Producing nursery crops

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Post on 13-May-2015

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<ul><li>1.Producing Nursery Crops Term: Nursery Crops Plant:Clematis</li></ul> <p>2. Clematis </p> <ul><li>Deciduous Vine </li></ul> <ul><li>Many Varieties </li></ul> <ul><li>USDA Zone 4 9 </li></ul> <ul><li>Height 10-12 </li></ul> <ul><li>Blooms mid spring to mid summer white, pink, purple</li></ul> <ul><li>Full Sun </li></ul> <ul><li>Propagate from soft or semi-softwood cuttings </li></ul> <ul><li>Needs a support and wire to grow on </li></ul> <ul><li>Grows best if roots are shaded </li></ul> <p>3. Nursery Crops </p> <ul><li>Perennial plants grown for the landscape industry.</li></ul> <ul><li>Includes trees, shrubs and ground covers, but usually not flowers (usually greenhouse crops) </li></ul> <ul><li>Can be large or small operations. </li></ul> <p>4. Types of Nurseries </p> <ul><li>Field Grown </li></ul> <ul><li>Container Grown </li></ul> <p>5. Field (in ground) nursery vs. Container nursery </p> <ul><li>Nursery plants grown in maintained garden plots need good quality site </li></ul> <ul><li>Trees grow better, no blow-over </li></ul> <ul><li>Less water &amp; labor intensive </li></ul> <ul><li>Can be balled &amp; burlap or bare-root </li></ul> <ul><li>Only small plants can be harvested as bare-root </li></ul> <ul><li>Only harvest when dormant</li></ul> <ul><li>Trees require large specialized equipment </li></ul> <ul><li>Product is heavy and field soil must be replaced </li></ul> <p>6. Bareroot Plants </p> <ul><li>Grow in very loose medium </li></ul> <ul><li>Very common for forestry trees </li></ul> <ul><li>Plants sold at 2 or 3 years old </li></ul> <ul><li>Harvest when dormant plant before emerge in spring </li></ul> <p>7. Root growth </p> <ul><li>Growing field nursery plants requires special knowledge and care of the root systems </li></ul> <ul><li>Different plants have different shaped roots </li></ul> <ul><li>Few trees or shrubs have tap roots </li></ul> <p>8. Tree Spade 9. Container Nursery </p> <ul><li>Requires less land than field nursery </li></ul> <ul><li>Shorter production cycle (6 mos 2 years) </li></ul> <ul><li>Daily irrigation is required </li></ul> <ul><li>Harvest year round </li></ul> <ul><li>Must protect from extreme heat and cold </li></ul> <ul><li>More efficient for small shrubs </li></ul> <ul><li>Need ground cover for weed control </li></ul> <ul><li>Easier to use fertigation system </li></ul> <p>10. New methods </p> <ul><li>In-ground fabric containers (grow bags) </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Allow moisture exchange with soil </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Insulate against extreme temperatures </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Pot in pot </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Large pot is sunk into the ground and a smaller containerized stock is grown inside ofthe larger </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>Cellugro </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Uses cells instead of containers </li></ul></li></ul> <p>11. Scale </p> <ul><li>Homeowner part-time </li></ul> <ul><li>Large industry </li></ul> <ul><li>Link </li></ul> <p>12. Containers </p> <ul><li>1 gallon is standard size for most small perennials </li></ul> <ul><li>Sized from 1 to 45 gallons </li></ul> <ul><li>#10 pot holds about 10 gallons </li></ul> <p>13. Meadow Farms </p> <ul><li>Meadows Farms, Inc. is one of the largest independently owned nursery and garden centers in the country </li></ul> <ul><li>23 retail locations </li></ul> <ul><li>750 employees, and a</li></ul> <ul><li>Landscape facility housing 39 designers and sending out over 70 crews a day.</li></ul> <ul><li>A nursery growing operation,</li></ul> <p>14. Local Companies </p>

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