RISE OF FORTRESS EUROPE

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RISE OF FORTRESS EUROPE. 17 May 2010. THE AXIS FORMS. 1936: Japan and Germany conclude the Anti-Comintern Pact Later expanded to include Italy 1940: Anti-Comintern Pact replaced with full-scale political and military alliance - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • RISE OF FORTRESS EUROPE17 May 2010

  • THE AXIS FORMS1936: Japan and Germany conclude the Anti-Comintern PactLater expanded to include Italy1940: Anti-Comintern Pact replaced with full-scale political and military allianceOfficially called the Tripartite Pact, referred in short as the Axis Pact

  • German Military Actions1934: German militarismProducing tanks and aircraftProposed 500,000 man armyInstitute draft1936: Reoccupy Rhineland1938: Austrian Anschluss1938: SudetenlandAppeasement

  • Military Actions (contd)1939: Invade Czechoslovakia1939 (August): Non-Aggression PactSigned between Soviet Union and GermanyPledge not to attack one anotherForm a secret pact: split Poland1939 (Sept. 1): Blitzkrieg of Poland begins1939 (Sept. 3): Great Britain and France declare war on Germany

  • FALL OF FRANCEEarly Tactics of the FrenchRemain of defensive while mobilizing military and industryOffensive after 2 3 years Rely on Maginot LineHitlers PlanDefeat Poland then quickly attack westHeld up: bad weather and plane crashThank God for the French Army Winston Churchill

  • Defeat of FranceMaginot Line too defensible for direct attackPrimary Attack: through Ardennes ForestSecondary Attack: Belgium and Holland

    Fall of France

  • Evacuation of Dunkirk340,000 Allied troops evacuated between May 28 and June 4 after all other escape routes had been cut off

  • Legacy of French DefeatPuppet govt establishedIn collaboration with GermanyDe Gaulle forms army and govt while in exileBritain now stands alone

  • Hitler/ Effiel Tower