River Campus Libraries User Centered Design Process Brenda Reeb, Usability David Lindahl, Digital Initiatives Susan Cardinal, Science Libraries.

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  • Slide 1
  • River Campus Libraries User Centered Design Process Brenda Reeb, Usability David Lindahl, Digital Initiatives Susan Cardinal, Science Libraries
  • Slide 2
  • User Centered Design Process Agenda Overview Design Group Content Group Usability Group
  • Slide 3
  • One Group Web Working Group
  • Slide 4
  • Usability group Design group Three Groups Content group
  • Slide 5
  • Usability group Design group Skills and Experience Content group Library science Content Content providers User interfaces Users User interface design Visual design Web standards Technology Usability testing methods
  • Slide 6
  • Usability group Design group Roles & Responsibilities Content group Define key tasks Raise issues Manage project Create design iterations and prototypes Respond to issues and test results Manage issue-response process Select appropriate tests to perform Perform tests Report results Manage key-task process
  • Slide 7
  • Work Products key tasks test results issue-response designs issues What the user wants to do in the users language. Product that attempts to support users performing key tasks. Test results from Usability group and issues from Content group. Captures test-results and issues, and associates them with appropriate design group responses.
  • Slide 8
  • test results Usability group Design group Work Products Content group key tasksissueskey tasks issue-response designs
  • Slide 9
  • Design group Work Products Content group issues issue-response designs test results Usability group
  • Slide 10
  • Meetings Regular meetings (design usability) Project specific meetings (usability content, content design)
  • Slide 11
  • User Focus Usability group Design group Content group Highest No other goal than to represent the user. Medium Competes with standards, technology, time and money Medium Competes with exhaustive content, complex tasks GroupUser Focus
  • Slide 12
  • Content Group Multiple content groups, one for each project Any number of members (1-?) Every department participates - cataloging, circulation, reference, etc. Created and disbanded as needed
  • Slide 13
  • Content Group Content group activities: Define key tasks Select appropriate content Apply experience and education Observe some tests Interpret usability results Raise issues, not design solutions
  • Slide 14
  • Content Group What is a key task? Key tasks are defined as frequently asked items, frequent actions or navigation to parent/child pages. Example key tasks: Find a known article. Find a known journal. Find an article on a specific topic. Find articles on a multidisciplinary topic. Find a specific journal collection.
  • Slide 15
  • Content Group Find Articles Group Acted as content group Collected issues Categorized these issues Technology issues (website, SFX, ILL, Databases OPAC) Building, shelving & organizational Issues Subscription issues Citation problems Basic research help Librarians Created scenarios Assigned issues to various other groups
  • Slide 16
  • Design Group Reorganized in 2001 Lives in the Digital Initiatives Unit FT UI designer (MS, Computer Science) 1 FTE graphic designer (BA, Graphic Design) 1 FTE developer Responsibilities UI Design and prototyping Style guidelines Issue/response process
  • Slide 17
  • Design Group Perspective on Site Design Hide the technology Consistency across library website Task-oriented pathways Usability testing results Perspective on Page Design Essential components Prioritize Simplify Style guidelines
  • Slide 18
  • Universal Design Section 508 Web Style Guide Research-Based Web Design & Usability Guidelines Page Editors Checklist Universal design is the design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design. Ron Mace Design Group http://www.section508.gov/ http://webstyleguide.com/ http://usability.gov/guidelines/ http://www.library.rochester.edu/index.cfm?PAGE=623 Style Guidelines
  • Slide 19
  • Knowledge of databases Partial knowledge No knowledge needed Mapping your search to a subject takes you away from your natural path Find Articles Google Databases by Subject Databases A-Z Design Group User pathways
  • Slide 20
  • Design Group Models For Finding: Google 1.Enter keywords 2.Browse results by title and snippet 3.View full text
  • Slide 21
  • Design Group Models For Finding: FRBR FRBR User Tasks Find Identify Select Acquire FRBR = Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records More information: http://www.ifla.org
  • Slide 22
  • Usability Group Usability Program Began 2001 7 staff trained as usability testers Over 20 projects, large and small Testers volunteer for projects Reading, conferences, practice Vendor co-development
  • Slide 23
  • Usability Group Usability team activities: Manage key task process Design and conduct tests Maintain a lab Communicate results to staff and public
  • Slide 24
  • Manage key task process Usability Group
  • Slide 25
  • Key taskTest question Find a known journal Find an article in the Journal of Fish Biology. Find a journal collection Your friend told you there is a collection of political science journals called JSTOR. Where is it? Usability Group Manage key task process
  • Slide 26
  • Usability Group Design and conduct tests Mental model test Heuristic test Card sort test Assessment test (Click path) Scenario test See Jeff Rubin Handbook of Usability Testing, Wiley, 1994
  • Slide 27
  • Usability Group Picture of our lab Meet me at Circ!
  • Slide 28
  • Usability Group Communicate results
  • Slide 29
  • Students say: I need an article! Librarians say: Select a database This database has 435 journals in it. These journals are peer reviewed. Choose basic or advanced. These journals predate the Civil War. Culture and Politics
  • Slide 30
  • Student culture Connect at courses, not at academic disciplines Meet them where they are Students attend POL250 Conflict in Democracies They do not relate to Political Science. They do not envision themselves as political scientists. Sustainability Distributed workload (all bibliographers participate) Dynamic, database-driven pages
  • Slide 31
  • Culture and Politics Expect these accusations! Simple designs dumb down the site Testing 3 users is not enough I have to wonder if usability testing - especially for money - proves very useful input No one told me about this Where is your report? This is so subjective!
  • Slide 32
  • Culture and Politics Try these responses: Inform Page design process document Dont leave home without the toolkit Neilsons Alert Boxes Pages from Krugs Dont Make Me Think Engage Observe tests Publish results
  • Slide 33
  • River Campus Libraries Questions? Brenda Reeb, Usability David Lindahl, Digital Initiatives Susan Cardinal, Science Libraries

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