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  • 1. R E S U M E N D E TO D O S L O S M D U L O S H E C H O S

2. S I M P L E PA S TREGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS 3. D E F I N I T I O N : U S E T H E S I M P L E PA S T T E N S E T OT E L L A B O U T S O M E T H I N G T H AT H A P P E N E D B E F O R E N O W.REGULAR VERBS IRREGULAR VERBSSimple form Past tenseSimple form Past tense pullpulled are werelisten listened am, iswasuse usedgo wentchangechanged do, does didplayplayedseesaw 4. H E B O U G H T A P R E S E N T. 5. H E C L I M B E D A M O U N TA I N . 6. H E P L AY E D T H E G U I TA R B U T H E D I D N T P L AY THE PIANO. 7. REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS 8. Definition: We use the reflexive pronouns to indicate that the person who does the action of the verb is the same person who receives the action.Example 1: I cut my hair myself. * In this example "I" does the action of cutting the hair and at the sametime "I" gets the action of the hair being cut. Example 2: We defended ourselves brilliantly.* In this example the reflexive pronoun "ourselves" refers back to the subject of the sentence. Example 3: John talks to himself when he is nervous.* In this example "Himself" refers to John 9. ExercisesChoose the correct reflexive pronouns from the dropdown menu.1) Robert made this T-shirt _______________2) Lisa did the homework ________________3) We really enjoyed______________ very much.4) Emma, did you take the photo all by____________ ?5) I wrote this poem_____________ .6) He cut with the knife ___________while he was doing the dishes.7) The lion can defend_______________ .8) My mother often talks to_________________ .9) Tim and Gerry, if you want more milk, help_____________ .10) At Christmas friends often give _______________presents. 10. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE CASES AND FORMS 11. PRESENT PERFECT TENSEFORM: have / has + past participleAffirmative: I have seen the film before.She has seen the film before.Interrogative: Have you seen the film before?Has she seen the film before?Negative:They havent seen the film before.He hasnt seen the film before. 12. USES OF THE PRESENT PERFECT1- Recent events: It is used to describe recent events without adefinite time. We use just in positive sentences to say thatsomething happened very recently.Why are they so happy?They have just won a prize sothey are really pleased. 13. USES OF THE PRESENT PERFECT2- Personal experiences: It is used to express personalexperiences, there is not a definite time given. The timeexpressions ever and never are very often used with thismeaningHave you ever been to Japan?No, Ive never been there. 14. USES OF THE PRESENT PERFECT3- It is used to express actions which started in the past andare still continuing in the present, the time period is notfinished.I have lost my keys.(And I havent found them yet.) 15. WE OFTEN USE THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSEWITH ALREADY AND YETAlready: Something happened before now or earlier than expectedYou can use already in positive sentences. Put already before themain verb.Yet: Until now.You can use yet in negative sentences and questions. Yet is usuallyat the end.Example: A) Have you done your homework yet? B) No, I havent done it yet. / Yes, Ive already done it. 16. THE END