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  • Intended for

    Runnymede Borough Council

    Date

    July, 2016

    Project Number

    UK15-23260

    RUNNYMEDE SUSTAINABILITY APPRAISAL OF THE ISSUES AND OPTIONS

  • RUNNYMEDE SUSTAINABILITY APPRAISAL OF THE ISSUES AND OPTIONS

    Ramboll 92, Avenue d'Auderghem 1040 Bruxelles T +32 02 737 96 80 F +32 02 737 9699 www.ramboll-management.be

    Project No. UK1523260 Issue No. 01 Date 11/07/2016 Made by Emma Green / Emma Jones Checked by Bram Miller Approved by Bram Miller Made by:

    Checked/Approved by:

    This report has been prepared by Ramboll Environ with all reasonable skill, care and diligence, and taking account of the Services and the Terms agreed between Ramboll Environ and the Client. This report is confidential to the Client, and Ramboll Environ accepts no responsibility whatsoever to third parties to whom this report, or any part thereof, is made known, unless formally agreed by Ramboll Environ beforehand. Any such party relies upon the report at their own risk. Ramboll Environ disclaims any responsibility to the Client and others in respect of any matters outside the agreed scope of the Services.

  • SUSTAINABILITY APPRAISAL OF THE ISSUES AND OPTIONS Runnymede

    Version Control Log Revision Date Made by Checked by Approved by Description

    A 15/06/2016 EG/EJ BM BM Draft report

    B 01/07/16 EG/EJ BM BM Draft report sent to client (UnQAd

    draft)

    1 11/07/16 EG/EJ BM BM Report to client

  • SUSTAINABILITY APPRAISAL OF THE ISSUES AND OPTIONS Runnymede

    CONTENTS

    1. KEY MESSAGES 1 1.1 What is this report? 1 1.2 What has been assessed? 1 1.3 What were the results? 1 2. INTRODUCTION 3 2.1 Background 3 2.2 This report 3 2.3 Habitat Regulations Assessment 3 2.4 Stages of the SA 3 2.5 Runnymede 2035 Local Plan 4 2.6 How to comment on the report 4 2.7 Next steps in the process 4 3. METHODOLOGY OF THE ISSUES AND OPTIONS

    ASSESSMENT PROCESS 5 3.1 Introduction 5 3.2 Selecting / identifying reasonable alternatives 5 3.3 Assessing reasonable alternatives 5 4. ASSESSMENT RESULTS 9 4.1 Introduction 9 4.2 Spatial strategy 12 4.3 Thorpe village boundary options 19 4.4 Housing options 26 4.5 Economy and retail options 28 4.6 The built environment 31 4.7 The natural environment 34 4.8 Recreation, green space and leisure 36 4.9 Heritage 38 4.10 Transport and infrastructure 39 4.11 Flooding 41 ANNEXES AND APPENDICES

    ANNEX 1 SCREENING OF THE ALTERNATIVE ISSUES AND OPTIONS SEPARATE APPENDICES: APPENDIX 1: SELECTION OF REASONABLE ALTERNATIVES APPENDIX 2: SITE ASSESSMENTS

  • SUSTAINABILITY APPRAISAL OF THE ISSUES AND OPTIONS Runnymede

  • SUSTAINABILITY APPRAISAL OF THE ISSUES AND OPTIONS Runnymede

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  • SUSTAINABILITY APPRAISAL OF THE ISSUES AND OPTIONS

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    1. KEY MESSAGES

    1.1 What is this report?

    The Runnymede Local Plan is being subject to a Sustainability Appraisal (SA) to assess its effects on important sustainability issues within the Borough.

    This report sets out an assessment of the Runnymede Issues, Options and Preferred Approaches document (July 2016). The results of this assessment will be used by the Council when drafting the next stages of the Local Plan.

    1.2 What has been assessed?

    As part of the SA process reasonable alternatives need to be defined and assessed. This includes defining and assessing reasonable alternative sites for development and reasonable alternative approaches to the spatial strategy and other planning issues.

    There is no generally accepted definition of what constitutes reasonable and it is up to the Council to decide what is reasonable.

    All of the sites that are deemed reasonable by the Council have been assessed. Appendix 1 sets out which sites are considered reasonable and why.

