Ragab KAYASTHA Breakway Sessions: Practices in Microfinance February 14, 2010 Microfinance Summit Nepal 2010.

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  • Ragab KAYASTHABreakway Sessions: Practices in Microfinance

    February 14, 2010

    Microfinance Summit Nepal 2010

  • to learn more about the microfinance (MF) in Nepal. to know the practical aspect of MF to widen the knowledge on it. to share my few ideas on governance microfinance.

  • Around 80 percent of the population lives in the rural area of the countryGDP growth of Agricultural sector is 1.0 percent (ADB, 2007) before the Ninth Plan 42% after the Tenth Plan 31%1950s first credit cooperatives1970s- SFDP, IBP1990s- GBBs, MFDBs, FINGOs, SCCs

  • Microfinance Governance Governance is the process by which a board of directors, through management, guides an institution in fulfilling its corporate mission and protects the institutions assets over timeIn the microfinance field, governance has assumed increasing importance for several reasons. Those are:

  • The Rubber-Stamp BoardThe Hands-on Board The Representational Board Multi-Type Board

  • Board and management deal with the same issues, but at different levels. The board deals with policies while management deals with practical implementation. The relationship between the board and management is defined by partnership, particularly between the board chair and managing director

  • Effective governance requires boards to focus on three major areas of responsibility: i) management accountability, ii) strategic planning and policy-making, and iii) self-regulation

  • Banks and Financial Institutions Act 2006 (BAFIA)Co-operative Act (1992)Financial Intermediary Societies Act (1998)Microfinance Policy (2007)

  • Complicated legal procedureStrange legal frameworkGap between commitment and practiceAnnouncement of unsuitable policies of the Government of Nepal

  • It is necessary to have good microfinance governance, but also it need good governance to guide the appropriate operating environment for the MFIs.

    Effective governance strikes the appropriate balance in the relationship between a board of directors and management in their combined efforts to move the institution forward. Moreover, a clear articulation of the function of microfinance boards is essential for their effective governance.

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