RESEARCH PAPER OUTLINE Try not. Do or do not, there is no try. -- Yoda.
Post on 28-Dec-2015
RESEARCH PAPER OUTLINE Try not. Do or do not, there is no try. -- Yoda
Introduction in Three PartsIntroduction (introduces topic in interesting way; introduces key ideas to help explain your argument) 2-3 SentencesQuoteStatisticStartling Fact
Introduction in Three Parts2. Background Information: (information to help reader understand the broad context of your topic) 2-3 Sentences
3. Thesis Statement: (your argument & road map) 1 Sentence
Body Paragraphs Supporting Argument #1/#2TOPIC SENTENCEEVIDENCE (A) *Insert 1-2 quotes found in sourcesEVIDENCE (B) *Insert 1-2 quotes found in sourcesEVIDENCE (C) *Insert 1-2 quotes found in sources
How does this PROVE your thesis?You should be able to write the answer to this question at the end of EACH section for your supporting arguments!
Body Paragraphs Opposing Argument: This is where you explain the arguments AGAINST your thesis, and REFUTE the argument of your thesis and supporting statements.
Oppose thesis *Insert 1-2 quotes found in sourcesOppose supporting idea #1 *Insert 1-2 quotes found in sourcesOppose supporting idea #2 *Insert 1-2 quotes found in sources
ConclusionConclusion: (restate thesis, summarize main points, offer insight to the larger significance of your topic and thesis)
Note: Follow the instructions, closely! DO NOT write this outline according to your personal preferences; that course of action will result in a FAILING grade!
Sample Outline Introduction1. Introduction: Introduce your argument and end with your thesis statement.a. Set the scene b. Include background information that helps the reader understand your positionc. Thesis Statement: 1. provable, 2. arguable, 3. how you will prove your argument (Road map)
Example: Thesis StatementTOPIC: How did Great Depression affect the unity of the United States? Despite the unifying messages of hope from President Franklin Roosevelt, the Great Depression pulled the country apart as discrimination increased, families were separated, and the division between social classes grew.
Help! What Should I Put in the Background Paragraph? Background Paragraph: Additional background information on your subject, event, person, etc. that helps the reader understand what you are writing about.a. What caused the Great Depression?b. The effort the government made to fix it New Dealc. How GD was different than previous decade
Topic Sentence S.A. #1Topic Sentence: Controlling sentence that tells you what the section/paragraph is going to be about. It is kind of like a mini-thesis in that it is an argument and you say how you will prove it.
Example: Economic hardships of the times increased the nature and extent of discrimination.
TOPIC: Economic hardships of the times increased the nature and extent of discrimination. (S.A. #1)a. Job competition1. Mexican Americansdeportations2. African Americansincreased racism, Jim Crow laws expand3. Married Womenfeared they would take away mens jobsb. Increased racial violence(list specific examples)c. Oakies faced discrimination in California (list examples)
Clincher Sentence S.A. #1 Clincher Sentence: This sentence ties what you discussed in this section to your thesis statement.
Example: The discrimination during the 1930s widened already existing divisions between race, class and gender causing further fractures in the country.
TOPIC: Another way in which the country suffered divisions was in the breakdown of the family structure. (S.A. #2)a. Hobos men left their families to look for workb. Kids left to raise themselves1. Juvenile delinquents2. Fewer children went to schoolc. Women went to worklower pay, even when theyre sole breadwinnersd. Statistics reveal family trends: Divorce rates increased, marriage and birth rates decreased
Clincher Sentence S.A. #2The family was a microcosm of the country; as traditional families disintegrated, so did the foundation of the country.
ThesisDespite the unifying messages of hope from President Franklin Roosevelt, the Great Depression pulled the country apart as discrimination increased, families were separated, and the division between social classes grew.
Opposing ArgumentsExplain the arguments against your thesis and refute them.a. FDRs role as a unifying force and inspirational speaker Refute: many felt loyal to FDR, but that didnt change their relationship with othersb. New Deal provides range of jobs Refute: jobs are mainly limited to younger white men; causes animosityc. Pop-culture (radio, film) expands to unite country with common language, experiences
ConclusionLastly, include a concluding paragraph (or paragraphs) that summarizes your main points, restates your thesis, and offers a connection to the larger historical significance of your argument or issue.
Introductory ParagraphThis paper will seek to analyze the privatization effort of Ukraine and come to a conclusion about the factors contributing to the lack of success of the attempt to reform and revive the troubled economy of the country.In the early 1990s a newly independent Ukraine, seeking to revive and reform its troubled economy, embarked on a major privatization effort. The effort largely failed. This paper analyzes Ukraine's privatization effort and the reasons for its large-scale failure.AB
Thesis StatementA key issue in America today is wealth and poverty. Over the last twenty years, rich Americans have gotten richer and the poor have gotten poorer. At the same time, the poor have been increasingly blamed and abandoned by the rest of society. Once we tried to help poor Americans up; today, though we are richer than ever before, we blame the poor for their poverty and enact policies that will keep them poor.A key issue in America today is wealth and poverty. Despite the immense differences between how the wealthiest and poorest Americans live, American culture is not marked by rigid, long-standing class divisions. Through hard work, millions of Americans who were born poor have been able to achieve prosperity for themselves and their families. America today is the most economically mobile country in the world.AB