    The Council has also developed a number of alternatives approaches to planning issues (spatial strategy; housing; economy and retail; built environment; natural environment; recreation, green space and leisure; heritage; transport and infrastructure; and flooding). The reasoning behind the choice of reasonable alternatives for these issues is also set out in Appendix 1;

    The approach to the assessment of the alternative approaches has been set out in sections 3.1 to 3.9 in this report. Not all approaches have been assessed or assessed against the full range of sustainability topics. This is because they will have effects on only some of the sustainability issues or because alternatives have not been suggested (and the purpose of this stage of the assessment is to help the council decide between alternatives).

    1.3 What were the results?

    The results of the assessments are shown in assessment tables which show how each site / alternative approach performs in relation to different sustainability objectives.

    Significant negative effects are shown in red and significant positive effects are shown in green.

    A significant negative effect does not mean that a particular site / approach should not be taken forward by the Council and a significant positive effect does not mean that the site / approach should automatically be taken forward.

    The results of the site assessments are shown in Appendix 2 and a summary is included in section 4.1. Generally, the preferred sites performed comparatively well (compared to the alternative sites suggested). In particular the preferred sites performed comparatively well in relation to Green Belt issues as the preferred sites are either Residual Land Parcels (where development has been shown to be more acceptable to Green Belt purposes); or are within settlement limits and are designated as housing reserve sites in the Runnymede Local Plan 2001 (as saved) and as such would be considered suitable for residential development. In some cases the preferred sites will have potentially negative or uncertain effects on the SA objectives and these are outlined in Appendix 2.

    The results of the assessment of the alternative approaches is shown in Section 4. Generally, the Councils preferred approaches have performed comparatively well. However, in some

  • SUSTAINABILITY APPRAISAL OF THE ISSUES AND OPTIONS

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    cases the preferred approaches will have potentially negative or uncertain effects on the SA objectives and these are outlined in Section 4.

    The Council can use the results of the assessment to choose planning approaches and a portfolio of sites that performs the most positively, and can use the knowledge gained to ensure that mitigation measures are put in place to reduce any negative impacts identified.

    For more detail on the performance of a particular site / approach please see Appendix 2 (for site assessments) and Section 4 (for the assessment of potential approaches).

  • SUSTAINABILITY APPRAISAL OF THE ISSUES AND OPTIONS

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    2. INTRODUCTION

    2.1 Background

    The preparation of the Runnymede 2035 Local Plan is being subject to an integrated sustainabil-ity appraisal (SA) and strategic environmental assessment (SEA) in line with the requirements of Statutory Instrument 2004 No. 1633: The Environmental Assessment of Plans and Programmes Regulations 2004 (the SEA Regulations). In English planning practice this combined assessment is referred to as a Sustainability Appraisal (SA). The SA is being carried out by Ramboll Environ using a team of consultants experienced in strategic appraisal of local authority spatial planning documents. The purpose of the SA is to promote sustainable development by integrating sustain-ability considerations into the plan making process at all relevant stages including when consider-ing alternative approaches to developing the plan (the issues and options stage).

    2.2 This report

    This document presents the findings of the SA of the Runnymede 2035 Local Plan, Issues, Op-tions and Preferred Approaches document (July, 2016). The information in this report will be used by the Council when drafting the next stages of the Local Plan.

    This report does not constitute an environmental report (in the English planning system called a SA report) under the SEA regulations. At the issues and options stage it is good practice to pro-duce fairly brief reports which can then be developed into the formal (regulation compliant) SA report at a draft plan stage. Please also note that further assessment of alternatives is also likely to be carried out as part of the assessment of the draft plan.

    2.3 Habitat Regulations Assessment

    Please note that this report does not constitute a Habitat Regulations Assessment (HRA) screen-ing report. A HRA screening report has been produced1 and has concluded that there will be no adverse effects to Thursley, Ash, Pirbright & Chobham SAC, Windsor Forest and Great Park SPA and the South West London Waterbodies SPA/Ramsar (one unit Thorpe Gravel Pits 1 and sup-porting habitats).IN relation to the Thames Basin Heaths SPA and SANG provision it is considered that there would be no risk of an adverse effect on the Thames Basin Heaths SPA since the policy developed under Preferred Approach NE2 would require the Council to either meet the SANGS provision from alternative strategic SANGS, meet the shortfall by releasing development sites that can provide their own SANGS, or revise its overall housing allocation to reflect that for which SANGS could definitely be provided. Therefore it can be concluded that there will be no adverse effects to Thames Basin Heaths SPA.

    2.4 Stages of the SA

    There are a number of stages to SA and these are shown below:

    Completed stages: An SA scoping report was produced in September 2014. From all of the infor-mat

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