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  • Ocean Aero Inc., PROPRIETARY/CONFIDENTIAL

    Recent Advances Utilizing Autonomous Underwater, Surface and Aerial Vehicles for Operational Field Logistics

    Neil Trenaman Eric Patten

    October 5th 2017

    PACIFIC 2017 International Maritime Conference October 3-5

    Sydney, Australia

  • ANTX 2016 “Cross Domain Communications and Command & Control”

    Annual Naval Technology Exercise (ANTX) 2016 Theme

    • Common Air, Surface & Subsea Control System Exercise

    • Participants at ANTX 2016 demonstrated the benefit of combining operations across these domains to optimize the Navy’s collective effectiveness throughout the maritime environment

    • The event highlighted communication and command and control, the connecting links that allows the disparate parts to operate collectively, such that the contribution of each will enhance the effectiveness of the greater whole

  • Common Air, Surface and Subsea Control System Exercise

  • SCOPE AND OUTCOME OF THE EXERCISE.

    During the 2016 Annual Navy Technology Exercise (ANTX) in Rhode Island’s Narragansett Bay, a three-day Naval exercise conducted by Lockheed Martin and Ocean Aero Inc.

    The purpose was to demonstrate an alternative to the traditional U.S. Navy chain of command, deferring administrative mission control from Naval and Air Force commanders to a series of coordinating autonomous vehicles.

    During the display, an unmanned surface vehicle coordinated the launch of an unmanned aerial vehicle from an unmanned submersible — the world’s first multi- domain, autonomous unmanned vehicle chain.

    Common Air, Surface and Subsea Control System Exercise

  • Participating technologies

    Ocean Aero Submaran™ S10 hybrid ASV/AUV • The Ocean Aero Submaran™ S10 is the first wind and

    solar-powered hybrid autonomous unmanned surface and subsurface vehicle designed for extended autonomous ocean observation and data collection

    • Hull length of 4.2m (13.8’) • Payload capacity of 23kg (50lbs) • Top speed of 5.5kts • Submergence Depth of 10m (30’) • Transition from surface sailing to fully submerged in 2-3

    minutes • The Submaran™ S10 is ideally suited for autonomous

    missions that require speed, stealth, long endurance and persistence under demanding ocean conditions

  • Lockheed Martin “Marlin Mk2” AUV

    • The Marlin MK2 is a battery powered, fully autonomous underwater vehicle

    • 10 feet long with a 250-pound payload capacity

    • 18 to 24 hours’ endurance, depth rating of 1000 feet

    • weighs approximately 2,000 pounds

    • Its open architecture design and modularity allow new mission packages to be quickly integrated into Marlin to meet emerging customer needs.

    Participating technologies

  • Lockheed Martin “Vector Hawk” UAV

    • Lockheed Martin’s Vector Hawk is designed for canister or hand-launch in all-weather, maritime environments

    • Vector Hawk is capable of fully autonomous flight and landing

    • The four-pound Vector Hawk can fly for 70-plus minutes, at line-of-sight ranges up to 15 kilometres

    Participating technologies

  • The exercise began with instructions from a ground control station to Ocean Aero’s Submaran™ S10 autonomous unmanned surface and subsurface vehicle (AUSSV).

    The Submaran™ S10 in turn, relayed command instructions to Lockheed Martin’s submerged Marlin MK2 autonomous underwater vehicle (UAV) via underwater acoustic communications.

    The Marlin cruised below the surface of the bay to a designated launch site as instructed.

    Once surfaced, the Marlin followed supplementary instructions to ready its payload, a canister containing a Lockheed Martin Vector Hawk a lightweight, multipurpose autonomous drone (UAV) capable of surveillance and delivering a scalable payload up to 9 miles (line of sight).

    Common Air, Surface and Subsea Control System Exercise

  • The autonomous Vector Hawk maintained communication and data linkage using adaptable high-bandwidth software-defined radio, mesh networking (including 3G, 2G, and LTE cellular), and employs over-the-air reconfiguration.

    The system also incorporates fail-safes to ensure that it can safely return to the user or auto-land when communication or power failures occur.

