reli 2750 a1

Download RELI 2750 A1

Post on 06-Jan-2016

216 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Carleton notes

TRANSCRIPT

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    1/50

    RELI 2750 A

    SIKHISMCollege of the Humanities

    Carleton University

    1

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    2/50

    OUTLINE OF THE COURSE

    1. Lives of the Sikh Gurus

    2 GURU GRANH SAH!" # Sikh S$ri%ture

    &. ea$hings of Sikhism' (ay of Life' Sikh !nstitutions

    ). Sikhs in Cana*a+ Arrival' Settlement' !ssues , Con$erns' -omagata aru

    2

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    3/50

    EXAMINATIONS/TERM PAPER

    1. !n Class /0amination 1. Hours 3

    2. !n Class /0amination 1. Hours3

    &. 4inal /0am 1. Hours3

    &

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    4/50

    GURU NANAK[1469-1539 -70 !RS

    THE FOUN"ER OF SIKHISM

    "orn+ al5an*i Rai "hoi NAN-ANA SAH!" # !n*ia 6no5 7akistan84AH/R+ ehta -alu 69. 1)):8 "e*i; 7at5ari 6Lan* A$$ountant8 to ?airam of Sultan%ur

    arrie* in 1)@> to ata SULA-HN!5o Sons+ "a9a Sri Chan* 61))#1=128 an* "a9a Lakhmi *as 61)@>#18

    /*u$ation+ Rukh#e*#Bin+ Ara9i$' 7ersian an* Religion Go%al 7an*it+ Arithmeti$' "ook kee%ing 7t. "rinath+ Sanskrit' usi$ ' Religion

    /arly Life 4armer 1)@#1:)8 9egins to ask Duestions a9out Life> 7an*it tea$hes for a *ay aivi tea$hes for a *ay HR/AB Ceremony Be$line*12 arrie*1 (ife oins in Sultan%ur1:)#> Stays in Sutan%ur

    )

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    5/50

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    6/50

    =

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    7/50>

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    8/50

    GURU NANAK ######

    Calling River "ein in$i*ent August' 1:> No 6ko8 Hin*u na usalman

    ?ourneys of Guru Nanak1:>#1211st U*assi+ 1:>#11: /ast' S. !n*ia an* Ceylon

    2n* U**asi+ 11:#11

    &r* U*assi+ 11#1>+ Himalayas' i9et)th U**asi+ 11>#121 5est' e$$a an* e*ina

    -ARAR7UR for 1> Eears 4oun*e* in 121

    1st Gur*5ara 6Bharmsala' Nanak%anthis8' 1st Langar' 1st S$hool.

    Hymns $om%ose*+ >) in 1 raags aor hymns+ ?a%i' Asa *i Far' "ara ah' Si*h Gost

    (rote in 7una9i' Sanskrit' 7ersian an* Len*hi

    B!/B in -artar%ur in 1&; a%%ointe* "hai Lehna Guru Anga* as su$$essor.

    R/AB+ Cole , Sam9hi %. @#1@ an* Sutantar Singh %. =

    @

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    9/50

    U"ASIS OF GURU NANAK

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    10/50

    MOOLMANTAR

    1:

    /k onkar; Sat nam;Carta %urakh; Nir9hau; Nir vair; Akalmurat; Ani sai9hang;Gur%rasa*.

    !l est un' Son Nom est Frit'!l est le $rteur *e tous.!l est sans %eur' sans inimiti'!! est immortel' ternel'!l e0iste %ar lui#mIme' 7ar sa gra$e.

    here is

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    11/50

    oolmantar

    hese @ 5or*s are the Sikh Cree*;

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    12/5012

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    13/50

    FAMIL! TREE OF GURU NANAK

    1&

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    14/50

    TEACHINGS OF GURU NANAK

    oolmantar+ Rea*+ Singh' 7. )@#1

    # (orshi%

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    15/50

    GURU ANGA" SAHI

    1504-1552 [351348NANAK II

    PROPHET OF "EOTION

    "efore $oming to Guru Nanak 5as kno5n as "hai Lehna 4ather + "a9a 7heru other+ ata Sa9ri 6ata Baya -aur8 "orn at atae *i Saraai' 4eroK%ur' move* to Harike an* then settle* in -HABUR'Amritsar

