Possible Solutions to the Syrian Refugee Crisis

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<ul><li><p> Country: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland To: Mark Lyall Grant </p><p>From: Lindsey Wright </p><p>Subject: Possible Solutions Regarding the Syrian Refugee Crisis </p><p>Abstract: </p><p>The Syrian Civil War has left millions of Syrian men, women, and children fleeing for their lives </p><p>many seeking asylum in neighbouring Middle Eastern countries, the European Union, and around </p><p>the world, making it one of the most pressing humanitarian issues of the decade. From 2011 to </p><p>2015, more than 470,000 lives have been claimed by the Syrian Civil War and today more than </p><p>13.5 million Syrians are in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria with 4 out of 5 Syrians now </p><p>living in poverty. It is the responsibility of the UK and the international community to continue </p><p>providing necessary humanitarian assistance to Syria, affected neighbouring countries, and refugee </p><p>host countries in order to increase political, social, and economic stability in the region. </p><p>Analysis: </p><p>The United Kingdom has taken many significant measures in financial humanitarian assistance, </p><p>resettlement schemes and military initiatives in order to assist refugees in Syria and the region. </p><p>Initially focusing on purely humanitarian aid, in early 2014, the Home Secretary announced the </p><p>UK government would establish a new resettlement scheme called the Syrian Vulnerable Person </p><p>Resettlement Programme (VPR) which initially focused on providing resettlement options in the </p><p>UK for the elderly, victims of torture and rape, and the disabled. This was in addition to Gateway </p><p>and Mandate schemes under normal asylum regulations. </p><p>In September 2015, former Prime Minister, David Cameron, announced a significant extension to </p><p>the Syrian VPR scheme, stating the UK governments new commitment in accepting 20,000 Syrian </p><p>refugees by 2020 offering acceptance to the most vulnerable Syrian refugees in Jordan, Lebanon, </p><p>Iraq, Egypt and Turkey. Along with providing logistical and financial support to European Union </p><p>partners in solving the irregular immigration crisis, the UK government would partner and </p><p>collaborate with UNHCR and NGOs such as Save the Children in order to effectively and </p><p>efficiently deliver the scheme. As of June 2016, about 2,659 refugees have already been resettled </p><p>through the programme in the UK. </p><p>Furthermore, refugees would be granted a five-year Humanitarian Protection status allowing </p><p>refugees to easily access public funds, and the labour market, and have the ability to apply for </p><p>permanent settlement in the UK after the course of 5 years. The UK central government has </p><p>pledged to fully fund the first 12 months of the refugee resettlement costs and committed 126 </p><p>million to help local authority costs for the remainder of the 4 years. </p><p>In April 2016, in response to the increase in irregular immigration and recommendations of the </p><p>UNHCR, the UK government pledged to resettle another 3,000 vulnerable children from conflict-</p></li><li><p>prone regions in the Middle East and North Africa in addition to the Syrian VPR programme during </p><p>this Parliament. The Vulnerable Children's Resettlement Programme (VCRS) would provide safe, </p><p>legal routes to the UK for vulnerable, unaccompanied children which are most at risk of human </p><p>trafficking and exploitation. </p><p>The United Kingdom has taken a strong position on fundraising efforts in order to provide the </p><p>necessary humanitarian assistance for Syria and the region. As one of the co-hosts of the </p><p>Supporting Syria and the Region Conference London 2016, the United Kingdom government </p><p>pledged an extra 1.2 billion, a total of 2.3 billion, making it the 2nd largest bilateral donor to </p><p>Syria and host countries. Funding will be allocated to more than 30 partners, including United </p><p>Nations agencies and international non-governmental organisations to give support inside Syria </p><p>and the region. We have also addressed 46 million from the UK Conflict, Stability, and Security </p><p>Fund at a means to support the Department for International Developments local actions to </p><p>construct and maintain political stability and resilience in Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq </p><p>and Egypt. </p><p>The UK has additionally taking military initiatives at a means of bringing political stability back </p><p>into Syria and the region. As a part of the High Negotiations of Committee in Syrian Opposition, </p><p>UK and its partners are working towards a political transition and establishment of a new, </p><p>democratically-elected government in Syria, under the Geneva Communiqu, in order to terminate </p><p>Asads regime, and dismantle Daesh and other terrorist groups, benefiting Syrian victims of </p><p>terrorist violence by re-establishing peace and security in the region. As a partner in the military </p><p>campaign, Global Coalition, the UK additionally offers funding and military support to </p><p>governments and moderate groups with respect to driving back and disassembling Daesh. </p><p>Recommendations: </p><p> Encourage EU member states to collaborate with local NGOs, charities, UN agencies, and UNHCR at a means of maintaining long-term social and economic assistance to </p><p>refugees in the region providing host countries with better access to basic necessities, </p><p>public services, economic opportunities, and education. </p><p> Improve methods of categorizing between refugees and economic migrants to provide much needed support and protection to most vulnerable refugees and mitigate the need for </p><p>dangerous journeys to the EU putting many at risk of exploitation and human trafficking </p><p>especially women and children. </p><p> Urge the international community to continue contributing to the Syria Humanitarian Response Program at a means of supporting refugees in Syria </p><p>strengthening early recovery and livelihood, education, emergency telecommunications, </p><p>food security and agriculture, health, nutrition, shelter, water, sanitation &amp; hygiene. </p><p> Continue collaborating with international partners in the Global Coalition providing funding, military training, and border control for groups fighting against Daesh to ensure </p><p>regional and international security. </p><p> Strengthen relations with the High Negotiations Committee of the Syrian Opposition (HNC) partnering with and representing moderate military and political groups opposing </p><p>the Asad regime in order to establish a political transition, terminate Asads regime, and </p><p>combat against Daesh and other extremist groups. </p></li></ul>

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