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  • www.WATTAgNet.com November 2010

    Digital version at www.poultryinternational-digital.com

    Expansion of Asian egg production

    remarkable and dynamic

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    Plus:Campylobacter, welfare under spotlight at European Poultry Conference

    Compartmentalization in the poultry industry

    Enriching the free range and reducing feather pecking

    1011PIcov_1_C2201R14544.BK.indd 35 10/14/2010 11:01:48 AM

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  • November 2010 | www.WATTAgNet.com

    11www.WATTAgNet.com NOVEMBER 2010Volume 49 Number 11

    8 Expansion of Asian egg production remarkable and dynamicWhile Asian egg production has had its di culties over the last two decades, its performance has been dynamic and its expansion remarkable.

    12 Campylobacter, welfare under spotlight at European Poultry ConferenceDelegates hear how, despite progress in welfare and disease issues, more work still needs to be done.

    16 Compartmentalization in the poultry industryHow compartmentalization works and what it could mean for the industry.

    18 Enriching the free range and reducing feather peckingStudies by Australias Poultry CRC have looked at whether encouraging birds into the range leads to less feather pecking.

    22 Second-processing tackles labor and yieldSaving labor and capturing yield are driving investment in poultry second-stage processing, while processors seek to add value and exploit real-time data.

    Features

    Departments

    2 Web Site News 4 Editors Comment 6 Around the World

    26 Products 31 Marketplace 32 Advertisers Index

    November 2010 | www.WATTAgNet.com

    1

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  • www.WATTAgNet.com | November 2010

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  • www.WATTAgNet.com | November 2010

    4

    Turkey genome news is timely celebrationWith turkey consumption reaching its peak over the coming weeks in many markets, the announcement that an international consortium of researchers has completed the majority of the genome sequence of the domestic turkey is particularly timely.

    For the turkey industry, the achievement opens up the possibility of improved meat quality, better disease control and reduced cost.

    In 2008, the consortium set out to map the genetic blueprint for the domesticated turkey. Turkey is only the fourth-most popular meat in the U.S., yet the country is predicted to consume almost 2.4 million metric tons this year. EU consumption is expected to be in the region of 1.8 million metric tons.

    Assistant Professor of Animal and Poultry Sciences at Virginia Techs College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (which contributed to the initiative) Rami Dalloul commented: In the short term, the genome sequence will provide

    scientists with knowledge of specific genes that are important in meat yield and quality, health and disease resistance, fertility and reproduction. For example, we dont always know the mechanism for how post-pathogen interactions work. The genome sequence will allow us to better understand this process, which will in turn give us a better understanding of disease prevention and treatment.

    Additionally, the sequence should have long-term benefits for turkey producers. They may be able to use this new knowledge to grow turkeys more quickly and more healthily. Should they be able to produce the same-sized bird in a shorter period of time, they would also be able to reduce costs.

    An improved understanding of genetic variation in the species and in breeding populations would also lead to the development of new tools that producers could use to breed turkeys that have desirable texture, flavor and leanness.

    The genome sequence may also have applications in the biomedical field. Ed Smith, professor of animal and poultry sciences at Viginia Tech, is investigating an avian condition similar to dilated cardiomyopathy in humans, while other consortium members are studying the effects that aflatoxins have on turkeys.

    Some 93% of the turkeys genome had been sequenced at the time of the announcement. How the remainder will be sequenced has yet to be decided, but the work provides food for thought as we approach the turkey season.

    Editors Comment Mark Clements

    The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute is a charitably funded genomic research center located in Hinxton, near Cambridge, UK. Focused on health and disease, it aims to produce results that can be translated into diagnostics, treatments or therapies that reduce global health burdens.

    Founded in 1993, the institute has participated in some of the important advances in genomic research, developing new understanding of genomes and their role in biology.

    Its research builds understanding of gene function in health and disease as well as creating resources of lasting value to biomedical research.

    As one of the largest sequencing centers in the world, for more than 15 years the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute has produced more than 100 finished genomes, all of which can be downloaded from its web page.

    Employing some 800 staff, more than 90% of its research is carried ou

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