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  • RUNWAY INCURSIONS In the NewsDEFINITIONSSTATISTICSEVENTS - RESULTS/CAUSESEVALUATOR EMPHASISAIRPORT SIGNAGE TESTINTERNET RESOURCE

  • RUNWAY INCURSION

  • WHAT CAN YOU DO?OBJECTIVE -

  • The FAA DEFINES--Any occurrence at an airport involvingan aircraft, vehicle, person, or object onthe ground that creates a collision hazardor results in loss of separation with anaircraft taking off or intending totakeoff, landing, or intending to land.

  • GLOSSARYPILOT DEVIATION(PD)OPERATIONAL ERROR(OE)VEHICLE OR PEDESTRIAN DEVIATION(VPD)

  • Runway IncursionStatistics

  • Data and Trends0501001502002501988198919901991199219931994199519961997199819992000187223281242219186200240275292325321429Runway Incursions by Incursion TypesNote: CY 2000 data is preliminary and subject to change. Data valid as of January 9, 2001260

  • Data and TrendsRunway Incursion Types per 100,000 OperationsNote: CY 2000 data is preliminary and subject to change. Data valid as of October 13, 2000

    Chart4

    0.14239758720.10879815650.0479991867

    0.12774339320.13253377040.0958075449

    0.15265709370.18166194140.0946473981

    0.1185486410.16340488360.1057325717

    0.14281479710.14598845930.0587127499

    0.1194579540.13560092080.0452003069

    0.13290085150.10568019520.081661969

    0.10471321260.20137156270.0805486251

    0.11161901360.2361793620.0970600118

    0.13500732690.20483870290.11328201

    0.13742284590.27635583310.0770171994

    0.11356350530.26498151240.0888124849

    0.15223341310.44800118720.1370100718

    CY

    JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal19981999Change

    19972022222125293728233114202921Q67670%

    19982420232622322328383036233252Q8079-1%

    19992921172229283923332425313213Q89957%

    200024243633384442483220003414Q8980-10%

    325321-1%

    19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000Target

    28124221918620424228729232532134132124823%

    1990651729100.431Rate Increase

    1999680844090.4719.35%

    29114994.47%

    CALENDAR YEARFISCAL YEAR

    2000OEPDVPDOther

    Jan2156124

    Feb512724

    Mar1122336

    Apr720633

    May824638

    Jun1125844

    Jul728742

    Aug102710148

    Sep518932

    Oct415120

    Nov0

    Dec0

    70206632341

    1999OEPDVPDOther

    1Q18341567

    2Q19451579ReportsOEsPDsVPDsRIs

    3Q2253209519966914561275

    4Q1950118019978713273292

    7818261032119989118351325

    19997818261321

    1998OEPDVPDOther20007020663339

    1Q2041667

    2Q27391480

    3Q21521689

    4Q23511589

    91183510325

    1997OEPDVPDOther

    1Q21301364

    2Q17312775

    3Q28392188

    4Q21321265

    87132730292

    RIOpsRateOEPDVPD

    198818762,501,0590.30.140.110.05

    198922362,625,5480.360.130.130.10

    199028165,506,2910.430.150.180.09

    199124262,421,6350.390.120.160.11

    199221963,018,6800.350.140.150.06

    199318661,946,4820.30.120.140.05

    199420062,452,5720.320.130.110.08

    199524062,074,3060.390.100.200.08

    199627561,817,4250.440.110.240.10

    199729264,440,9470.450.140.200.11

    199832566,218,9750.490.140.280.08

    199932168,684,0370.470.110.260.09

    200034145,982,0210.740.150.450.14

    YearOEPDVPD

    1988896830

    1989808360

    199010011962

    19917410266

    1992909237

    1993748428

    1994836651

    19956512550

    19966914660

    19978713273

    19989118351

    19997818261

    20007020663

    198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999

    187223281242219186200240275292325321

    CY

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    FY

    000

    000

    000

    000

    000

    OE

    PD

    VPD

    0000

    0000

    0000

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    000

    000

    000

    000

    000

    000

    000

    000

    000

    000

    000

    000

    CYJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecTotal

    199619132123231628362828202027515% Reduction

    1997202222212529372823311420292248

    1998242023262232232838303623325

    1999292117222928392333242531321

    20002424363338444248322000341

    FYOctNovDecJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepTotal15% Reduction

    1997282020202222212529372823295251

    1998311420242023262232232838301

    1999303623292117222928392333330

    2000242531242436333844424832401

    244980104128164197235279

    302321242121232530332631

    -23.6%6.7%32.3%-1.4%12.5%42.6%30.3%33.3%32.6%21.4%

    Avg:30.3%FY1997199819992000Change over 97

    1Q6865898018%

    2Q6467678431%

    3Q75807911553%

    4Q88899512239%

    295301330401

    Operational Errors

    Pilot Deviations

    Vehicle/Pedestrian Deviations

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0

    0000

    0000

    0000

    0000

    0000

    0000

    0000

    0000

    0000

    000

    000

    FY1997

    FY1998

    FY1999

    FY2000

    0000

    0000

    0000

    0000

    0000

    0000

    0000

    0000

    0000

    000

    000

    000

    Monthly Average 97-99

    FY 97

    FY 98

    FY 99

    FY 00

  • RUNWAY INCURSIONS RESULTING FROM PILOT DEVIATIONS74%18%6%2%CY 199965%22%8%5%CY 199875%20%4%1%CY 2000

  • Data and TrendsNote: CY 2000 data is preliminary and subject to change. Data valid as of January 9, 2001OE20.5%PD59.7%VPD19.6%Other.02%Runway incursions during CY 2000429 total incursionsCY 2000

  • Specific Runway Incursion EventsThe Administrator has identified incursions as one of the top safety priorities that all FAA personnel must address.Lets look at some specific occurrences.

