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Childhood Obesity and the Benefits of Healthy Eating and Exercise

Childhood Obesity and the Benefits of Healthy Eating and ExerciseAlison GlaserAustin SmithRebecca VizziTristan Smith

Ali

Did you know? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Yb77kDq-Zo

Ali

Ali

What is Obesity?Obesity is defined as the condition of being overweight or containing a high percentage of body fat

Categorized by Body Mass Index Moderately 30-35%Severely 35-40%Morbidly 40%

Austin

I will read the definitionI plan to discuss the difference between obesity, overweight, and underweightTalk about how percenta

Exponential GrowthCurrently 27.2% AmericansFrom 26.2%Close to 100% by next centuryLeads to Chronic DiseasesCancerCardiovascular DiseaseDiabetes (Type II)NutritionStarr County

Facts About Obesity

I plan to bring up the: Obesity Disease Cascade. Obesity causes cancer, heart disease, and more than likely diabetesput in random plug about specific signs of diabetesring around necknail bedTalk about Nutrition as a good thingvegs, fruits, grains? (mention that they can be bad and contribute to obesity Wheat BellyShort allusion back showing how kids succumb to the stigma that overweight is ok.

What is our Proposed Study?Diet and exercise were chosen as the independent variables for this study

Our study focused on fifth graders

Had students attend a bi-weekly program where they would learn the proper way to prepare meals along with the benefits of eating fruits and vegetables as opposed to cookies and chips.

For our study we wanted to make sure that we covered the two key methods of weight loss, which are diet and exercise. These were our independent variables. We selected 5th graders as our population because it is well documented that children are one of the most at risk groups for obesity. Additionally, children in the 5th grade will soon enter a transition period into 6th grade where they will have a chance to start new habits. The education that we will provide to all children involved in the study on the importance of healthy eating is primarily to encourage healthier patterns of eating in the future

DesignSchool 1: the control group, no change in diet or exercise. School 2: given a new meal plan with healthy alternatives.School 3: required to attend an after-school exercise program.School 4: given a new meal plan with healthy alternatives and required to attend an after-school program.

The first school, the control group, would continue to live normally without any changes in their diet or physical activity. School two was given a new meal plan but was not required to participate in after-school activities while school three was required to participate in after-school activities but was not given a new meal plan. School four was given both a new meal plan and required to participate in after-school activities.

Unhealthy Meal Options Seen in Schools 1 and 3 Some schools offer less healthy lunch meal options such as:Breaded Chicken NuggetsCheese Steak Sub SandwichesNachos Twice-Baked PotatoesSpaghetti Cheeseburgers and Hot Dogs

Here are some examples of items found on lunch menus in schools 1 and 3. As you can see these foods are high in calories and fats.

Healthy Meal Plans Seen in Schools 2 and 4

In schools 2 and 4 we implemented the 5-2-1-0 project which simply means 5 servings of fruits and veggies, 2 hours of screen, 1 hour of physical activity and 0 sugary beverages. The meal plan offered healthy alternatives in order to keep the children on a 1500 calorie lunch. Certain meals included whole-wheat spaghetti with turkey meatballs and green beans, veggie burgers, turkey chili and taco salads. All meals were served with milk or water and desserts consisted of fruit. Students from schools two and four were sent home with meal suggestions in the hopes they would continue to eat healthy while absent from school as well as teach their families the benefits of healthy eating.

After-School Activities Street hockey Kickball SoccerBasketballBoomer ball Ultimate football

http://www.afterschoolpa.com/menu/street_m.html

Schools three and four were required to stay for an hour after normal school hours and participate in various activities, while learning the importance of exercise. After-school activities included kickball, street hockey, soccer, basketball, ultimate football and boomer ball. This is a website in which I found various activities suitable for elementary students. This website includes directions on how to play each activity along with what will be needed to complete this activity.

Anticipated ResultsWe anticipate that Group 4 receiving the both dietary restrictions and additional exercise will have the lowest BMI

Group 2, the group with a modified diet, showed the second lowest BMI among the fifth graders

Tristan: The results that we expect to see in our study will have Group 4 (group that received both treatments) as the group with the lowest BMI and Group 1 (The control) with the highest BMI.

Table of the Anticipated Results

GroupsAverage BMI BeforeAverage BMI AfterGroup 13434Group 23432Group 33433Group 43430

Tristan: This table was roughly based off the chart on the next slide.

Correlation between Body Weight and Activity over 29 months

Tremblay, A. (1991). Physical activity and obesity. Bailliere's Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 13(1), 121-129

Tristan

DiscussionWe concluded that after school activities and meal plan modifications have a positive correlation in lowering a childs BMI

Educational programs can help these students in the long term

In 2012, Syracuse schools have eliminated recess among their elementary schools

Ali

Future Study

Look to see if there is not only a correlation between weight loss and exercise, but correlation between exercise and academic standing

Students who are more involved in afterschool programs were also more inclined to do better in school when compared with the students not involved in after school programs

Exercise can increase academic standing and lower childhood obesity rates

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Website

www.arsmit12.wi

Talk about Website - Before or after reference slide?

ReferencesMiller, Y., & Dunstan, D. (2004). The effectiveness of physical activity interventions for the treatment of overweight and obesity and type 2 diabetes. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 7(1), 52-59.

Kuczynski-Brown, Alex. Syracuse Elementary Schools Nix Recess In Favor Of More Instructional Time. The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 10 Sept. 2012. Web. 21 Nov. 2014.

Posner, Jill K., and Deborah L. Vandell. "Low-Income Children's After-School Care: Are There Beneficial Effects of After-School Programs?" Child Development 65.2 (1994): 440-56. Child Development. Society for Research in Child Development, 2000. Web. 21 Nov. 2014.

Tremblay, A. (1991). Physical activity and obesity. Bailliere's Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 13(1), 121-129

Wareham, N. (2007). Physical activity and obesity prevention. Obesity Reviews, 8(s1), 109-114. http://www.afterschoolpa.com/menu/street_m.html

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