    "usinessman 9y tra*e; Guru at the age of &

    Stu*ie*+ Languages' Religion' Arithmeti$ an* Sanskrit Bis$i%le of ata an* visite* ?5alamukhi tem%le every year. arriage+ ata -hivi in 11 Chil*ren + "a9a Basu 612)8' "a9a Battu 61&>8' "i9i Amro 61&28 an* "i9i Anokhi 61&8 eeting 5ith Guru Nanak# Hear* ?oga singing Guru Nanaks hymn in 1&2 an* never lefthim

    A%%ointe* su$$essor in 1& 9y Guru Nanak an* $alle* himself Nanak !!

    C

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    16/50

    FAMIL! OF GURU ANGA"

    1=

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    17/50

    GURU AMAR"AS SAHI

    1479-1574 [732295

    NANAK III

    4ather+ "a9a e "han other+ ata Lakho "orn in 1)> at "aserke

    arrie* to ata ansa Bevi in 1:2 Chil*ren+ ohan 61218' ohri 61228 "i9i Bani 6M18 an* "i9i "hani 61&)8

    "usiness+ er$hant an* 4armer

    et Guru Anga* after hearing "i9i Amro sing Guru Nanaks hymn.

    Live* in Goin*5al an* 9e$ame Guru in 12 C

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    18/50

    /sta9lishe* .....2 anis

    A ani is a $entre of A*ministration an* %rea$hing

    he hea* of a ani is $alle* a asan* $olle$ts *as5an*

    61O1:8 of in$ome 5hi$h a Sikh is su%%ose* to *onate forCharity an* 9rings it to the Guru

    4ormaliKe* the gathering of the Sikhs at Amritsar at Fasakhian* Be5ali

    Colle$te* hymnsof %revious Gurs an* together 5ith his o5n5rote Pohan 7othisQ so $alle* 9e$ause his son ohan$laime* these an* %roe$te* himself as the fourth guru ofthe Sikhs.

    1@

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    19/50

    FAMIL! OF GURU AMAR"AS

    1

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    20/50

    GURU RAM"AS1534-1581 [40747

    NANAK I

    "orn in 1&) at Choona an*i' Lahore an* 5as kno5n as "hai ?ethi

    4ather+ "a9a Hari*as other+ ata Baya -aur

    arrie* to "!"! "HAN! in 1& hree $hil*ren+ 7rithi Chan* 61@8' aha*ev 61=:8 an* Aran 6 1=&8 /*u$ation+ religion an* usi$

    Sol*+ "oile* Grams for a living until he $ame to meet Guru Amar*as in 1)=

    "e$ame Guru in1>) C

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    21/50

    FAMIL! OF GURU RAM"AS

    21

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    22/50

    GURU AR&AN SAHI1563-1606 [182543

    NANAK

    7arentage+ Eoungest son of Guru Amar*as an* ata "hani Baughter' 5ife'other' Gran* other an* Great Gran* other of a Guru

    4irst Sikh Guru' "orn in Goin*5al in 1=& He ha* t5o ol*er 9rothers + 7rithi Chan* an* aha*ev

    /*u$ation+ Languages' Religion' History an* usi$

    arrie* ata Ganga in 1> at the age of 1=. His only $hil* 5as Hargo9in*69orn in 18

    "e$ame Guru 1@1+ a s$holar' a*ministrator' an ar$hite$t an* a *ivine

    C

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    23/50

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    24/50

    artyr*om+ 4irst artyr of Sikhism also the 4irst Guru to9e martyre* 6se$on* 5as Nanak !8

    # /nemity of 7rithi Chan* # Chan*u Shaha

    # Suahi -han 69e$ause uslims 5ere $onverting toSikhism8

    # Sheikh Sirha*i 6Be$lare* the Guru a -afir an*5ante* him to 9e$ome a uslim or *eath8 *in illahi

    2)

