Principles of Agricultural Science – Plant 1. 2 A Dash of Salinity Unit 2 – Mineral Soils Lesson 2.2 Soil Chemistry Principles of Agricultural Science

Download Principles of Agricultural Science – Plant 1. 2 A Dash of Salinity Unit 2 – Mineral Soils Lesson 2.2 Soil Chemistry Principles of Agricultural Science

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Principles of Agricultural Science Plant 1 </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> 2 A Dash of Salinity Unit 2 Mineral Soils Lesson 2.2 Soil Chemistry Principles of Agricultural Science Plant </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> 3 The Woes of the Desert Areas with high rainfall cause soils to become acidic because water leaches hydroxyl ions away. However, in arid regions the lack of rainfall can cause the other extreme in soil chemistry: Salinity </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> 4 Salting of the Earth Soil salts combine with common soil elements: Magnesium Calcium Chloride Sulfates and of course Sodium </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> 5 How Salt Accumulates In farmland Salts occur naturally from weathering of parent material. Dry conditions allow salt to accumulate because salt is not leached downward by rainfall. Poor drainage causes water to not filter through the soil and be evaporated leaving salts behind. </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> 6 Greenhouse Salts Fertilizer and some irrigation water contains salt compounds. Plenty of water is needed to flush salts from plant pots. Monitor wick irrigation or methods involving bottom watering systems for salt content Notice dried salts around the drainage holes of greenhouse pots </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> 7 Doesnt salt taste better? Water uptake Availability of nutrients Not to plants. Plants have varied tolerances to salt levels based on species. But generally, high salt content will affect: </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> 8 How can you fix the problem? Farmland is very difficult and expensive because of the size of area requiring treatment. Improve drainage Supply ample irrigation Apply gypsum Add mulches </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> 9 A Greenhouse Solution Use overhead irrigation methods. Neutralize salinity in potting media at the time of mixing. Use organic fertilizers. For the greenhouse, salinity is easier to manage if you monitor salinity levels and: </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> 10 Monitoring Salinity Salinity can be monitored by measuring the electrical conductivity of a soil. Special meters determine conductivity in units of deciSiemens per meter (dS/m). Very few plants will surviveabove 16 Only some plants will survive816 Most plants have trouble48 Some sensitive plants have trouble 24 Few problems02 Plant responseSalinity (dS/m) Plant Response to Salinity </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> 11 References Plaster, E. J. (2003). Soil science and management (4th ed.). Clifton Park, NY: Delmar. Redding, K., &amp; Masterman, D. (2007). Biology with Vernier. Beaverton, OR: Vernier Software &amp; Technology. </li> </ul>