,70%

    Sumsel

    99,62%

    Bengkulu

    99,07%

    Babel

    100%

    Lampung

    99,39%

    Jakarta

    100%

    Banten

    100% Jabar

    100% Jateng

    99,99%

    Jambi

    99,71%

    DI Yogyakarta

    100%

    Jatim

    99,99%

    Bali

    100%

    NTB

    99,82%

    NTT

    96,16%

    Kalbar

    98,42%

    Kalteng

    99,80%

    Kalsel

    99,90%

    Kaltim

    96,52% Sulut

    99,82%

    Gorontalo

    99,59%

    Sulteng

    99,34%

    Sultra

    98,63%

    Sulsel

    99,63%

    Malut

    99,72%

    Maluku

    95,41%

    Papua

    39,07%

    Category:

    100%

    90% s.d < 100%

    > 50% s.d < 90%

    50%

    Sulbar

    99,22%

    Kepri

    100%

    Papua Barat

    83,11%

    Year

    2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

    Villages Ratio 91% 91,92% 92,2% 93,19% 92,52% 96,02% 96,70% 97,80% 98,90%

    Electrified Rural/Villages Ratio 2011

    4

  • Development Direction of Electricity Provision (Based on RUKN 2010-2029)

    The development of power generation is to meet the realistic demand growth ,

    address the electricity crisis in some areas, increase reserve capacity and to

    fulfill reserve margin by prioritizing the utilization of local energy sources, and

    avoid of oil-fired power generation.

    The development of transmission and distribution system are to meet the power

    system growth, increase system reliability, and transmit power from power

    generation to customer.

    RUKN: National General Electricity Planning

  • NAD 89,79% Sumut

    87,01%

    Sumbar 80,19%

    Riau 79,09%

    Sumsel 74,83%

    Bengkulu 73,23%

    Babel 83,39%

    Lampung 72,88%

    Jakarta 99,99%

    Banten 69,53%

    Jabar 72,77%

    Jateng 80,74%

    Jambi 78,17%

    DIY 77,96%

    Jatim 74,98%

    Bali 71,56%

    NTB 54,77%

    NTT 44,49%

    Kalbar 67,87%

    Kalteng 69,20%

    Kalsel 77,70%

    Kaltim 64,02%

    Sulut 75,68%

    Gorontalo 55,88%

    Sulteng 66,60%

    Sultra 57,90%

    Sulsel 76,86%

    Malut 71,68%

    Maluku 72,01%

    Papua 35,89%

    Category :

    > 60 %

    41 - 60 %

    20 - 40 %

    Sulbar 65,26%

    Kepri 91,68%

    Papua Barat 60,78%

    2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

    Electrif ication

    Ratio63% 64.3% 65.1% 65.8% 67.2% 72.95% 75.30% 77.65% 80.0%

    TargetRealization

    Target of Electrification Ratio (End of Year 2012)

  • Rural Electrification Program is Government policy on the electricity sector for

    the expansion of electricity access in rural areas

    RURAL ELECTRIFICATION PROGRAM

    7

    Rural electrification:

    - Priority for provinces with low electrification ratios

    - National Budget

    - Executed by PLN (expand the distribution)

  • Promote the economy of rural community

    Improve the quality of education and health

    Encourage economic productivity, social and cultural development of the

    rural areas

    Facilitate and accelerate rural communities to obtain information

    from electronic media and other communication media.

    Improve security

    OBJECTIVE OF RURAL ELECTRIFICATION

    8

  • 9

    Rural Electrification Program Fiscal Year 2012 Rp. 2.548 Trillion:

    -Medium voltage transmission : 4,010 kms,

    -Low voltage transmission : 4,267 kms,

    -Distribution substation : 3,138 units, capacity 202.7 MVA,

    -Target Electrification Ratio : 75.9%

    RURAL ELECTRIFICATION PROGRAM YEAR 2012

  • 10

    RURAL ELECTRIFICATION PROGRAM YEAR 2013

    Rural Electrification Program Fiscal Year 2013 Rp. 2.853 Trillion:

    - Medium voltage transmission : 4,456 kms,

    - Low voltage transmission : 4.736 kms,

    - Distribution Substation : 3,335 units, capacity 211 MVA,

    - Target Electrification Ratio : 78%

  • The government has introduced 2 Accelerated Program:

    - Accelerated Program Phase I consist of 10.000 MW Coal Fired

    Power Plant (37 projects) and approximately 1817 kms transmission

    project as PLNs projects, introduced in 2007.

    - Program Phase II (total capacity approximately 10.000 MW) in the

    early 2010, consist of 93 power plant projects, with composition

    based on primary energy (Hydro 11%, Geothermal 34% , Coal 40%,

    Gas 15%)

    Accelerate private sector participation in electricity sector

    Development:

    The establishing of more efficient and transparent investment.

    Providing incentive for investment in electricity sector.

    Programs to Accelerate Electricity

    Development

  • Electricity Development Priorities Up To 2020

    Power Generation

    To finalize the construction of Fast Track Program 10.000 MW Phase I and Phase II

    To finalize the construction of power generation project owned by PLN and IPP in

    regular program

    To finalize development of GeoPP and HEPP in an effort to utilize new and

    renewable energy and local energy.

    To encourage the development of Mine Mouth CFPP in an effort to utilize the

    potential of Low Rank Coal and CFPP with Ultra Super Critical technology to reduce

    emmision.

    Transmission Line

    To finalize development of transmission line related to Fast Track Program 10.000

    MW Phase I and Phase II

    To solve de-bottlenecking of transmission line especially in Java-Bali and Sumatera

    system

    To develop Java-Sumatera interconnection system in order to transfer power from a

    large Mine Mouth CFPP in Sumatera to Java.

  • www.djlpe.esdm.go.id

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