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    Onomastic Tropes in Harry Potter and The Deathly Hallows

    By Don L. F. Nilsen

    and Alleen Pace Nilsen

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    Part One: Surface-Structure SchemesSee Companion PowerPoint

    AlliterationAssonanceCacophonyDeconstructionEthnicityEuphonyPoetic Scansion

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    Part Two: Deep-Structure TropesThis PowerPoint

    Aptness

    Irony

    Metaphor

    Metonymy

    Synecdoche

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    APTNESSGOOD GUYS:

    Crookshanks: Cat with crooked legsAlbus Dumbledore: WhiteArgus Filch: Security Person (cf Argus Camera and Argus Peacock) from Greek Argus, a creature with a thousand eyes)Filius Flitwick (Small Charms Professor)Rubeus Hagrid: Blushes Easily (Red Faced)Neville LongbottomMaxime Olympe: Giant (Maximum + Mt. Olympus)Peeves: PoltergeistLily Potter: (lilies symbolize purity)Pomona Sprout: (Pomona is the goddess of agriculture) Teaches BiologyArthur Weasley: Has a Weasel Patronus and Lives in the Burrow

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    APTNESSBAD GUYS:

    Aragog: Giant Spider (cf. arachnid and Gog and Magog)Phineas Nigellus Black: Bad Guy PortraitFenrir Greyback: WerewolfGriphook the Goblin: Holds onto treasures at Gringotts BankDraco Malfoy: Dragon, malfoy means bad faithNarcissa Malfoy: Egocentric, from the egocentric Narcissus The Inferi: Dead People in a Lake: They are belowRufus Scrimgeour: The Minister of Magic, in theatre, a scrim partially obscures thingsDolores Umbridge: Senior Undersecretary to the Minister of Magic and Hogwarts Professor. Dolores means sadnesses, and umbridge relates to shade, and shadow, cf. umbrellaLord Voldemort: Flight from Death

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    APTNESSOTHER TYPES:

    Professor Binn: Teaches History of Magic (what has been)Dobby and Kreacher: Dobby is a house elf who daubs up messes, and Kreacher is a creatureProfessor Flitwick: Teaches CharmsProfessor Sprout: Teaches HerbologyThe Thiefs Downfall (Waterfall in Gringotts Bank that washes away all charms and enchantments)

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    APTNESSCHARMS AND SPELLS:

    Accio! L: ascendere (ascend)Aguamenti! L: aqua (water)Apparate! L: apparere (to appear)Confringo! L: confringo (to break to pieces)Crucio! L: crux (cross)Defodio! L: defodio (to dig down)Deprimo! L: deprimo (To press or sink down)

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    Descendo! L: descendere (to descend)Diffindo! L: diffindo (to split or cleave)Disappare! L: apparere (to appear)Duro! (Turns something to stonemakes it durable) L: durus (hard)Erecto! L: erectus (erect)Expecto Patronum! L: exspectare (to expect), L: patronus (protector) from L: pater (father)Expelliarmus! (Expels the Arms of an opponent) L: expellere (to drive out)

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    Expulso! L: expulsare (to drive out) Fidelio! L: fedelis (faithful)Finite Incatatem: L: finitus (finished) L: incanto, incantare (to enchant)Flagrante Curse: (Makes Fire) L: flagrantia (burning, blazing)Gemino! (To Make Things Double or Multiple) L: gemellus (twin or double, cf. GemeniCastor and Pollox, the twins)Glisseo! (Slide)(cf. Glissando on a pianosliding, cf. glacier) I: glissando (slipping)Homenum Revelio: (Reveals any People in the Room) L: homo (human) L: revelo (reveal)Impedimenta! L impedimentum (impediment)Imperio! L: imperium (command or order)Levicorpus! L: levis (light, not heavy, cf. levitate and levity) L: corpus (body)

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    Liberacorpus! L: libera (free) L: corpus (body)Lumus! (For Light) L: lumen (light)Nox! (Night or Darkness) L: nox (night)Obliviate! (To Obliterate Someones Memory) L obliviosus (forgetful, oblivious)Obscuro! L: obscuro (obscure)Occlumency: (Occludes Harrys mind from Voldemorts thoughts) L: occludo (to shut up) L: mens (mind)Petrificus Totalus! (To Petrify Someone) L: petra (stone or rock) L: totus (complete or entire)

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    Priori Incantatem! L: prior (former or prior) L: incanto (enchantment)Protego (Totalum)! (For Protection, cf. Proteg) L: protego (to cover or protect) L: totus (complete or entire) Reducio! L: reducere (to draw backwards)Reparo! L: reparare (to repair)Repello Muggletum! L: repellere (to repel)Salvio Hexia! L: salveo (safe or in good health, cf. salvation) Sectum Sempra: (Snapes Curse) L: sectura (cutting) L: semper (always)Stupefy! L: stupor (stupefaction)Tergeo! L tergeo (to wipe, scour, dry off, clean)

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    IN MEDIAS RES:

    All Names which are Apt or Ironically Apt

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    IRONY:

    Lavender Brown: Oxymoron

    Regulus Arcturus Black: Good Guy

    Sirius Black: Good Guy

    Amicus Carrow: Death Eater

    The Daily Prophet

    The Dementors Kiss

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    Lucius Malfoy: Bad Guy (c.f. Lucifer)

    Norbert (the Norwegian Ridgeback Dragon): The name changes to Norberta when it is discovered that she is very violent and therefore female

    Kingsley Shacklebolt: Oxymoron: Kingsley is opposite in connotation to shackle or bolt

    Pius Thicknesse: Minister of Magic (is not pious, but he is thickstupid)

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    Nymphadora/Dora Tonks: Good Guy

    Xenophilius Lovegood: ct. Xenophobia (Luna Lovegoods Father)

    ALL WEASLEYS ARE PURE-BLOODS, BUT HAVE MUGGLE-SOUNDING NAMES: Arthur, Molly, Fred, Percy, George, Bill, Ron and Ginny

    Whomping Willow Tree (cf. Weeping Willow Tree)

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    Metaphor:

    Bathilda Bagshot is as nutty as squirrel poo.

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  • Parody:

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    Riddle:

    Q: Which came first the Phoenix or the flame?

    A: A circle has neither a beginning nor an end.

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    SYNECDOCHE andVISUAL IMAGERY:

    Fang: Hagrids Dog

    Extendable Ears

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    CONCLUSIONTHE TOM MARVOLO RIDDLE:

    Neither can live while the other survives.

    HARRY: I livewhile he lives? But I thought I thought it was the other way round! I thought we both had to die? Or is that the same thing?

    ALBUS: You were the seventh Horcrux, Harry, the Horcrux he never meant to make. (709)

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    Harry Potter Web Sites

    *HARRY POTTER LEXICON:

    http://www.hp-lexicon.org/

    *HOW HARRY POTTER SHOULD HAVE ENDED:

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YsYWT5Q_R_w

    *INFORMATION FOR MUGGLES:

    www.Mugglenet.com

    *J. K. ROWLING:

    http://www.jkrowling.com/

    *TERMINUS:

    www.terminus2008.org

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