renaissance music (1450-1600). early and high renaissance (1450-1530) introduction –definition:...

Download Renaissance Music (1450-1600). Early and High Renaissance (1450-1530) Introduction –Definition: rebirth or revival, a restoration of vitality after a

Post on 17-Dec-2015

212 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Slide 1
  • Renaissance Music (1450-1600)
  • Slide 2
  • Early and High Renaissance (1450-1530) Introduction Definition: rebirth or revival, a restoration of vitality after a time of decline. Process of Rebirth: turned from austere medieval thought with its emphasis on religious authoritarianism to an emphasis on the pleasure of the senses (modeled in classical Greece and Rome). Humanism: an attitude placing human dignity and humane values foremost.
  • Slide 3
  • Geographical Center: Italy (City States) Florence: Lorenzo Medici Milan: Ludovico Sforza Ferrara: Ercole Este
  • Slide 4
  • Cultural and Historical Events Age of Discovery Christopher Columbus Ferdinand Magellan Columbus Magellan Columbus Voyages Magellans Voyages
  • Slide 5
  • Sir Francis Drake Sir Walter Raleigh Drake Drakes West Indian Voyage Raleigh Drake
  • Slide 6
  • Heliocentric Universe Protestant Reformation Martin Luther Henry VIII Galilei CopernicusCopernicus Universe Luthers 95 Theses Huldrych Zwingli John Calvin
  • Slide 7
  • Catholic Counter-Reformation a movement within the Catholic Church to reform itself in the wake of the Protestant Reformation Palestrinas compositions became the musical model Monarchs Henry VIIIElizabeth I Charles V Ferdinand And Isabella Phillip II
  • Slide 8
  • Inventions Printing press: Chinese, Johannes Gutenberg Clear glass and mirror Table fork GutenbergPrinting PressGutenberg Bible
  • Slide 9
  • The Visual Arts Architecture Return to Greek and Roman models Movement away from Gothic pointed arches, flying buttresses and ribbed vaulting Bramante St. Peter Bramante Brunelleschi Brunelleschis Florence Cathedral
  • Slide 10
  • St. Denis - ParisSt. Marks - Venice
  • Slide 11
  • Sculpture Important in the early and high Renaissance Movement toward portraying the body as though it were made of real muscle and bone Donatello Donatello - David Michelangelo Michelangelo - David
  • Slide 12
  • Painting While Medieval artists represented their ideas as symbols, Renaissance painters aimed for realism. Medieval painters gave us stereotypes; Renaissance, individual people. Medieval artists organized space in succeeding planes; Renaissance artists gave depth and perspective. Leonardo da Vinci Da Vinci The Last Supper Mona Lisa
  • Slide 13
  • Raphael Michelangelo Raphael Raphael - Parnassus MichelangeloMichelangelo Creation of Adam Raphael - Parnassus Sistine Chapel
  • Slide 14
  • Literature England: Edmund Spenser, William Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe France: Clement Marot, Pierre de Ronsard Italy: commedia dellarte SpencerShakespeareMarlowe
  • Slide 15
  • Music in the Renaissance Style Unlike visual arts, no extant Greek and Roman music models What they did know from the past was in two areas: stories of musics compelling effects (Doctrine of Ethos) Greek descriptions of their scales and modes Renaissance culture permeated with music Musical Genres Vocal: Mass, motet, madrigal, chansons, chorale, anthem, hymn Instrumental: dances, ricercar, chaconne
  • Slide 16
  • Musical Elements Melody: small ranges, updated chant Harmony: modal (early) to tonal (late), emergence of the triad Rhythm: steady (metered), dance rhythms (instrumental) Texture: Age of vocal polyphony; alternated homophony and polyphony (late Renaissance) Timbre: vocal and instrumental Form: binary (dances) Dynamics: blocked
  • Slide 17
  • Composers Early Renaissance: Guillaume Dufay (c.1400-1474) Sound Hallmark: Burgundian consonant sound (3rds, 6ths), fauxbourdon Kyrie Gloria Credo High Renaissance : Josquin des Prez (c. 1440-1521) Sound Hallmark: imitative polyphony; balance, purity, control and clarity; integrity of the text and unstressed dissonance Ave Maria Dufay Des Prez
  • Slide 18
  • Late Renaissance (1530-1600) Style Overview of Early and High Renaissance Early: clear melodies, sharply defined rhythms, fauxbourdon - use of 3rds and 6ths High: balance, purity, control and clarity, integrity of the text, unstressed dissonance, imitative polyphony Late Renaissance composer reveals a desire to create an emotional response in the listener composer offers a more sensuous, sonorous experience(i.e. consonant harmonies ) Textures increased from 3 or 4 to 5 or 6 voices Antiphonal choirs or instrumental groups were common
  • Slide 19
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (c. 1525-1594) universally acknowledged Renaissance master Most of his life was in the service of the church first Renaissance composer whose entire work was published as a complete edition Created an exemplary style of church music (counter reformation model) Kyrie from Pope Marcellus Mass PalestrinaPope Marcellus Mass
  • Slide 20
  • Madrigal new Italian polyphonic, secular, a capella vocal genre late Renaissances entertainment music rapidly spread north to England, France and the Netherlands Madrigal texts offered unique opportunities for composers to aptly fit the music to the text text painting, called madrigalism Thomas Morley (c. 1557-1602) Now is the Month of Maying Thomas Weelkes (c. 1575-1623) As Vesta was from Latmos Hill Descending
  • Slide 21
  • Instrumental Music subordinate to vocal music ; yet growing greatly first body of solely instrumental music originates within the Renaissance instruments mostly doubled the vocal parts In solely instrumental music, the instruments usually played together as families Instrumental Families String : viol family, lute Woodwind : transverse flute, recorder Double Reed : shawm (ancestor of the oboe, bassoon, English horn); crumhorn (reed in the mouthpiece) Brass : cornets (trumpets), sackbutt (trombone) Percussion : tambour (hand drum), tamborine, finger cymbals Keyboard : organ, harpsichord
  • Slide 22
  • String viol family, lute, harp Viol Lute Harp
  • Slide 23
  • Woodwind transverse flute, recorder, shawm, crumhorn Flute FamilyRecorder Family Crumhorn Shawm
  • Slide 24
  • Brass cornets (trumpets), sackbut (trombone), serpent (baritone) Cornetts Sackbuts Serpent
  • Slide 25
  • Percussion tambour (hand drum), tamborine, finger cymbals Tambours Tabor and Pipe
  • Slide 26
  • Keyboard organ, harpsichord, virginal Harpsichords Virginal Table Organs Organ, Germany, 1425Organ, Switzerland, 1435
  • Slide 27
  • Giovanni Gabrieli (1555-1612) Served in San Marco Cathedral, Venice Polychoral style Ricercar in the 12th mode Gabrieli

Recommended

View more >