project on leadership and team building
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PROJECT REPORT ON
LEADERSHIP AND TEAM BUILDING
Submitted to: Prof. Arjya Chakravarty Submitted by:Nimish Saxena (CFT08-084) Prashant Saxena (CFT08-102) Priyanka Arya (CFT08-104) Sana Shahid (CFT08-124) Upasana Saxena (CFT08-161)
JAIPURIA INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT, LUCKNOWAUGUST 31, 2009
TABLE OF CONTENTS WHAT IS LEADERSHIP PRINCIPLES OF LEADERSHIP FACTORS OF LEADERSHIP LEADERSHIP IS A FACET OF MANAGEMENT MR. DHARM DUTT: A PIONEER IN FIELD OF SOCIAL SERVICE THE PROCESS OF GREAT LEADERSHIP LEADERSHIP STYLES DEVELOPMENT OF MR. DHARM DUTT AS A LEADER LEADERSHIP TRAITS POWER AND INFLUENCE MR. DHARM DUTT: THE JOURNEY IS STILL ON QUESTIONNAIRE
WHAT IS LEADERSHIP"Leaders stand out by being different. They question assumption and are suspicious of tradition. They seek out the truth and make decisions based on fact, not prejudice. They have a preference for innovation."
Leadership is all about influencing people to get things done to a standard and quality above their norm. The purpose is that the work should be done willingly. Leadership is a process by which a person motivates others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent. Leaders carry out this process by applying their leadership attributes, such as beliefs, values, ethics, character, knowledge, and skills. Although your position as a manager, supervisor, lead, etc. gives you the authority to accomplish certain tasks and objectives in the organization, this p o w e r does not make you a leader, it simply makes you the b o s s . Leadership differs in that it makes the followers w a n t to achieve high goals, rather than simply b o s s i n g p e o p l e a r o u n d . Leadership is an immature science and researchers are still struggling to find out what the important questions in leadership are. The ends of leadership involve getting results through others, and the means of leadership involve the ability to build cohesive, goal-oriented teams. Good leaders are those who build teams to get results across a variety of situations. Leadership represents a complex form of social problem
solving. Leadership is both a science and an art. Also leadership is both rational and emotional.
PRINCIPLES OF LEADERSHIP
The basic principles that a leader imbibes in are: To Know Yourself And Seek Self-Improvement In order to know yourself, you have to understand yourself that what you are, w h a t y o u k n o w , and what you can d o . Seeking selfimprovement means continually strengthening your attributes. This can be accomplished through self-study, formal classes, reflection, and interacting with others. Seek Responsibility And Take Responsibility For Your Actions Search for ways to guide your organization to new heights. And when things go wrong, they always do sooner or later - do not blame others. Analyze the situation, take corrective action, and move on to the next challenge. Make Sound And Timely Decisions Use good problem solving, decision-making, and planning tools. Set The Example
Be a good role model for your employees. They must not only hear what they are expected to do, but also see. W e m u s t b e c o m e t h e change we want to see. Know Your People And Look Out For Their Well-Being Know human nature and the importance of sincerely caring for your workers. Keep Your Workers Informed Know how to communicate with not only them, but also seniors and other key people. Develop A Sense Of Responsibility In Your Workers Help to develop good character traits that will help them carry out their professional responsibilities. Ensure That Tasks Are Understood, Supervised, And Accomplished Communication is the key to this responsibility. Train As A Team Although many so called leaders call their organization, department, section, etc. a team; they are not really teams, they are just a group of people doing their jobs. Use The Full Capabilities Of Your Organization By developing a team spirit, you will be able to employ your organization, department, section, etc. to its fullest capabilities. Develop A Futuristic Approach Should be able to see the problems, issues and opportunities arising in near future. These types of situations should be dealt effectively by having a planned approach and direction ready for the team to follow. Make Sure That Conflicts Are Resolved Difference in thinking, opinions and actions is certain in a team. By listening to ideas and views of everyone, best of each should be taken and individual goals aligned to organizational goals. Knowing The Value Of Time Planning and organizing own use of time, meeting deadlines, and not relying on last minute to do things. Should Move Towards Creativity And Innovation By being proactive and self-starting, new opportunities should be seized and actions should be originated to achieve goals. Should be change
oriented and thus generate and recognize creative solutions in different situations.
FACTORS OF LEADERSHIPThere are four major factors in leadership:
Follower Followers are a critical part of leadership equation. Followers expectations, personality traits, maturity levels, levels of competence, and motivation affect the leadership process. Different people require different styles of leadership. For example, a new hire requires more supervision than an experienced employee. A person who lacks motivation requires a different approach than one with a high degree of motivation. You must know your people. The fundamental starting point is having a good understanding of human nature, such as needs, emotions, and motivation. You must come to know your employees b e , k n o w , and d o attributes. Leader This element primarily examines what the leader brings as an individual to the leadership equation. This includes unique personal history, interests, character traits, and motivation. Leaders are not all alike, but share they do tend to share many common characteristics. You must have an honest understanding of who you are, what you know, and what you can do. Also, note that it is the followers, not the leader who determines if a leader is
successful. If they do not trust or lack confidence in their leader, then they will be uninspired. To be successful you have to convince your followers, not yourself or your superiors, that you are worthy of being followed. Communication You lead through two-way communication. Much of it is nonverbal. For instance, when you "set the example," that communicates to your people that you would not ask them to perform anything that you would not be willing to do. What and how you communicate either builds or harms the relationship between you and your employees. This is the most critical factor as in the leadership process both the leader and followers should be communicating effectively about their expectations from each other. Absence of this will create a negative environment leading to misunderstandings between leader and followers. Situation All situations are different. It all depends on how a leader and a set of followers are interacting in different situations. What you do in one situation will not always work in another. You must use your judgment to decide the best course of action and the leadership style needed for each situation. For example, you may need to confront an employee for inappropriate behavior, but if the confrontation is too late or too early, too harsh or too weak, then the results may prove ineffective. Various forces will affect these factors. Examples of forces are your relationship with your seniors, the skill of your people, the informal leaders within your organization, and how your company is organized. Leader-Follower-Situation Interactions Leaders create an environment within which followers innovations and creative contributions are welcome. Followers feel a stake in shaping something new, and not just maintaining a status quo. Leaders also encourage the growth and development in their followers in a broader way. Leaders generally are more interested in the big picture of followers work, and tend to assess their followers performance less formally and, more in terms o holistic, personal, idiosyncratic, or intuitive criteria. Leaders motivate followers more personally and through more personal and intangible factors. Leaders redefine the parameters of tasks and responsibilities, both for individual followers and for the entire group. In that sense, leaders actively change the situations they are in rather than just optimize their groups adaptation to it. They are forever moving outside the constraints of structure.
LEADERSHIP IS A FACET OF MANAGEMENTLeadership is just one of the many assets a successful manager must possess. Care must be taken in distinguishing between the two concepts. The main aim of a manager is to maximize the output of the organization through administrative implementation. To achieve this, managers must undertake the following functions: Organizing Planning Staffing Directing Controlling Leadership is just one important component of the directing function. A manager cannot just be a leader; he also needs formal authority to be effective. In a nutshell, the difference between leadership and management is: Leadership is setting a new direction or vision for a group that they follow, ie: a leader is the spearhead for that new direction Management controls or directs people/resources in a group according to principles or values that have already been established. The difference between leadership and management can be illustrated by considering what happens when you have one without the other. Leadership Without Management Sets a direction or vision that others follow, without considering too much how the new direction is going to be achieved. Other people then have to work hard in the trail that is left behind, picking up the pieces