renaissance 1450-1600. renaissance in the history of music, the period from 1450 – 1600 is...
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Renaissance1450-1600RenaissanceIn the history of music, the periodfrom 1450 1600 is known as the Renaissance.The word Renaissanceliterally means rebirth.
RenaissanceThe humanism movement surfaced during the Renaissance period.
This movement focused on man and his accomplishments.
Christianity and Catholic Church were rocked by the Protestant Reformer, Martin Luther (1483 1546).
Renaissance PeriodIn the renaissance period, a trainingin music is considered a must for aneducated person.Everywhere, musicians worked intowns, courts, and churches.The size of church choirs multiplied.The choirs were predominantly male.During the Renaissance periodAlthough the church remained a patron ofmusic, the court became the center ofmusical activity.Composers were in demand by kings, dukesand princesses.The status of musicians was elevated andthey were paid higher.The leading composers came from theNetherlands.Italy was the leading music center of theRenaissance.RenaissanceThe Renaissance period issometimes referred to as TheGolden Age of Polyphony, becausevocal polyphony culminated toperfection.
IMPORTANT EVENTS THATHAPPENED DURING THERENAISSANCEEvents during theRenaissance PeriodLiterally meaning rebirth, theRenaissance became a rebirth ofclassical learning.The writings of ancient Greeks andRomans were rediscovered andreevaluated.
Events during theRenaissance PeriodThe chaotic feudal system of theMiddle Ages was replaced by thehierarchal state led by the urbanbourgeois or despotic nobles.European view of the world wasexpanded by the conquest ofChristopher Columbus and FerdinandMagellan.
Events during theRenaissance PeriodThere was a change in the views of theEarth and the cosmos as evidenced bythe astronomical studies of NicolasCopernicus and later, Galileo Galilei.The technology of printing permittedthe wider distribution of the work ofmusical composers and enabled thepublic to take a closer look at theirmusicality.
MUSICAL CONTEXT OF THERENAISSANCE PERIODMusical Concept ofRenaissanceThere has been no increase inpatronage of music greater than inthe Renaissance period.Music was supported to a degreenot previously seen by the civicgovernment and the rich courts.Religious institutions also supportedmusic.
Musical Concept ofRenaissanceThere was an exchange of musicbetween the conquered and theconqueror. The Renaissance periodexperienced territorial expansionsby Europeans and increased wealthto European nations.Musical Concept ofRenaissanceColonial expansion resulted in theflowing of great wealth in Europeancities. An international musical stylewas created due to travel and tradeof people to different Europeancountries.
Musical Concept ofRenaissanceDue to the increased interest inhumanist learning, music became anexperience art. Because of thedevelopment of the printing press,music and its literature becameavailable to the people.THE DISTINGUISHINGCHARACTERISTICS OFRENAISSANCE MUSICCharacteristics ofRenaissance MusicThe repertoire of instrumentalmusic expanded and the invention ofnew musical instruments abound.The instruments of the period wereenhanced.Secular music was rising and wasmore civilized, but spiritual musicstill occupied a dominant positionduring the period.Characteristics ofRenaissance MusicMusical harmony was moreexpressive and unrestrained duringthe Renaissance as compared withthe medieval period.
Polyphonic TechniqueAn important polyphonic technique,imitation, surfaced. Imitation occurswhen one musical line shares orimitates the sung musical theme of thepreceding line. This gives the listenersthe ability to decipher the musicalcompositions structure. TheRenaissance period between JoaquinDeprez and Palestrina was known asthe golden age of the polyphony.Vocal PolyphonyVocal polyphony culminated to a highdegree of perfection with equalimportance given to four or morevoices. The main forms of spiritualpolyphony are the masses and themotets. Motets, madrigals, and songsusually accompanied by a lute or asmall orchestra were the secular vocalforms. Short polyphonics or dancingmusic were the instrumental works ofthe Renaissance period.Characteristics ofRenaissance MusicThe use of church modes ormodality still predominates sacredand secular music.There is the prevalence in musicalcompositions of clarity, balance andeuphony in moderation. There are noextreme contracts in rhythm andtone color.
Characteristics ofRenaissance MusicMusical literature flourished due tothe innovation of printing press.Acapellasinging in the church musicdeveloped. It is singing withoutaccompaniment or chorus withoutinstrumental backup.THE VOCAL FORMS DURINGTHE RENAISSANCEMotetIt is one of the most important forms ofpolyphonic music form in circa 1250 1750.A motet is an unaccompanied choralaccompaniment based on a Latin sacredtext and designed to be performed in theCatholic service, chiefly at vespers.The renaissance motet is a unified piecewith all voices singing the same text. It isserious and primarily designed for worshipservices
MassMass is a music for the Catholic churchworship. The leading Italian composer ofthe Renaissance period was GiovanniPierluigu da Palestrina (1525 1594). Hewrote music for the Catholic church whichwere highly regarded as models of churchmusic because of their serenity.One of Palestrinas best masses was PopeMarcellus Mass written for an acapellachoir of a soprano, alto, two tenors, andtwo bases. The six voices imitate eachother and blend well.MadrigalThe madrigal is an important secularvocal music of the Renaissance period.It is a musical composition for solovoices. Its subject is sentiment and love. It is sung at socialgatherings in the court and meetingsof artistic and learned societies, unlikethe motets which are sung in church.It is accompanied by a lute or aharpsichord.
MadrigalApril is in My Mistress Face byThomas Morley is a well knownEnglish Madrigal.The madrigal began in Italy andswept England.
THE BASIC INSTRUMENTOF THE RENAISSANCEInstrumentsThe singing of secular music isaccompanied by instruments.
LuteOne of the mostpopular instrumentalsof the Renaissance isthe lute which isplayed by plucking.It has a pear shapedbody, frets and avarying number ofstrings. Its peg isslanted back sharplyfrom the rest of theinstrument.
Giovanni Da Palestrina
Palestrina (1525 1594),an Italian, considered asthe prolific writer ofsacred vocal polyphony,wrote masses, motels,hymns, and other sacredworks for the CatholicChurch.
Orlando di Lasso
Di Lasso (1532 1594), aFlemish composer, wrotemusical compositions ofsacred and secular nature.He is subjective andpassionate in his creations.Di Lasso wrote Italianmadrigals, Latin massesand motets, and Germanlieder.The Penitential Psalms ofDavid is a Lasso creation.
Monteverdi (1567 1643), an Italiancomposer, composedmusic for operasutilizing chordalaccompaniment. Amonghis works are theReturn of Ulysses andThe Coronation ofPoppea.ReviewRenaissance Period is from 1450 1600.Renaissance means rebirth.Vocal forms are motet, mass, andmadrigal.The lute is the basic instrument of theRenaissance period.The composers are Giovanni daPalestrina, Orlando di Lasso andClaudio Monteverdi.Quiz1.This term literally means rebirth.2.This is the basic instrument of theRenaissance period.3.Other term for the Renaissance period; Thiswas named so because vocal polyphonyculminated to perfection during Renaissance.4.He was considered as the prolific writer ofsacred vocal polyphony. He wrote masses,motels, hymns, and other sacred works forthe Catholic Church.5.Leading music center of Renaissance.