progress towards open standards-based agro-geoinformatics

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  1. 1. Progress Towards Open Standards-Based Agro-Geoinformatics George Percivall Chief Engineer and CTO, OGC Agro-Geoinformatics 2015 20 July 2015 Copyright 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  2. 2. OGC Its about turning data into information Copyright 2015 Open Geospatial ConsortiumSource: http://techcrunch.com/2015/04/01/the-new-queen-of-green/
  3. 3. OGC What is Agro-Geoinformatics? Copyright 2014 Open Geospatial Consortium Farming decisions relying on geospatial data Source: Agriculture Ad Hoc Report to OGC TC Plenary March 2014
  4. 4. OGC Geospatial Tech and Agriculture Source: The Geo-Green revolution, Mark Noort and Anand Kashyap, Geospatial World, September 2013
  5. 5. OGC Agriculture Geo-Information Exchange Efficient exchange of data on utilization of farmland, soil and crop characteristics, water availability, environmental impacts, Many user roles: growers, advisors, landowners, foodstuff processors, regulators and all levels of government Major challenges to agricultural: climate change, increasing population, shortage of water and arable land Increasing need for information standards to support transparency in agricultural goods and services markets Copyright 2014 Open Geospatial Consortium
  6. 6. OGC Agriculture Info Exchange Environment Agriculture System Product, Production Information Equipment-based Recording In-situ and Remote Sensing Maps Geo-data Source: Frans van Diepen, frans.vandiepen@rvo.nl OGC TC March 24, 2014
  7. 7. OGC Urgent need for more information on soils at varying geographic scales Diversity of data makes integration and harmonisation difficult Soil data needs to be freely available and in formats that can be readily used for a wide range of purposes Need for harmonization of methods UN General Assembly declared 2015 The International Year of Soils
  8. 8. OGC Copyright 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium Fundamental data for understanding Earth-system processes How much arable land will be available in coming decades? How much food and fiber can it produce? How do landuse decisions in one district, country or region have consequences elsewhere? Pillar Four Enhance quantity & quality of soil information Global system to monitor and forecast condition of Earths soil resources Standard ISO 28258 requires tests by a broader community of soil data holders to gain acceptance and become routinely applied
  9. 9. OGC ISO 28258:2013 Soil quality Digital exchange of soil-related data Submodels Project Spatial relation Site Plot Soil mapping Soil observation Soil sampling Profile description GML implementation Terminology Feature: Feature type SoilProfile. Soil Profile elements: horizons and layers Soil feature types Soil body Soil map Soil mapping unit Copyright 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  10. 10. OGC SoilML information model scope (features of interest) Input data - Soil sites/profiles Co-variates Context Attribute surfaces 90m resolution grid/stack standard depths spline + uncertainty Site (x3) Profile Horizons Transect Mapped polygon Components Reference profiles Layers Outputs Source IUSS presentation to OGC, December 2010
  11. 11. OGC Confirm with Peter Wilson Copyright 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium International Activities on Soil Information International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) Working Group on Soil Information Standards (WG-SIS)
  12. 12. OGC OGC Soil Interoperability Experiment International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) proposed the IE to OGC in May 2015 IE Initiators Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) Landcare Research ISRIC World Soil Information Participating Organizations Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Agrobiology and Pedology Research Centre, Alterra - Wageningen UR, Federation University Australia, Geomatics & Cartographic Research Centre, Carleton Univ. Harvard Univ., IIASA, JRC, USGS, USDA Open to additional participants Copyright 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  13. 13. OGC OGC Soil Interoperability Experiment Testing standards for exchange soils data Soil feature data: soil bodies, profiles, horizons, and related entities. Transfer between databases, allowing easy access and analysis. Use Cases 1. Technologic - soil data integration & publication 2. Commercial & public - soil sensor data 3. Policy - soil property modelling and predictions 4. Scientific - pedo-transfer functions Develop and test a Soil Markup Language: GML encoding Prepare OGC/IUSS engineering report Demonstration at OGC TC meeting, e.g,. Sydney, December 2015 Copyright 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium
  14. 14. OGC ISRIC - ICSU World Data Centre for Soils Copyright 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium Source: Jorge Mendes de Jesus ISRIC http://www.isric.org/content/faq-soilgrids GlobalSoilMap.net
  15. 15. OGC SoilGrids1km Global Soil Information Based on Automated Mapping Copyright 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium Predicted global distribution of the soil organic carbon stock in tonnes per ha for 0200 centimetres. SoilGrids1km Global Soil Information Based on Automated Mapping Tomislav Hengl , et.al. PLOS one, August 29, 2014 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0105992 Sinusoidal equal area projection to give a realistic presentation of areas.
