Risk Assessment of Environmental Pollutants in Korea for Soil and Groundwater Remediation
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Risk Assessment of EnvironmentalPollutants in Korea for Soil andGroundwater RemediationKyoungphile Nam a , Eun Hea Jho a & Jae Young Lee ba Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering , SeoulNational University , Seoul , Republic of Koreab Department of Environmental Engineering , University of Seoul,Seoul , Republic of KoreaPublished online: 04 Apr 2013.
To cite this article: Kyoungphile Nam , Eun Hea Jho & Jae Young Lee (2013) Risk Assessment ofEnvironmental Pollutants in Korea for Soil and Groundwater Remediation, Human and Ecological RiskAssessment: An International Journal, 19:3, 723-723, DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2013.773237
To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10807039.2013.773237
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Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 19: 723, 2013Copyright C Taylor & Francis Group, LLCISSN: 1080-7039 print / 1549-7860 onlineDOI: 10.1080/10807039.2013.773237
Risk Assessment of Environmental Pollutantsin Korea for Soil and Groundwater Remediation
Kyoungphile Nam,1 Eun Hea Jho,1 and Jae Young Lee21Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Seoul National University,Seoul, Republic of Korea; 2Department of Environmental Engineering, Universityof Seoul, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Since the 1950s, scientists have developed tools to predict the potential humanrisk from radioactive materials and food additives and a similar methodology hasbeen adapted to predict the risk posed by environmental pollutants from the early1980s. The environment is a set of media including water (i.e., surface water andgroundwater), soil, and air, thus, the interactions between the pollutants and themedium that they reside in should be considered in risk assessment of environ-mental pollutants, which makes the assessment more complicated. In an effort toovercome such difficulties, a lot of research has been conducted to establish method-ologies to represent more site-specific situations for realistic risk assessment in thesite of interest. In soil and groundwater, site-specificity is a key factor in pollutioncharacterization, remediation, and risk assessment. Since 2000, there has been a lotof attention in the field of risk assessment of soil and groundwater in Korea, andthis resulted in the paradigm shift in soil pollution regulation policy.
The main focus has been changed from pollutants concentrations in soil to re-alistic risk posed by them. Not only pollutants themselves but also adverse effectsto receptors including human beings and the ecosystem became important. TheKorean Ministry of Environment (KMOE) initiated a 10-year R&D program for soiland groundwater remediation and management named the GAIA (Geo-AdvancedInnovative Action) Project in 2008. KMOE supports about 150 million U.S. dollarsfor 10 years through the Korea Environmental Industry and Technology Institute(KEITI). Human and ecological risk assessment is one main theme of the project,which has led to great advances in research capacity of the field in Korea. Meaning-ful and successful academic accomplishments and field demonstrations have beenaccomplished. This special section of HERA, entitled Risk Assessment Approachfor Soil and Groundwater Remediation and Management in Korea contains eighttechnical articles dealing with fundamental and applied aspects of research relatedto risk assessment in Korea. They are not a comprehensive picture of risk assess-ment research and practice, but provide an indication about the current status ofrisk assessment research in Korea.
Address correspondence to Kyoungphile Nam, Department of Civil and Environmen-tal Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea. E-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org