renaissance period -another name for this period is “rebirth.” -the renaissance period was from...
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Renaissance Period -Another name for this period is Rebirth.-The Renaissance Period was from the years 1450-1600.-This period is also considered the Dominant intellectual movement.-Humanism-Focused on human life and its accomplishments. Humanists were not concerned with the afterlife. (i.e. Heaven and Hell)
Mona Lisa (top right): Painted by Leonardo Davinci between 1503 and 1506, but may have been worked on until about 1517. It is thought to be a portrait of Lisa Gheradini the wife of a wealthy silk owner who commissioned the painting.
The Birth of Venus (Bottom Right): Painted by Sandro Botticelli to depict the arrival or birth of the Roman god Venus. She is being blown ashore by the god of the west wind Zephyros and about to be clothed. It was commissioned by a wealthy Florentine banker.
1Renaissance PeriodThe Roman Catholic Church (R.C.C.) became less powerfulAristocrats (wealthy business people) and the upper middle class considered education a status symbol.The invention of printing helped accelerate both the learning and the spread of music.
Music in the Renaissance Period
Music in the Renaissance PeriodMusical texture was mostly polyphonic.Imitation was often used.The Renaissance Period is often called the Golden age of unaccompanied vocal music.Score in modern notation.Many pieces had 4,5, or 6 voice parts.A cappella - Unaccompanied vocal music.
Music in the Renaissance PeriodLarge courts might employ 30 musicians playing all types of instruments. These courts gave musicians jobs.
Renaissance PeriodEvery educated person was expected to be trained in music.Vocal music was more important than instrumental. Galliard Dance.Musicians were hired to play for churches, courts (royal and aristocratic), and towns.
Renaissance PeriodLyrics were used to create a relationship between words and music.Word Painting (Text Painting)-A musical representation of poetic images.For example-descending from heaven-the melody would start high and get lower.
Secular Renaissance MusicSecular music became more popular. One important kind of secular music was the madrigal. Madrigal A piece for several voices set to a short poem, about love. Sacred Renaissance MusicTwo main forms sacred music: -Mass Polyphonic piece of music used in church services. -Motet A polyphonic piece of music, set to the Latin text of the bible, not used in church services.
ComposersGiovani Palestrina Lived from 1525-1594Composer that devoted himself to the church. Composed the Pope Marcellus Mass.The piece was written for six voices and helped convince the church to keep polyphonic music in church services.
Composers Josquin des Prez -Lived from 1450-1521.-Composed music for the church and secular vocal pieces. -Composed the Motet: Ave Maria-Polyphonic in texture.-Uses 4 voices. -Score for Ave Maria.
Composers Thomas Weelkes - Lived from 1576-1623Was an English composer and organist. Weelkes was best know for his music especially his Madrigals. Recall the example for word painting. Another Weelkes example.
Instrumental Music More music was written for instruments during this musical era. Instrumental music was commonly used for dancing. Every cultivated person was expected to be skilled in dance. Common Renaissance instruments:-Shawm-Lute-Recorder-Trumpet-Viols (Stringed Instrument)