raptor manual

Download Raptor Manual

Post on 06-Apr-2015

536 views

Category:

Documents

6 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR CAPTIVE RAPTORS IN GEORGIAENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION PROGRAMSJoe N. CaudellWildlife Biologist Warnell School of Forest Resources University of Georgia

A TECHNICAL GUIDE FOR THE USE OF RAPTORS IN

Ken A. Riddleberger, Jr.

Senior Wildlife Biologist Special Permit Unit Wildlife Resources Division Georgia Department of Natural Resources

A PUBLICATION OF THE GEORGIA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES WILDLIFE RESOURCES DIVISION

ACKNOWLEDGMENTSWe would like to thank the faculty of the University of Georgia Warnell School of Forest Resources including Drs. Brian Chapman and Sara Schweitizer. We also thank Dr. Cheryl Greenacre of the University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine, for taking the time to assist with this project and manuscript. We also thank Mike Conover of the Jack H. Berryman Institute for Wildlife Damage Management for allowing us the time to complete the manuscript and for providing funding for travel to the 1999 Annual Conference of the Wildlife Society where portions of this manual were presented. Additional funding and support was provided by the Georgia Department of Natural Resources and the University of Georgia, School of Forest Resources. We thank John Karger of Last Chance Forever, San Antonio, Texas for providing a technical review of the manuscript.

Note: The Georgia Department of Natural Resources neither endorses products listed herein nor accepts any liability arising from the use of products listed.

Current Address:

Joe N. Caudell Jack H. Berryman Institute Utah State University 5210 Old Main Hill, Natural Resc, Rm. 206 Logan, Utah 84322-5210 jcaudell@cc.usu.edu

2

TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION NON-RELEASABLE RAPTOR MANAGEMENTUsing this Manual ............................................................................................................................. 7 Contents ............................................................................................................................................ 7

CHAPTER 1 THE SURVEYMethods............................................................................................................................................. The Sample .......................................................................................................................... The Survey .......................................................................................................................... Results .............................................................................................................................................. Sample Results ................................................................................................................... Survey Results .................................................................................................................... Discussion ......................................................................................................................................... 8 8 8 9 9 10 11

CHAPTER 2 FACILITY REQUIREMENTSHousing .............................................................................................................................................. General Enclosure Design ................................................................................................................. Location ............................................................................................................................................ Indoor Enclosures ............................................................................................................................. Outdoor Enclosures .......................................................................................................................... Indoor / Outdoor Enclosures ............................................................................................................. Wall Construction ............................................................................................................................. Roof Construction ............................................................................................................................. Entry Design and Construction ......................................................................................................... Floor Substrate .................................................................................................................................. Separation of Species ........................................................................................................................ Visual Separation .............................................................................................................................. Separation from Other Animals ........................................................................................................ Space Requirements .......................................................................................................................... Food Platform ................................................................................................................................... Perches .............................................................................................................................................. Baths ................................................................................................................................................. Cleaning ............................................................................................................................................ Common Disinfectants ...................................................................................................................... Chlorine Bleach .................................................................................................................. Virkon-S........................................................................................................................... Phenol (1-stroke) ............................................................................................................. Hot Water ............................................................................................................................ Quaternary Ammonia Solutions (Quats) ............................................................................ Chlorhexidine ..................................................................................................................... Facility Management ......................................................................................................................... 15 15 15 16 17 17 17 19 21 20 22 22 22 23 24 24 26 26 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 28

3

CHAPTER 3 EQUIPMENT

Jesses ................................................................................................................................................. Jess and Aylmeri Sizes ......................................................................................................... Traditional Jess .................................................................................................................... Modified Jess ...................................................................................................................... Snap Jesses .......................................................................................................................... Aylmeri Bracelets ................................................................................................................ False Aylmeri Bracelets ..................................................................................................................... Maintenance ....................................................................................................................................... Leashes and Swivels .......................................................................................................................... Falconers Knot ................................................................................................................................. Scales ................................................................................................................................................. Gloves ................................................................................................................................................ Miscellaneous Supplies ..................................................................................................................... Hoods ................................................................................................................................................. Travel Enclosures ...............................................................................................................................

29 29 29 30 31 31 32 32 32 33 34 34 34 34 34

CHAPTER 4 FEEDINGGeneral Feeding Habits ...................................................................................................................... Laboratory Mice ................................................................................................................................ Laboratory Rats ................................................................................................................................. Day-old Chicks .................................................................................................................................. Commercial Bird-of-prey Diet ........................................................................................................... Other Commonly Used Diets ........................................................................................................