  • Runway IncursionQuincy Muni Baldwin Field(UIN)13182231364BE-1900United ExpressFlt 5925King AirN1127DCherokee

  • Runway Incursion

  • DEKALB-PEACHTREE, 2/15/002L2R3416920R20L27PA-28N8447YSikorsky S76

  • TowerSARASOTA/BRADENTON INTLTERMINAL1432224CAUTION: BE ALERT TO RUNWAYCROSSING CLEARANCES READBACKOF ALL RUNWAY HOLDINGINSTRUCTIONS REQUIRED.JonesAviationFN89827C-152N79960C-172DolphinAviation

  • TowerSARASOTA/BRADENTON INTLTERMINAL1432224DolphinAviationFJonesAviationN89827 called from Dolphin,taxi fortakeoff

    Cleared tothe end ofRwy 14

    Controller goes on break and Supervisor takesover the position

  • TowerSARASOTA/BRADENTON INTLTERMINAL1432224Dol phinAviationFJonesAviationN79960 calls from Jones to taxi for take off

    Supervisor clears him to Rwy 14 thinking he is at Dolphin and will taxi to theend of Rwy 14

    NOTE the other aircraft at F & Rwy 14! N89827N79960

  • TowerSARASOTA/BRADENTONTERMINAL1432224Dol phinAviationFJonesAviationN89827 calls ready for takeoff - told to hold short. N79960 calls number two for take off - told to hold short. 10:34:00 Supervisor clears N89827 into position/holdSupervisor clearsother aircraft position & hold at FN89827N79960

  • TowerSARASOTA/BRADENTON INTLTERMINAL1432224Dol phinAviationFJonesAviationN89827N79960Other aircraftcleared fortake-off

  • TowerSARASOTA/BRADENTON INTLTERMINAL1432224Dol phinAviationFJonesAviationN89827N79960 10:34:54 N89827 cleared for take-offSupervisor looks at paper strip showingN79960 at the end ofRwy 14, he sees ahigh wing aircraftthere

  • TowerSARASOTA/BRADENTON INTLTERMINAL1432224JonesAviationFN89827C-152N79960C-172DolphinAviation10:23:57 he clearsN79960 into positionand hold Rwy 14

  • TowerSARASOTA/BRADENTON INTLTERMINAL1432224JonesAviationFN89827C-152N79960C-172DolphinAviation

  • ALERT BULLETIN.CONTINUED**April 1, 2000, 1030 CST, Shelby County Airport, Shelbyville, IL. Pitts S-2A, N224V, owned and piloted by a Commercial pilot, while landing on Rwy 14 (grass, 200 x 3,264) struck a golf cart 5 off the side of the Rwy that was applying weed killer adjacent to the Rwy. The golf cart driver was fatally injured and the aircraft was substantially damaged.

  • ALERT BULLETIN.CONTINUED**BEECH BONANZA B35 TAXIED TO RWY 1 VIA TWY ALPHA AND DEPARTED WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION, ROCKFORD, IL 261448C

  • ALERT BULLETIN.CONTINUED**C182 FAILED TO FOLLOW ATC INSTRUCTIONS AND TAXIED ONTO RWY 22L WITHOUT CLEARANCE, MESA, AZ

  • ALERT BULLETIN.CONTINUED a Fokker 100 crossed assigned runway and encroached on runway environment to landing traffic, Richmond, VA Traffic on short final was issued go-around instructions.

  • UNINTENTIONAL

  • COMMON ERRORSFAILURE TO HOLD SHORT (MEANING THE PILOT MOVES INTO TAKEOFF POSITION PREMATURELY)

    TURNING ON WRONG TAXIWAY

    CROSSING A RUNWAY WITHOUT CLEARANCE

  • CAUSES FOR ERRORSCLEARANCESCOMMUNICATIONSGROUND NAVIGATIONPOSITIONAL AWARENESS

  • WHO IS IMMUNE TO RUNWAY INCURSIONS*FAR 139 AIRPORT TOWERED NON-TOWERED*GENERAL AVIATION AIRPORTS TOWERED NON-TOWEREDNOBODY!

  • WHAT CAN YOU DO?OBJECTIVE -

  • EXAMINER EMPHASIS ITEMSCOLLISION AVOIDANCE

    RUNWAY INCURSION AVOIDANCE

  • PRACTICAL TEST REQUIREMENTSA.O. AIRPORT OPERATIONS

    TASK: RADIO COMMUNICATIONS AND ATC LIGHT GUN SIGNALS

    TRAFFIC PATTERNS

    AIRPORT AND RUNWAY MARKINGS AND LIGHTING

  • SITUATIONAL AWARENESS

  • DURING THE TESTIs the applicant familiar with the airport diagram--before leaving the ramp--for both the airport of or

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