    Meanwhile, the Marlin and UAV transmitted electro-optical (EO) and infrared (IR) video to the Submaran™ S10, which relayed images to the ground station.

    The Submaran™ S10 provided additional surface reconnaissance and surveillance for the mission.

    Common Air, Surface and Subsea Control System Exercise

  • This is the first time that three autonomous vehicles in three different domains (air, surface, and underwater) have worked together to execute a mission.

    The operational status of each vehicle was communicated to and monitored by the ground station, allowing operators full situational awareness and control over each asset.

    The collaborative demonstration is another step forward to realizing a future where different unmanned systems work in cooperative operations to support first responders, military operations, and commercial users.

    Future civilian and military applications for the coordinating of autonomous vehicles is endless as it helps shift operational focus from commanding and coordinating vehicles to conducting the mission at hand.

    Summary

  • ANTX 2017 “Ship to Shore Maneuver Exploration and Experimentation (S2ME2)

    Exercise S2ME2 ANTX 2017 included members of industry, academia and the Naval Research and Development Establishment, including the Office of Naval Research and several research laboratories associated with the US Navy.

    The exercise provided direct feedback and technical evaluations from participating personnel and senior leaders, which may help change the way the US Navy and USMC address prototyping and the rapid procurement of technology.

    The technologies demonstrated during the exercise comprised unmanned and autonomous vehicles integrated with sensors to gather intelligence in the air, on land and underwater.

    During each amphibious beach demonstration, unmanned surface and underwater vehicles approached the shore first, gathering intelligence about battlespace conditions, including threats and obstacles.

  • The S2ME2 exercises were organized not by technical categories but by missions, which required experts in different fields from different agencies and companies to integrate disparate technologies towards a single purpose.

    Six mission areas were defined and given codenames:

    Shield: early intelligence (and) reconnaissance

    Spear: threat identification

    Dagger: follow-on reconnaissance and threat elimination.

    Cutlass: maneuver ashore

    Broadsword: combat power ashore

    Battle Axe: amphibious C4ISR (Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, & Reconnaissance),

    The Missions

  • Ocean Aero Inc. teamed with the San Diego based Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Pacific (SPAWAR Systems Center Pacific or SSC Pacific) to demonstrate Cooperative Unmanned Systems Hydrographic Survey Mission (CUSHSM) capabilities.

    The backbone of the mission was supported by two unmanned autonomous technologies

    housing a variety of specific sensors and communication systems designed to seamlessly

    integrate data collection and data delivery in field conditions, simulating early

    reconnaissance in advance of an autonomous amphibious landing exercise.

    The Scope of the Cooperative Unmanned Systems Hydrographic Survey Mission (CUSHM)

    addressed aspects in three of the six primary mission areas:

    Shield: early intelligence (and) reconnaissance

    Spear: threat identification

    Dagger: follow-on reconnaissance and threat elimination

    Cooperative Unmanned Systems Hydrographic Survey Mission (CUSHM)

  • The Mission: was to provide hydrographic survey for amphibious landings, nearshore reconnaissance and nearshore threat identification.

    The Challenge: currently sensor data from unmanned maritime vehicles supporting naval warfare operations is not available until the mission is completed and the system recovered, extending the time required for processing the data, assessing the intelligence, developing courses of action, and executing follow-on operations.

    The Solution: Getting critical information to analysts and decision makers faster can be achieved by networking multiple unmanned systems across operating domains. Using an unmanned aerial vehicle to serve as a communications link to an unmanned maritime vehicle means the data can be sent to the decision makers without having to recover the vehicle first.

    Cooperative Unmanned Systems Hydrographic Survey Mission (CUSHM)

  • Ocean Aero Submaran™ S10 hybrid ASV/AUV • The Ocean Aero Submaran™ S10 is the first wind and

    solar-powered hybrid autonomous unmanned surface and subsurface vehicle designed for extended autonomous ocean observation and data collection

    • Hull length of 4.2m (13.8’) • Payload capacity of 23kg (50lbs) • Top speed of 5.5kts • Submergence Depth of 10m (30’) • Transition from surface sailing to fully submerged in 2-3

    minutes • The Submaran™ S10 is ideally suited for autonomous

    missions that require speed, stealth, long endurance and persistence u

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