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in this issue

Published by Inovar Communications Ltd

World MIM status updateEuro PM2018 technical report

MIM, CIM & Additive Manufacturing

FOR THE METAL, CERAMIC AND CARBIDE INJECTION MOULDING INDUSTRIES

www.pim-international.com

Vol. 1

2 No

. 4 D

ECEM

BER 2

018

Decemeber 2018 Powder Injection Moulding International 3

For the metal, ceramic and carbide injection moulding industries

Publisher & editorial officesInovar Communications Ltd 11 Park PlazaBattlefield Enterprise ParkShrewsbury SY1 3AF, United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0)1743 211991 Fax: +44 (0)1743 469909Email: info@inovar-communications.comwww.pim-international.com

Managing Director and Editor Nick Williams Tel: +44 (0)1743 211993 nick@inovar-communications.com

Publishing DirectorPaul Whittaker Tel: +44 (0)1743 211992 paul@inovar-communications.com

Assistant EditorEmily-Jo HopsonTel: +44 (0)1743 211994emily-jo@inovar-communications.com

Consulting Editors Prof Randall M GermanFormer Professor of Mechanical Engineering, San Diego State University, USA

Dr Yoshiyuki KatoKato Professional Engineer Office, Yokohama, Japan

Professor Dr Frank PetzoldtDeputy Director, Fraunhofer IFAM, Bremen, Germany

Dr David WhittakerDWA Consulting, Wolverhampton, UK

Bernard Williams Consultant, Shrewsbury, UK

Production Hugo Ribeiro, Production Manager Tel: +44 (0)1743 211991 hugo@inovar-communications.com

Advertising Jon Craxford, Advertising Director Tel: +44 (0) 207 1939 749, Fax: +44 (0) 1743 469909 jon@inovar-communications.com

SubscriptionsPowder Injection Moulding International is published on a quarterly basis as either a free digital publication or via a paid print subscription. The annual print subscription charge for four issues is 145.00 including shipping.

Accuracy of contentsWhilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this publication, the publisher accepts no responsibility for errors or omissions or for any consequences arising there from. Inovar Communications Ltd cannot be held responsible for views or claims expressed by contributors or advertisers, which are not necessarily those of the publisher.

Advertisements Although all advertising material is expected to conform to ethical standards, inclusion in this publication does not constitute a guarantee or endorsement of the quality or value of such product or of the claims made by its manufacturer.

Reproduction, storage and usage Single photocopies of articles may be made for personal use in accordance with national copyright laws. All rights reserved. Except as outlined above, no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, photocopying or otherwise, without prior permission of the publisher and copyright owner.

Printed byCambrian Printers, Aberystwyth, United KingdomISSN 1753-1497 (print) ISSN 2055-6667 (online)Vol. 12. No. 4 December 2018 2018 Inovar Communications Ltd

Cover image A Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) machine with components made from SiC/SiC filaments (Courtesy Fraunhofer IKTS)

Positive global trends for the PIM industry?

For the global PIM industry, 2018 appears to have been a year of positive growth. With a lack of hard data, however, the true picture of progress in MIM and CIM is becoming increasingly hard to come by. In both Europe and North America the industry has, to a large extent, relied on annual surveys of sentiment; whilst such surveys give some degree of insight, the complete picture is compromised by limited participation and a lack of raw data. Although regional trade associations would jump at the chance to assess full production data from part makers and materials suppliers, the reality is that within the competitive environment of PIM, this is now almost impossible to achieve. What we are left with is a fragmented view of trends in the PIM industry, sometimes with heavily contrasting estimates of sales values, tonnages, growth and the outlook for the industry. As a result, the performances of powder, feedstock and equipment suppliers have for some time been used as a barometer for the health of the industry. Now, however, with the rapid growth of metal AM, even these indicators can lead to confusion. MIM furnace makers and powder suppliers are busy and are looking to invest in increased capacity, but to what extent will this be driven by MIM-like metal AM processes, rather than growth in MIM itself? Japan is, of course, the exception, and the latest data, published on page 8 of this issue, shows growth in 2017 and a forecast that this will continue in the near future.

Nick Williams,Managing Director & Editor

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December 2018 Powder Injection Moulding International 5Vol. 12 No. 4 2018 Inovar Communications Ltd 55

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In this issue57 Threat or opportunity? The MIM

industry as a partner, a target and a market for metal AM

In September, HP announced its entry into the world of metal Additive Manufacturing with the launch of a new binder-based AM system, the HP Metal Jet. The fact that HPs launch partners, Parmatech and GKN Powder Metallurgy, are well-known MIM producers serves to highlight just how close the worlds of AM and MIM have become; a fact evidenced by multiple launches and developments over the past few years. In this report, Nick Williams reviews the attraction of AM for MIM producers, and the equally strong attraction of MIM for AM machine builders.

67 WORLDPM2018: Global MIM markets show healthy growth

The WORLDPM2018 Congress & Exhibition, Beijing, China, highlighted not only the rapid industrial growth that has been achieved in the country over the past two decades, but also the many advances made in PM materials and production technology. This applies equally to Metal Injection Moulding, which has been enjoying high growth in China as well as in other regions around the world. Bernard Williams summarises the global status of MIM as well as production and technology trends based on key presentations during WORLDPM2018s Plenary and Special Interest Sessions.

77 Ceramic Injection Moulding and Ceramic Additive Manufacturing side by side: Opportunities and challenges

The arrival of production-ready MIM-like metal AM technologies is today opening up a new world of opportunities for MIM producers. As Tassilo Moritz and colleagues from the Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems (IKTS) explain, the same opportunities will soon also be open to CIM producers. In this article, two ceramic AM processes, both based on CIM-like thermoplastic feedstocks, are reviewed and the opportunities and challenges of the processes exam-ined.

87 Euro PM2018: Innovations in MIM highlighted

in Bilbao A number of technical papers presented at Euro

PM2018, Bilbao, Spain, October 14-18, 2018, addressed processing and compositional developments in Metal Injection Moulding. In this report, Dr David Whittaker reviews four papers that cover Lost-Form PIM, an innovative debinding and sintering process, the MIM of Ti-6Al-4V HDH powder with the addition of yttrium, and the use of iron as a low-cost sintering aid for Ti-6Al-7Nb.

Regular features7 Industry news

101 Events guide 102 Advertisers index

https://www.pim-international.com/http://digitalmetal.tech

December 2018 Powder I

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