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    25/50

    GURU AR&AN SAHI#####

    ells "a9a "u**ha to let Hargo9in* 9e arme*

    Guru "lesse* 7ri$e -husrau 69rother of ?ahangir8

    Guru 5as visite* 9y Ak9ar an* ian ir a Sufi Saint

    he fourth ugal em%eror of !n*ia' ?ahangir' ha* Guru Aran torture* an*%ut to Beath see uKuk i ?hangiri also $alle* the uKuk3

    R/AB+ Cole+ %. 2

    S. Singh %. #11

    2

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    26/50

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    27/50

    EXTRACT FROM :HEELER M#

    THACKSTON THE JAHANGIRNAMA

    2>

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    28/50

    ROGERS AN" EERI"GE)TUZUK-I-JAHANGIRI, OL 1) P# 72-3

    2@

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    29/50

    FAMIL! TREE OF GURU AR&AN

    2

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    30/50

    GURU HARGOIN" SAHI1595-1644 [113849

    NANAK I

    "orn+ 1 at (a*ali' Amritsar

    4ather+ Guru Aran

    other+ ata Ganga

    Un$le 7rithi Chan* an* aunt -armo trie* to kill him several times

    raine* in religious %hiloso%hy' languages' horse ri*ing an* 5ea%onry

    "attles+ S/F/N 9attles 1=2@#1=&3 5ith ?ahangir an* Shah ?ahan

    Confine* for a9out 2 years in G5alior fort

    "uilt the Akal hakat 7oliti$al $a%ital of the Sikhs 5ith "a9a "u**haan* "hai Gur*as

    Gave the $on$e%t of !R!#7!R! iri means tem%oral' 7iri means s%iritual3 4oun*e* -irat%ur

    7erio* of Gurushi% &@ years

    Last Eears of his life in -irat

    &:

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    31/50

    LIFE OF NANAK I

    Guru 9orn in 1; marrie* in 1=:); 9e$ame Guru in 1=:=; 9uilt the Akalhakat in 1=:@; still un*er ?ahangirs arrest or*er 9ut nothing *one; Guru$onsoli*ates 6raises army' gathers arms' 9uil*s fort' %lanning militarystrength8; re%orts of the in$reasing might rea$he* ?ahangir' Guruarreste*' aile* in G5alior 4ort for a9out 2 years; release* 5ith 2 other$hiefs; arrives ASR an* lives Duietly until *eath of ?ahangir 61=#1=2>8

    ravels in 7una9 an* -ashmir' 9uil*s -irat%ur

    Shah?ahan6 12#1===8 9e$omes em%eror in 1=2>

    "attles of the Guru+ Amritsar' 61=2@8' Hargo9in*%ur 61=28' Lahira 61=&:8'Gurusar 61=&18' -artar%ur 61=&)8 an* -irat%ur 6T8 an* one other skirmish61=218

    ove* to -irat%ur in 1=&) Buring the last years of his life lost & sons 5ante* to a%%oint Gur*itta

    as the su$$essor 9ut he *ie* in 1=&@

    A%%ointe* HAR RA! younger gran* son as Nanak F!!

    &1

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    32/50

    FAMIL! TREE GURU HARGOIN" SAHI

    &2

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    33/50

    GURU HAR RAI1630-1666 [141731

    NANAK II

    4ather+ Gur*itta other+ ata Nihal -aur

    "orn in -irat%ur' younger of t5o 9rothers ol*er 9rotherBhirmal 5ho took %ossession of Guru Granth Sahi9 an**e$lare* himself as the guru3

    arrie* ata -rishan -aur; t5o sons Ramrai an*HAR-R!SHAN

    4ollo5ing $om%laints of Bhirmal an* Ulma summone* 9yAurangKe9 61=1@#1>:>8 Guru sent his son Ramrai 5ho*istorte* the s$ri%ture; Guru never again met him;

    AurangKe9 kee%s Ramrai in $ourt

  • 7/17/2019 RELI 2750 A1

    34/50

    FAMIL! OF GURU HARRAI

    &)