Renaissance Art & Architecture

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Renaissance Art & Architecture . The Rebirth of Classical Ideas. Background & Phases. 1050 1350 Population growth Economic development City states 1200 late 1500s Artistic achievement. Bellini: Sacra Conversazione. Intellectual Development. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Renaissance Art &amp; Architecture The Rebirth of Classical Ideas</p></li><li><p>Background &amp; Phases1050 1350Population growthEconomic developmentCity states 1200 late 1500sArtistic achievementBellini: Sacra Conversazione</p></li><li><p>Intellectual DevelopmentHumanism: Glorify Human Form &amp; PotentialRevival of classical antiquityIndividualismSecular focus</p><p>Titian: Assumption of the Virgin</p></li><li><p>Renaissance ItalyCity-StatesPower PeopleMedici (F)Este (Ferrara)Sforza (M)Doge (V)Pope (PS)</p></li><li><p>FlorenceCommerce / TradeBanking: MediciTextilePatronage</p></li><li><p>Renaissance Art: TechniquesReligious &gt;&gt; Secular subjectsRealistic PerspectiveMovementSymmetryProportionGhirlandiao: Adoration of the Shepherds</p></li><li><p>Medieval v. Renaissance MedievalFlatReligiousStaticRenaissance3-DSecular / Human focusMovementGhirlandaio: Angel Appearing to Zacharias</p></li><li><p>Giotto de Bondone: The Mourning of ChristFlorentine School * Fresco * Individuals</p></li><li><p>Massaccio: Tribute MoneyFlorentine School * Perspective * Realism </p></li><li><p>Sandro Botticelli: Madonna of the Magnificat Expression Botticelli Face EmotionalDouble focal points: Crown + Book</p></li><li><p>Major Artists: Ninja Turtles! Raphael Michelangelo Donatello Leonardo </p></li><li><p>Raphael: Pope Leo X with Two Cardinals 1518 Vatican Murals Commissioned by Pope Julius IILeo X = Julius II successorFocal Point = Face</p></li><li><p>Raphael: The School of AthensIn the Vatican: Stanza della SignaturaBlending of Greek + RenaissanceSymmetryPerspectiveDepthLight</p></li><li><p>Leonardo da VinciRenaissance ManMulti-talentedAnatomy, mechanics, art, astronomy, weaponryChina?</p></li><li><p>Leonardo: The Last SupperFresco * Symmetry * Individual Expression</p></li><li><p>Leonardo: Mona LisaSymmetrySfumatoBlur BlendMysteryThe Grin </p></li><li><p>Leonardos NotebooksVetruvian ManAnatomy advances painting &amp; sculpture</p></li><li><p>Michelangelo: Sistine ChapelM = sculptor, painter, architectCommissioned by Pope Julius II 1508Scaffold, personally completedOld &amp; New Testament reflects the Renaissance Era</p></li><li><p>Renaissance SculptureClassical Realism Free standingMarble &amp; BronzeFull body, busts &amp; reliefs</p></li><li><p>Humanism &amp; IndividualityIndividuality portrayed in details</p></li><li><p>Ghibertis Doors - Florence1423, Florentine, he was only 23!Bronze cast + gilding20 yrs N doors25 yrs E doorsCreationRealism</p></li><li><p>Donatellos DavidFree standing nudeProportion of human form5 tall, After beating Goliath</p></li><li><p>Michelangelos DavidMarble16 tallDetailsAs David decides to battle GoliathClassical style, details</p></li><li><p>Renaissance ArchitectureColumnsArchDomeHarmony via proportionThe Circle is keyMath!</p></li><li><p>Church &amp; ArchitectureRCC builds to draw peopleTells the Biblical narrativeVisual &amp; Symbolic</p></li><li><p>Church Architecture: FlorenceSanta Maria del Fiore begun 1294 by Arnolfo di Cambio, died 1302Began cupola (cup shaped dome)</p></li><li><p>Church Architecture: FlorenceFilippo Brunelleschi, 1418 figured out how to complete ever decreasing circles with ribs to bear weightScaffolding upwards</p></li><li><p>Church Architecture: St. PetersMichelangelo hired by Pope Paul III in 1546 worked until death in 1564Inside St. Peters:High AltarNave CeilingRoman arches Under DomeSingle dome with arch support</p></li><li><p>Church Architecture: Bramantes TempiettoRenaissance Greatest ArchitectCommissioned by K+Q of Spain: Ferdinand &amp; IsabellaSt. Peters death siteDoric columns + Roman dome, 15 diameter</p></li><li><p>Renaissance Writers Voice of Humanism Dante Alighieri Petrarch Boccaccio - Castiglione</p></li><li><p>Renaissance WritersDante 1265-1321Divine Comedy AllegoryVernacularPetrarch 1304-1374Sonnets in ItalianBoccaccio 1313-1375Decameron = PlagueCastiglione 1478-1529The Courtier = model</p></li><li><p>Northern Renaissance Began in Flanders &gt;&gt; HollandErasmus 1466-1536: reconcile Christian character w/ Humanism Colloquies, Adages, new Bible A. Drer Hans Holbein (Young) van Eyck</p></li><li><p>Northern RenaissanceDrer (G) 1471-1528WoodcutsMass MarketingHolbein the Younger (G) 1497-1543Portraits, Henry VIIIExpressions Van Eyck (Flem) 1390-1441Oil Paint developerRealism possible</p></li><li><p>English Renaissance: Elizabethan EraG. ChaucerCanterbury Tales: VernacularSir Th. MoreUtopia: Ideal place of virtueSpenserFaerie Queen: OdeMarlowe = playsShakespeareComedy, tragedy, morality</p></li><li><p>Renaissance ImpactGenius of humanity all at once why?Changed art &amp; architecture foreverIndividualism drives future thought</p></li></ul>