reform movements organizations intended to make things better

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REFORM MOVEMENTS ORGANIZATIONS INTENDED TO MAKE THINGS BETTER Slide 2 Woman Suffrage & Equal Rights PROBLEM WOMEN DID NOT HAVE THE RIGHT TO VOTE IMPROVEMENTS WERE NEEDED IN THE SCHOOL SYSTEM, PUBLIC HEALTH, CARE FOR DEPENDENT & DELINQUENT CHILDREN, SAFETY IN COMMUNITIES & PROTECTION FOR WORKING WOMEN CORRUPT & INEFFICIENT GOVERNMENTS WOMEN WANTED TO SERVE ON JURIES AND HOLD POLITICAL OFFICE Slide 3 Woman Suffrage & Equal Rights POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS CONVENTIONS TO BRING ABOUT PUBLIC AWARENESS ENFRANCHISEMENT OF WOMEN SPONSOR LECTURES, DISRTRIBUTE PAMPHLETS, SUPPORT PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES IN BEHALF OF THE WAR EFFORT DURING WORLD WAR I TO GAIN SUPPORT. Slide 4 Woman Suffrage & Equal Rights RESULT NINETEENTH AMENDMENT TO THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION WAS PASSED TEXAS EQUAL SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION, TEXAS EQUAL RIGHTS ASSOCIATION, TEXAS CONGRESS OF PARENTS AND TEACHERS, TEXAS FEDERATION OF WOMENS CLUBS WERE ESTABLISHED IMPROVEMENTS IN CHILD WELFARE, CHILD LABOR LEGISLATION WAS PASSED, IMPROVEMENTS IN MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTHCARE, TEACHER CERTIFICATION, FUNDING FOR WOMENS SCHOLARSHIPS AND WOMENS DORMITORIES AT UNIVERSITIES, TRAVELING LIBRARIES AND PERMANENT LIBRARIES, TEXAS HISTORY BECAME A REQUIRED SUBJECT IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS, BETTER TREATMENT FOR THE CRIMINALLY INSANE, FOSTER HOMES FOR CHILDREN WERE ESTABLISHED, MARRIED WOMENS PROPERTY RIGHTS WERE PROTECTED, JURY SERVICE FOR WOMEN, AND HISTORICAL PRESERVATION OF THE ALAMO, SAM HOUSTONS HOME AND THE GOVERNORS MANSION. Slide 5 Woman Suffrage & Equal Rights NOTABLE INDIVIDUALS ANNETTE FINNIGAN DR. GRACE DANFORTH REBECCA HENRY HAYES MRS. ANNA PENNYBACKER KATE STURM McCALL ROTAN Slide 6 Prohibition PROBLEM LIQUOR PROMOTED: CRIME POVERTY IMMORALITY NEGLECT AND ABUSE OF FAMILY MEMBERS Slide 7 Prohibition POSSIBLE SOLUTION TOTAL ABSTINENCE FROM ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES PUT LIQUOR DEALERS OUT OF BUSINESS ALCOHOL EDUCATION IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS Slide 8 Prohibition RESULT WOMANS CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION & TEXAS ANTI-SALOON LEAGUE WERE ESTABLISHED EIGHTEENTH AMENDMENT TO THE U.S. CONSTITUTION WAS PASSED & A STATE PROHIBITION AMENDMENT WAS PASSED INCREASE OF DRY COUNTIES Slide 9 Prohibition NOTABLE INDIVIDUALS FRANCES WILLARD ARTHUR J. BARTON BENJAMIN FRANKLIN RILEY HELEN M. STODDARD THOMAS HENRY BALL CHARLES H. JENKINS Slide 10 Prison Reform PROBLEM NO PRISONER REHABILITATION CONVICT LEASE SYSTEM NO EDUCATIONAL OR INDUSTRIAL TRAINING PROGRAMS NO RECREATIONAL PROGRAMS POOR MEDICAL CARE & POOR NUTRITION POOR FACILITIES-EXPOSURE TO