premature baby

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Post on 23-Dec-2014



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  • 1. PREPARED BYVASSANTHAN.MTRAINER BCSMail: magizhampoo@gmail.comBlog:

2. PREMATURE BABYBabies born before the 37th week of gestation are born prematurely and aresometimes given the nickname, preemies. Babies who are born closer to 7 Months may not able to Eat Breath Stay warm on their own 3. HEIGHT / WEIGHT CHART Average height and weight of boys at different agesAGE WEIGHT (kg) HEIGHT (cm)Birth3.350.53 months 6.061.16 months 7.867.89 months 9.272.31 year 10.2 76.1 HEIGHT / WEIGHT CHARTAverage height and weight of Girls at different agesAGE WEIGHT (kg) HEIGHT (cm)Birth3.249.93 months 5.460.26 months 7.266.69 months 8.671.11 year 9.575.0(Source: Nutrient Requirements and Recommended Dietary Allowances for Indians,I.C.M.R. 1990.) more details click here 4. Why do premature newborns need special care? A premature newborn is not fully ready to deal with our world. Their little bodies still have areas that need to mature and fullydevelop. Some of these areas include theLungsdigestive systemimmune systemskin. 5. Signs of prematurity include: Body hair (lanugo) Abnormal breathing patterns (shallow, irregular pauses in breathing calledapnea) Enlarged clitoris (female infant) Problems breathing due to immature lungs (neonatal respiratory distresssyndrome) or pneumonia Lower muscle tone and less activity than full-term infants Problems feeding due to difficulty sucking or coordinating swallowing andbreathing Less body fat Small scrotum, smooth without ridges, and undescended testicles (maleinfant) Soft, flexible ear cartilage Thin, smooth, shiny skin, which is often transparent (can see veins underskin) 6. Possible ComplicationsAnemia Possible long-time complicationsBleeding into the braininclude:(intraventricular hemorrhage of theBronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)newborn) or damage to the brains white Delayed growth and developmentmatter Mental or physical disability or delayInfection or neonatal sepsis Retinopathy of prematurity, vision loss,Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) or blindnessNeonatal respiratory distresssyndrome, extra air in the tissue of thelungs (pulmonary interstitialemphysema), bleeding in the lungs(pulmonary hemorrhage)Newborn jaundicePatent ducturs arteriosusSevere intestinal inflammation(necrotizing enterocolitis) 7. GOD GRACE Medical technology has made it possible forpreemies to get through the first few days, weeks ormonths of life until they are able to make it on theirown. 8. Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) NICU is your newborns protected Environment. It may also be his or her home. You should know that it is equipped with aCaring StaffMonitoringAlarm systemsRespiratory Resuscitation Equipment,Access to physicians in every pediatric specialty, 24 hour laboratory service and YOU! 9. Monitoring and alarm systems Monitoring machines vary depending on thehospital and NICU. However, all monitors recordthe heart rate Respiratory rate Blood pressure Temperature 10. Monitoring and alarm systemsA pulse oximeter may be taken to measure the amount of oxygen in the blood.You may notice that your newborn has various sticky pads or cuffs on his Chest Legs Arms Other body parts.These sticky pads and cuffs have wires that connect to the monitor which oftenlooks like a television screen and displays various numbers. 11. Methods of respiratory assistance Endotracheal tube Ventilator Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (C-PAP) Oxygen hood 12. Methods of feeding Intravenous lines Umbilical catheter Oral and nasal feeding Central line (sometimes referred to as a PICC line) 13. EQUIPMENT USED OF PREMATURE Incubator A clear plastic crib that keepsbabies warm and helps protect them fromgerms and noise. Bili lights This is a bright blue fluorescentlight that is located over your babysincubator. This light is used to treat jaundice(yellowing of skin and eyes). 14. Kangaroo Care Kangaroo care is placing a premature baby in anupright position on a mothers bare chest allowingtummy to tummy contact and placing the prematurebaby in between the mothers breasts. The babys head is turned so that the ear is abovethe parents heart. Kangaroo care has been shown to help prematurenewborns with: 15. Kangaroo Care Body temperatureMothers have thermal synchrony with their baby. The study also concluded that when the baby was cold.The mothers body temperature would increase to warm the baby up and visa versa. 16. Kangaroo Care Breastfeeding:Kangaroo care allows easy access to the breastand skin-to-skin contact increases milk let-down. 17. Kangaroo Care Increase weight gainKangaroo care allows the baby to fall into adeep sleep which allows the baby to conserveenergy for more important things. Increasedweight gain means shorter hospital stay. 18. Kangaroo Care Increased intimacy and attachment 19. Breastfeeding Breastfeeding strengthens a babys immune defenses andprovides emotional connections between a mother andher baby. when a baby is born prematurely a mother may not beallowed to breastfeed her baby. Most premature newborns, between 25-29 weeksgestational age, are fed intravenously or through a tube. 20. Breastfeeding If you are planning to breastfeed you should tell your doctor and nurses immediately after the birth.Then you can begin expressing and storing your breast milk for when your baby is ready for it.Your babys digestive system and control of electrolytes will determine when he will be able to handle breast milk through a tube. 21. BreastfeedingThis is when you can use the milk you have stored. Once your babys respiratory system is stabilized hecan begin breastfeeding.Most babies born 35-37 weeks usually can gostraight to breastfeeding. 22. MOM AND DAD INTERACT WITH BABY1. Touch your baby as much as possible. You cando this through gentle touch or even strokingmotions.2. Talk to your baby. Your baby is used to yourvoice(s) and it could be comforting to hearyou. Along with talking you can read or sing toyour baby. 23. MOM AND DAD INTERACT WITH BABY3. Change your babys diaper.4. Participate in your babys firstbath. Depending on yourbabys progress, you may usewashcloths or sponges to dothis.5. Take your babystemperature. 24. Dear AllThe complete slide prepare as per my knowledge tomake for only awarness not for therapy/Treatment.If you find any thing in serious, changes from your baby,immediately consult Doctor.Without Doctor/Physician advice you are not taken anymedicine, therapy and procedure.This complete Slide dedicate to whom Loving KIDS inthe UNIVERSE.BY: VASSANTHAN.M 25. THANKS TO WATCHINGMY STORYVASSANTHAN.M BCS TRAINEREmail: magizhampoo@gmail.comBlog: