Quiz #4: Engineering Disciplines Biomedical Engineering
Post on 23-Feb-2016
DESCRIPTIONQuiz #4: Engineering Disciplines Biomedical Engineering. Steve Tennyson Alyse Waldhorn Alex Wong BE 1200, Section 001, Team #3. Biomedical Engineering. Apply engineering principles to better understand how the body works. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Quiz 4: Engineering Disciplines Biomedical Engineering
Steve TennysonAlyse WaldhornAlex Wong
BE 1200, Section 001, Team #3
Quiz #4: Engineering DisciplinesBiomedical EngineeringBiomedical EngineeringApply engineering principles to better understand how the body works.Understand the effects of outside forces on the body, whether diagnostic of traumatic.Design and provide solutions to problems that arise anywhere from trauma to aging.
Sub-disciplinesTissue engineeringGenetic engineeringNeural engineeringPharmaceutical engineeringMedical devicesClinical engineeringTissue- use of biological, chemical and physical factors factors in combination with cells, materials and engineering methods in order to improve or replace biological functions- ex artifical organs
Medical devices- intended to diagnose a disease or cure a disease3Growth in the field#1 career for largest project growthProjected growth from 2010 to 2020:Average growth for all occupations: 14%Average growth for biomedical engineers: 62%Why?Pharmaceutical and genomic industries are boomingTechnological advances#1- New York TimesProject growth- bureau of labor statistics4Work of young engineersYoung biomedical engineers will often be assisting doctors and medical scientists in hospitalsOther young biomedical engineers will maintain equipment and assist researchers with a variety of other backgroundsPerformance testing and safety of new products and inventions related to healthcare and research needsJob opportunities, training and background requirementsBiomedical Engineers are in high demandBiomedical Engineers will find job opportunities in common engineering fields such as genetic, clinical, and cellular engineeringA bachelor's degree in biomedical engineering is requiredKnowledge in chemistry, physics, biology, and multiple mathematic coursesOpportunities for senior engineersSenior Biomedical Engineers work towards new biomedical equipment designs such as artificial organs and patient monitoringTrain younger engineers and clinicians on proper equipment useSome Senior Engineers become advisors for marketing departments and professorsDevelopment of new disease-fighting drugsWSU Biomedical Engineering ProgramOriginally a subset of the mechanical engineering programBS program established in 2010Graduate programs established in 1998Mission: enable graduates to attack societal epidemics of premature death, pain, and disability that result from trauma and aging.Specializations that WSU will prepare you forBS program established in 2010BS concentrations at WSU:Impact-related traumaForensic bioengineeringEngineering neurphysiology/smart sensorsBiomaterials/tissue engineeringBiomedical imagingReseachBiomechanicsBallisticsSpine researchTargeted drug delivery
Medical RobotsThe device is a mobile cart with a two-way video screen and medical monitoring equipment, programmed to maneuver through the busy halls of a hospital.
And you think a Linebot program is difficult!
The RP-VITA Remote Presence Robot produced jointly by iRobot Corp. and InTouch Health is the first such autonomous navigation remote-presence robot to receive FDA clearance for hospital use
10Sapien Transcatheter Aortic Valve
Alternative to open-heart surgery for patients who need new a new valve
Guided through the femoral artery by catheter from a small incision near the grown or rib cage.
Dramatically shorter hospitalizations
Manufactured by Edwards Life Sciences (Irvine, CA), The valve material is made of bovine tissue attached to a stainless-steel stent, which is expanded by inflating a small balloon when correctly placed in the valve space
11Needle-Free Diabetes CareReplace the poke with a patch
Sends the data wirelessly to a remote monitor
Echo Therapeutics (Philadelphia, PA) is developing technologies that would replace the poke with a patch. The technology involves a handheld electric-toothbrush-like device that removes just enough top-layer skin cells to put the patient's blood chemistry within signal range of a patch-borne biosensor.
For people who suffer from migraines and other causes of chronic, excruciating head or facial pain Permanent implant of a small nerve stimulating device in the upper gum
A technology under clinical investigation at Autonomic Technologies, Inc., (Redwood City, CA) is a patient-powered tool for blocking SPG signals at the first sign of a headache. The lead tip of the implant connects with the SPG bundle, and when a patient senses the onset of a headache, he or she places a handheld remote controller on the cheek nearest the implant. The resulting signals stimulate the SPG nerves and block the pain-causing neurotransmitters.
13MelaFind Optical Scanner Skin cancer diagnosis
A handheld tool approved by the FDA for multispectral analysis of tissue morphology
The goal is to reduce the number of patients left with unnecessary biopsy The MelaFind technology (MELA Sciences, Irvington, NY) uses missile navigation technologies originally paid for the Department of Defense to optically scan the surface of a suspicious lesion at 10 electromagnetic wavelengths. The collected signals are processed using heavy-duty algorithms and matched against a registry of 10,000 digital images of melanoma and skin disease
14Works Cited"Biomedical Engineering." Biomedical Engineering. The Catholic University of America, n.d. Web. .Biomedical Engineering. Wayne State Universtiy. Web. http://engineering.wayne.edu/bme/"Biomedical Engineers." U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, n.d. Web. ."Careers in Biomedical Engineering." Careers in Biomedical Engineering. University of Texas At Austin, n.d. Web. .MacRae, Michael. "Top 5 Medical Technology Innovations."ASME.org. N.p., Mar. 2013. Web. .Simon, Cecilia C. "Top 10 List: Where the Jobs Are."Nytimes.com. N.p., 13 Apr. 2011. Web. .15