FLOODING & DISEASE OVERCROWDING & JUVENILES & ADULTS INCARCERATED TOGETHER Slide 11 Prison Reform POSSIBLE SOLUTION REPLACE CURRENT MANAGERS/ ADMINISTRATORS BUILD MORE PRISON FACILITIES STATE NO LONGER CONTROLS THE PRISON SYSTEM-LEASE THE SYSTEM TO A PRIVATE COMPANY TO OPERATE AND RUN THE PRISON FACILITIES BUILD JUVENILE FACILITIES Slide 12 Prison Reform RESULT THE TEXAS COMMITTEE ON PRISONS & PRISON LABOR CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF THE PRISONS PRISON LEASE SYSTEM & CONVICT LEASE SYSTEM WAS ABOLISHED NEW NINE-MEMBER BOARD OF DIRECTORS- TEXAS PRISON BOARD WAS ESTABLISHED EXPANDED EDUCATIONAL & RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES; IMPROVED NUTRITION; IMPROVED FACILITIES BOYS REFORMATORIES WERE CREATED Slide 13 Prison Reform NOTABLE INDIVIDUALS MINNIE F. CUNNINGHAM RABBI HENRY COHEN MARY E. BRACKENRIDGE ELIZABETH SPEER JANE Y. McCALLUM CHARLES S. POTTS GEORGE W. BRIGGS DR. A. C. SCOTT Slide 14 NAACP PROBLEM PHYSICAL AND VERBAL ABUSES AGAINST AFRICAN-AMERICANS REVIVAL OF THE KKK RACIAL SEGREGATION IN ALL ASPECTS OF LIFE RESTRICTIVE VOTER REGISTRATION LAWS, POLL TAX AND WHITE PRIMARIES Slide 15 NAACP POSSIBLE SOLUTION PRESS FOR RACIAL EQUALITY THROUGH LITIGATION PROVIDE LEGAL ASSISTANCE AND FUNDING NATIONAL PUBLIC AWARENESS PURSUE RIGHTS THROUGH CIVIC, POLITICAL, RELIGIOUS, BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL GROUPS Slide 16 NAACP RESULT INCREASED INVOVEMENT IN THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF COLORED PEOPLE AND THE TEXAS ASSOCIATION OF COLORED WOMENS CLUBS ESTABLISHMENT OF STATE HOMES AND TRAINING SCHOOLS FOR DELINQUENT AFRICAN-AMERICAN GIRLS SEVERAL LAW SUITS WERE WON IN FAVOR OF THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN IN THE UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT AFRICAN-AMERICAN NEWSPAPERS AND CHURCH GROUPS DENOUNCED SEGREGATION AND WHITE OPPRESSION Slide 17 NAACP NOTABLE INDIVIDUALS J. A. GRUMBLES ANTONIO MACEO SMITH ADA BELL DeMENT GEORGE WRIGHT CUNEY Slide 18 Brotherhood of Timber Workers PROBLEM COMPANY TOWNS LONG HOURS, LOW PAY UNSAFE WORKING CONDITIONS CUT-OUT-GET-OUT POLICY UNANNOUNCED PAYCUTS & IRREGULAR PAYDAYS Slide 19 Brotherhood of Timber Workers POSSIBLE SOLUTION ORGANIZE UNIONS THE BROTHERHOOD OF TIMBER WORKERS ESTABLISH WORKERS COMPENSATION SYSTEM ESTABLISH A FORESTRY PROGRAM IMPROVED COMMUNICATIONS Slide 20 Brotherhood of Timber Workers RESULT MILL OWNERS FORMED TRADE ASSOCIATIONS TO BLOCK FORMATION OF UNIONS DISUNITY AMONG THE WORKERS CAUSED LACK OF EFFECTIVE UNIONS TEXAS FORESTRY ASSOCIATION WAS FORMED BROTHERHOOD OF TIMBER WORKERS STAGED STRIKES AND WALKOUTS; MERGED WITH THE INDUSTRIAL WORKERS OF THE WORLD; AND EVENTUALLY FAILED Slide 21 Brotherhood of Timber Workers NOTABLE INDIVIDUALS JOHN HENRY KIRBY JAY SMITH ARTHUR LEE EMERSON TH0MAS L. L. TEMPLE W. A. PICKERING ROBERT A. LONG

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