  16. 16. OGC 2www.foodie-project.eu One platform for all the most common tasks Production planning Production monitoring, alerting and analyses Subsidies management Environmental burden monitoring Ownership of farmers data Farmers data are private and sensitive data Remains farmers property Modularity Customizable and scalable platform User needsFOODIE project Creating a platform where spatial and non-spatial data related to agricultural sector are available in the cloud for agri-food stakeholders One Platform for most Common Tasks Production Planning Production monitoring, alerting and analyses Subsidies Management Environmental Burden Monitoring Project is defining Data Models and APIs
  17. 17. OGC Copyright 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium 16www.foodie-project.eu Core Data Model Management zones Interventions Treatments Sensor Data Model ISO 19156 O&M also VGI Transport Data Model OSM for navigation FOODIE Data Models edge edge vertex vertex vertex edge edge edge edge Road segment attributes Identifier, e.g. http://foodie-project.eu/dat/tn/654787 National code, e.g. 43 Road width, e.g. 5 meters Maximum height, e.g. 2.1 meters Maximum weight, e.g. 2 tons Speed limit, e.g. 20 kmh-1 Surface category, e.g. asphalt, unpaved, HAZMAT limitation, i.e. flammable/explosive/corrosive/toxic/oxidizing www.foodie-project.eu Core Data Model class Foodie Core Data Model v featureTy Agricultural and Aquacultu Site + code :Identifier + geometry :GM_Object + activity :EconomicActi + validFrom :DateTime + validTo :DateTime [0. + beginLifespanVersion + endLifeSpanVersion :D voidable + includesAnimal :FarmA dataT Agricultural and Aquacul FarmAnima voidable + livestock :LivestockSp + aquaculture :Aquacul featureTyp Plot + code :Identifier + validFrom :DateTime + validTo :DateTime [0. + beginLifeSpanVersion + endLifeSpanVersion :D + geometry :GM_Object + description :CharacterS + originType :OriginTyp featur Treat + quantity :Measure [1..*] + tractorId :CharacterStrin + machineId :CharacterSt + motionSpeed :Measure + pressure :Measure [0..1] + flowAdjustment :Measu + applicationWidth :Meas + areaDose :DoseUnit [0.. + formOfTreatment :Form + treatmentPurpose :Trea + treatmentDescription :C codeList OriginTypeValue + manual + system featureTy Interventi + type :CharacterString + description :CharacterS + notes :CharacterString + status :CharacterString + creationDateTime :Da + interventionStart :Date + interventionEnd :DateT + interventionGeometry + supervisor :CI_Respons + operator :CI_Responsib + evidenceParty :CI_Res dataType ActiveIngredi + code :CharacterString [ + ingredientName :Chara + ingredientAmount :Me 0..* +containsPlot 1.. HoldingPlots Data Model compliant to: Directive 2007/2/EC (INSPIRE) ISO standards 19100 series Open and scalable
  18. 18. OGC Copyright 2015 Open Geospatial Consortium 13www.foodie-project.eu Core Data Model class Foodie Core Data Model v4.1 proposal featureType Agricultural and Aquaculture Facilities Model::Holding featureType Agricultural and Aquaculture Facilities Model:: Site + code :Identifier + geometry :GM_Object + activity :EconomicActivityNACEValue [1..*] + validFrom :DateTime + validTo :DateTime [0..1] + beginLifespanVersion :DateTime + endLifeSpanVersion :DateTime [0..1] voidable + includesAnimal :FarmAnimalSpecies [0..*] dataType Agricultural and Aquaculture Facilities Model:: FarmAnimalSpecies voidable + livestock :LivestockSpeciesValue [0..*] + aquaculture :AquacultureSpeciesValue [0..*] featureType Activity Complex::ActivityComplex + inspireId :Identifier + thematicId :ThematicIdentifier [0..*] + geometry :GM_Object + function :Function [1..*] + userId :CharacterString voidable + name :CharacterString [0..1] + validFrom :DateTime + validTo :DateTime [0..1] voidable, lifeCycleInfo + beginLifespanVersion :DateTime + endLifespanVersion :DateTime [0..1] featureType Plot + code :Identifier + validFrom :DateTime + validTo :DateTime [0..1] + beginLifeSpanVersion :DateTime + endLifeSpanVersion :DateTime [0..1] + geometry :GM_Object [1..*] + description :CharacterString [0..1] + originType :OriginTypeValue featureType Treatment + quantity :Measure [1..*] + tractorId :CharacterString [0..*] + machineId :CharacterString [0..*] + motionSpeed :Measure [0..1] + pressure :Measure [0..1] + flowAdjustment :Measure [0..1] + applicationWidth :Measure [0..1] + areaDose :DoseUnit [0..1] + formOfTreatment :FormOfTreatmentValue [1..*] + treatmentPurpose :TreatmentPurposeValue [0..*] + treatmentDescription :CharacterString