redtrain parent first aid - paediatric first aid for parents

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Occupational First Aid

1First Aid for ChildrenYour Instructor

Nevan Mulvihill

Your Instructor: Nevan Mulvihill087 946 2865www.facebook.com/redtrain.ie

Parent First Aid

1

2Main causes of death in childrenChoking, Drowning, Poisoning, Suffocation,Trauma

5 Main causes of mortalityIn children

2

3Patient AssessmentDangerResponseAirwayC-SpineBreathingCirculation

Primary Survey

3

Paediatric Chain of Survival

4Prevention of arrestEarly CPR 2 minutes if unwitnessedEarly Activation of Emergency Services 999/112Early Advanced Life SupportEarly Post-Resuscitation care

CPR

5

Infant Choking repeat 5 back slaps & 5 chest compressions until object clearsBack Slaps

Chest Compressions

6

7Treatment for Poisons (999)Primary SurveyIF CONSCIOUSDo not induce vomitingIf the casualty has swallowed a corrosive Give small sips of water or milk to drinkPrimary SurveyIF UNCONSCIOUSRecovery positionMonitor vital signs / Keep samplesUrgent removal to hospitalBe prepared to resuscitateAvoid becoming contaminated The National Poisons Information Centre can be contacted at Beaumont Hospital telephone 01 - 8092568

7Treatment for Poison

7

8Common Childhood illnessAsthma

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Seizures in children main causesFebrile ConvulsionsEpilepsyHead InjuryLack of OxygenStroke

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(c)2006 First on Scene Training Supplies, All Rights Reserved.9

10

Picture: Many Thanks to the Anaphylaxis Campaign.AnaphylaxisAnxiety

Blotchy skin

Swelling of face

Swelling of neck

Puffiness around eyes

Breathing difficulties

Rapid pulse11Anaphylaxis

(c)2006 First on Scene Training Supplies, All Rights Reserved.11

12Treatment of Severe AllergiesRelieve BreathingIf trained use Epi-pen 99912

12

Concussion

Compression

Unconsciousness for a short period, followed by an increase in levels of response and recovery.

Could have a history of recent head injury with apparent recovery, but then deteriorates

Short term memory loss (particularly of the incident). Confusion, irritability.

Levels of response become worse as condition develops

Mild, general headache.

Intense headache.

Pale, clammy skin.

Flushed, dry skin.

Shallow / normal breathing.

Deep, noisy, slow breathing.(Pressure on the respiratory control area of the brain)

Rapid, weak pulse. (Blood diverts away from the extremities)

Slow, strong pulse. (Caused by raised blood pressure)

Normal pupils, reacting to light.

One or both pupils dilate as pressure increases on the brain.

Possible nausea or vomiting on recovery.

Condition becomes worse. Fits may occur. No recovery.

Serious Head injuries13

(c)2006 First on Scene Training Supplies, All Rights Reserved.13

14Management of a Head Injury:

Ensure A c, B CTreat all life threatening injuriesMonitor vital signsHead to toe surveyPrevent chillingIf UNCONSCIOUS due to trauma Consider spinal injury and treat

Refer to attached pocket guide on concussion

(c)2006 First on Scene Training Supplies, All Rights Reserved.14

PEEPosturelevatexamineressure

Bleeding15Treatment of Bleeding

(c)2006 First on Scene Training Supplies, All Rights Reserved.15

16Nose BleedBreath through MouthPinch below bridge of NoseHave casualty lean forwardTry not to speak, sniff, swallow, or spitCheck after 10 minutesDo not blow nose for a few hoursSeek Medical Attention if bleeding persists for more than 30 minutes16Treatment of Nose Bleed

16

RICEestceompressionlevation

Sprains and strainsIF IN DOUBT - TREAT AS A FRACTURE !17Sprain or Strain Treatment

(c)2006 First on Scene Training Supplies, All Rights Reserved.17

18

Hypoglycaemia - TreatmentIf Concious : Talk to them, encourage them to check sugar levels.Ask if they should take sugar / food / drinks.Seek Medical Attention

If Unconcious :Call 999 / 112 and Ensure ABCPlace patient in recovery positionMonitor vital signs / Prevent chillingLook for other causes18Treatment of DiabeticsHypoglyacemic low blood sugar levels

18

19Electrical Injuries - TreatmentMake sure scene is safe

Primary Survey

Burns often full thickness

Multiple burns possible

Activate EMS19Treatment for burns

19

COOL! 10 -15 Minutes cool Running Water

REMOVE Jewellery and clothing

DRESS non adherent

Burns treatment

20

(c)2006 First on Scene Training Supplies, All Rights Reserved.20

21Low Current VoltageREMOVE PLUG DO NOTtouch casualty if he/she is still in contact with electrical currentTry to use a telephonedirectory or something similar as a insulatorDO NOT use any metal object to push away electrical source, use a wooden object21Treatment for Electric Shock

21

22Common Childhood illnessChicken Pox

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Red Flag early warning signs!Cold hands and feetPain in the limbs or jointsAbnormal skin colour (pallor or mottling)Other signs, which can occur later:Fever and vomitingRash that doesnt fade with tumbler testDrowsiness or lowered levels of consciousnessSevere headacheStiff neck (rare)Dislike of bright lights (rare)Meningitis

23Meningitis

(c)2006 First on Scene Training Supplies, All Rights Reserved.23

Meningitis doesnt disappear under a glass if in doubt arrange transport to hospital24

(c)2006 First on Scene Training Supplies, All Rights Reserved.24

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