RISE OF FORTRESS EUROPE

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RISE OF FORTRESS EUROPE. 17 May 2010. THE AXIS FORMS. 1936: Japan and Germany conclude the Anti-Comintern Pact Later expanded to include Italy 1940: Anti-Comintern Pact replaced with full-scale political and military alliance - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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RISE OF FORTRESS EUROPE17 May 2010THE AXIS FORMS1936: Japan and Germany conclude the Anti-Comintern PactLater expanded to include Italy1940: Anti-Comintern Pact replaced with full-scale political and military allianceOfficially called the Tripartite Pact, referred in short as the Axis PactGerman Military Actions1934: German militarismProducing tanks and aircraftProposed 500,000 man armyInstitute draft1936: Reoccupy Rhineland1938: Austrian Anschluss1938: SudetenlandAppeasementMilitary Actions (contd)1939: Invade Czechoslovakia1939 (August): Non-Aggression PactSigned between Soviet Union and GermanyPledge not to attack one anotherForm a secret pact: split Poland1939 (Sept. 1): Blitzkrieg of Poland begins1939 (Sept. 3): Great Britain and France declare war on GermanyFALL OF FRANCEEarly Tactics of the FrenchRemain of defensive while mobilizing military and industryOffensive after 2 3 years Rely on Maginot LineHitlers PlanDefeat Poland then quickly attack westHeld up: bad weather and plane crashThank God for the French Army Winston ChurchillDefeat of FranceMaginot Line too defensible for direct attackPrimary Attack: through Ardennes ForestSecondary Attack: Belgium and Holland Fall of FranceEvacuation of Dunkirk340,000 Allied troops evacuated between May 28 and June 4 after all other escape routes had been cut offLegacy of French DefeatPuppet govt establishedIn collaboration with GermanyDe Gaulle forms army and govt while in exileBritain now stands aloneHitler/ Effiel Tower