Production and Consumption of Wood Pellets in the ?· Production and Consumption of Wood Pellets in…
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Production and Consumption of Wood Pellets in the European Union Arnold Dale Ekman & Co AB WPAC conference November 2015 Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
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Estimated world wood pellet production (million tonnes) Source: IEA Bioenergy Task 40, Hawkins Wright, EPC Survey
World pellet market overview in 2014 (million tonnes) Source: EPC Survey, Hawkins Wright, FAO
WORLD PELLET TRADE Source: EPC Survey, Hawkins Wright Producing 13,5 million tonnes but consuming 18,8 million tonnes, the EU is
the biggest pellet importer in the world. Imported pellets are mainly for industrial use (Power plants and CHPs) The imported pellets are mainly sourced from the USA and Canada Russia & CIS countries are gaining importance in EU pellet supply to both the
Industrial and residential sectors Trade from North America to EU has slightly increased from 4,69 million
tonnes in 2013 to 5,15 million tonnes in 2014 showing a very different trend in USA than Canada.
US exports to EU have increased 41 % with 3,89 million tonnes, while Canadian exports have reduced 34%.
Exports from Russia & CIS countries to EU have increased around 20 % from 2013 to 2015 to reach 950.000 tonnes.
The Baltic states and Russia produced 4.15 million tons during 2015
World industrial pellet consumption for power and CHP in 2014 (percentage) Source: EPC Survey, Hawkins Wright, Ekman &Co
5% 1% 1%
UK Korea Denmark Belgium Sweden Poland Holland Japan Other EU
Top 10 wood pellet consuming countries by end-use in 2014 (million tonnes) Source: EPC Survey, Hawkins Wright, Ekman & Co
CHP Heat Power
Overview of European wood pellet production in 2014
Division of total EU28 exports 2014 (percentage) Source: Eurostat
Portugal , 12%
Estonia, 10% Austria, 7%
Rest of EU28, 19%
Rest of EU28
World wood pellet production shares in 2014 Source: Hawkins Wright, EPC Survey
Russia & CIS 6%
Rest of Asia 4%
Rest of World
Globally 27,1 million tonnes of pellets produced in 2014.
13,5 million tonnes produced in the European Union
North America slightly increased its production
Russia & CIS and Asia have shown an important growth in their production
Forests in Europe
Ports of the Baltic Sea Region
Forest growth in Latvia 1930-2015 Source:
Annual natural increment 27 mln. m Annual fellings 10-12 mln. m Annual fellings per capita ~ 5 m Annual wood consumption per capita 0,9 m In previous 14 years the amount of standing wood in forests of Latvia
has increased by approx. 125 mln m3 (+23%)
Latvian Forest Deviation of Tree Species
Other Spruce Birch Pine
The Baltic states and Russia produced 4.15 million tons in 2014
Estonia had a limited pellet production a few years ago but has very quickly become a large pellet producer and the 4th biggest EU pellet exporter in 2014.
Estonia produced 1 million tons in 16 mills Pellet production in Latvia has boomed making
the country the 3rd largest pellet producer and the biggest exporter in the EU
Latvia produced 1.35 million tons in 23 mills Lithuania produces mainly bagged pellets for the
residential market and most of the production is exported
Lithuania produced 300 000 tons in 10 mills Total Baltic states production in 2014 was 2.65
million tons Russia produces around 1.5 million tons in 90
mills Total production from the Baltic states and Russia
4.15 million tons in 2014
175,015 km2 ( 67,523 sq mi
Who are the main producers in the Baltic states?
AS Graanul Invest is a privately owned company, established in 2003, and focuses on forestry, development of bioenergy and the production of renewable energy. Annual production capacity of 853 thousand tonnes
Latgran, established in 2004, produced 497 thousand tonnes of pellets in its four factories in 2014
Granuul acquired Latgran in 2015 Combined capacity will produce 1.8
million in 2015 making Granuul the largest producer in Europe
Many small and medium sized producers
The European wood pellet market Conclusions
The European wood pellet market is the worlds largest market this will not change
Europe is still the worlds largest wood pellet producer with 50% of global production, but North America may overtake Europe in time
Contrary to expectations production volumes in nearly all European countries are showing healthy increases
Consumption the power market has levelled off Consumption in the CHP and heat markets are showing good growth More and more wood pellet manufacturers are selling into both the heat and
power markets It looks like 2016 will be a tough year for industrial pellet producers
ONE OF THE WORLDS LEADING SALES AND MARKETING ORGANIZATIONS FOCUSING ON THE GLOBAL FOREST INDUSTRY.