rain water harvesting & sustainabilityof water supply

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Panel Discussion 5

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  • PANEL DISCUSSION ON RAIN WATER HARVESTING & SUSTAINABILITY

    OF WATER SUPPLY

    Dr. Santosh Deshmukh, Senior Manager( Sustainability), Jain Irrigation Systems Ltd., Jalgaon 425001 Maharashtra)

    Phone-0257-2258019, Mobile No: 09403080103 Email: deshmukh.santosh@jains.com

  • Suggestions and Recommendations

    For sustainable water supply for cities following suggestion and recommendations are made:

    1. Water shed should be the base for rain water harvesting and supply of water for small cities. (River Basins for large cities and big industrial clusters)

    2. Efficient water used at up stream for agriculture will release the pressure for down stream water supply for cities. (drip irrigation!)

    4. Sufficient area should be provided for water bodies, alike for gardens and playgrounds in cities and towns in arid regions.

    5. Proper utilization of treated waste water for peri urban agriculture, lawns and gardens of the cities should be on the agenda.

    6. The water quality has to be maintained for upstream, down stream, treated waste water and water bodies of the cities.

    7. Good agricultural practices at upstream will not affect the water quality and quantity for the water used in cities and towns

  • Policy, legislation and obligations

    Water foot printing approach for different users of water and charges based on slots.

    Financial instrument like Water Certificate Mechanism like REC for water harvesting for building and obligatory for those not harvesting.

    Water savings plumbing devices should be made compulsory for new buildings : including shower heads, faucets, aerators, toilets etc., (in 1990s NYC reduced the per capita water consumption from 187gpd to 125 gpd).

    Each city/ town have to choose their own way of solving problem of sustainable water supply , any attempt to dump the idea which worked elsewhere should be avoided.

  • Water audit to be mandatory for cos.

    Ashish Sinha: New Delhi, Jan 06 2013, 00:09 ISTMove aims to encourage companies to follow best international practices; violators to be penalized

    After tax audits and mandatory corporate social responsibility norms, the government is set tointroduce water audit and yearly water footprint disclosures in annual reports a mandatoryfeature for companies. The move is aimed at encouraging companies registered in India to adoptthe best international practices on water use efficiency.

    A senior official said the idea is to make it mandatory for companies to disclose the volume offresh water used by them in their production activities and the volume of recycled water use peryear. Firms will also have to commit themselves to timelines on reducing their water footprint.This would be implemented through the corporate affairs ministry soon, said the official.

    The corporate water footprint is defined as the total volume of fresh water that is used directly orindirectly to run and support a business. The water footprint of a business consists of water usedfor producing/manufacturing or for supporting activities, and the indirect water use in theproducers supply chain. This will now have to be disclosed every year in the companys annualreport

  • Geology and aquifer relevance

  • Rainfall pattern, water harvesting and river basins of India

  • Hyderabad

  • Aurangabad

  • Jain Irrigations Experience

    - 24 X 7 Supply is sustainable water supply for house hold

    - On demand irrigation in canal command area

    - Drip irrigation for lift irrigated water saves

    - Piped conveyance of water for agricultural use

    - Saves water- energy- cost and increases food production

  • Present :Un-Sustainable water supply

    Intermittent Irregular Leakages Possibility of contamination Low supply pressure Free of Cost or Fixed Cost Tendency of public Maintenance results in stoppageof water supply for entire ward

    No Leakages in the network No Contamination of water Assured Water supply to all levels of society Negligible Wastage of water by public Unauthorized connections can be restricted Consumption reduced - effective use of water Pay As You Go charging basis Regular Revenue Generation ULTIMATELY - Customer is HAPPY

    Hence 24x7 is a Safe, Reliable and AffordableWater Supply & Distribution System

    By using HDPE pipes

    24X7 : Sustainable continuous water supply with constant pressure

    Water consumption is reduced by 40% to 50% Operation and Maintenance Cost is reduced by 30% to 40% Revenue is increased by 4 to 6 times Safe, Corrosion & Contamination free Water Supply is assured

  • Experience of Jain Irrigation in 24x7

    Supplied, Installed, Commissioned 24x7 Water Supply & DistributionSystems

    1. Karnataka (Year 2008) in four major cities : Hubli, Dharwad,Belgaum & Gulbarga . This was World Bank Assisted KarnatakaUrban Water Sector Improvement Project (KUWASIP)

    2. Maharashtra Jeevan Pradhikaran (MJP): 24x7 for Kulgaon -Badlapur town (Thane district)

    3. Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation (NMMC): 24x7 for NaviMumbai year 2008

    4. Nagpur Municipal Corporation: 24x7 for Nagpur City year 20085. Shikaripura Town Municipal Council, Karnataka: 24x7 for

    Shikaripura Town year 20106. Himachal Pradesh Government: Balh Valley 24x7 scheme, year 2010

  • 1600mm Diameter Pipe ONLY Manufacturer in India

    1.6m Outer Diameter HDPE pipe

  • Jain Irrigation Experience

    Water shed Management

    - Located at Jalgaon on the area of 600 acers

    - State of the art training centre for the farmers, officials and policy makers focusing on water, agriculture and renewable energy

    - All soil conservation measures, water recharge measures are taken care of.

    - The conservation and enhancing the biodiversity in same watershed is possible with minimal efforts

  • Water Table Decline in Tapi Basin

  • Water Table Decline in Tapi Basin

  • Water Table Decline in Tapi Basin

  • Watershed Development

  • Rain water harvesting structures

    Next

  • Rain water harvesting structures

    Polylined Tank:

    (micro catchment development):

    Useful for sandy / highly drained/ highly saline soil conditions.

    Does not allows direct seepage.

    Can be used for survival irrigation or irrigating one crop in Rabi season.

    Back

  • Rain water harvesting structures

    Earthen Bund:

    Earthen bund are small water and soil harvesting structure constructed at the end of ravine/ gullies.

    Back

  • Rain water harvesting structures

    Percolation Tank:

    Percolation tank is an earthen / masonary structure with the purpose of ground water recharge.

    It is usually built on large streams where large catchment area is available.

    Back

  • Artificial recharge and soil moisture improvement measures

    Advantages:

    Creates a groundwater ridge or mound around existing groundwater extraction structures.

    Increases discharge rates.

    Improves quality of groundwater.

    Prevents temporal decline of water table in the region.

    Increases annual ground water recharge.

    Creates scope for additional groundwater extraction.

    Maintains a safe groundwater balance.

  • Drainage structure

  • Small ideas, big revolutionSmall ideas, big revolution

  • Artificial recharge through dug well at manufacturing facility of 145 acers at Plastic Park, Jalgaon

  • THANK YOU

    PANEL DISCUSSION ONppt