religion & renaissance. babylonia influenced greek, egyptian, jewish, and arab thought

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Religion & Renaissance Slide 2 Babylonia influenced Greek, Egyptian, Jewish, and Arab thought. Slide 3 Persian Zoroastrianism Was the first monotheistic religion recorded in history Slide 4 Hebrew Philosophy must be understood in light of radical monotheism. The Jews were exiled from Judea in 70 A.D. They spread throughout Europe, bringing their ideas with them Slide 5 1 st 3 rd Century Followers of Jesus, the Christ (or king) became known as Christians Slide 6 Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire and became the dominant religion of Europe Slide 7 Christianity split into two different branches: Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Slide 8 7 th Century Followers of Muhammad, the prophet, became known as Moslems After Muhammad died, Islam split into 2 different branches: Shia and Sunni Islam spread throughout the Middle East and became the second largest religion in the world. Slide 9 Todays belief systems Christianity Islam Non-religious Hinduism Chinese Religions Primal faiths Buddhism Sikhism Judaism Slide 10 Islam Muhammad - Prophet of Islam, died in 632 C.E. Moslems followers Shia followed Ali as successor to Muhammad Sunni followed Abu Bakr as successor Muhammad Slide 11 Sunni = 85% Shia = 15% Slide 12 Umayyad Caliphate 661-750 c.e. The capital of the Umayyad Caliphate was in Damascus, Syria. Slide 13 A caliphate is an Islamic State A caliph (successor to Muhammad) is the political, religious, and absolute ruler Abu Bakr, the first Sunni Caliph Slide 14 The Renaissance Europe 1300s 1600s Slide 15 Renaissance means rebirth A period of creativity that followed Europes Middle Ages a rebirth of interest in classical (Greek & Roman) art, literature and writing. The School of Athens, by Raphael Slide 16 Scientific Revolution Interest in Classical Greek and Roman thinking led to a renewed interest in logic and reason