Possible Solutions to the Syrian Refugee Crisis

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Post on 11-Apr-2017




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Country: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland To: Mark Lyall Grant From: Lindsey Wright Subject: Possible Solutions Regarding the Syrian Refugee Crisis Abstract: The Syrian Civil War has left millions of Syrian men, women, and children fleeing for their lives many seeking asylum in neighbouring Middle Eastern countries, the European Union, and around the world, making it one of the most pressing humanitarian issues of the decade. From 2011 to 2015, more than 470,000 lives have been claimed by the Syrian Civil War and today more than 13.5 million Syrians are in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria with 4 out of 5 Syrians now living in poverty. It is the responsibility of the UK and the international community to continue providing necessary humanitarian assistance to Syria, affected neighbouring countries, and refugee host countries in order to increase political, social, and economic stability in the region. Analysis: The United Kingdom has taken many significant measures in financial humanitarian assistance, resettlement schemes and military initiatives in order to assist refugees in Syria and the region. Initially focusing on purely humanitarian aid, in early 2014, the Home Secretary announced the UK government would establish a new resettlement scheme called the Syrian Vulnerable Person Resettlement Programme (VPR) which initially focused on providing resettlement options in the UK for the elderly, victims of torture and rape, and the disabled. This was in addition to Gateway and Mandate schemes under normal asylum regulations. In September 2015, former Prime Minister, David Cameron, announced a significant extension to the Syrian VPR scheme, stating the UK governments new commitment in accepting 20,000 Syrian refugees by 2020 offering acceptance to the most vulnerable Syrian refugees in Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, Egypt and Turkey. Along with providing logistical and financial support to European Union partners in solving the irregular immigration crisis, the UK government would partner and collaborate with UNHCR and NGOs such as Save the Children in order to effectively and efficiently deliver the scheme. As of June 2016, about 2,659 refugees have already been resettled through the programme in the UK. Furthermore, refugees would be granted a five-year Humanitarian Protection status allowing refugees to easily access public funds, and the labour market, and have the ability to apply for permanent settlement in the UK after the course of 5 years. The UK central government has pledged to fully fund the first 12 months of the refugee resettlement costs and committed 126 million to help local authority costs for the remainder of the 4 years. In April 2016, in response to the increase in irregular immigration and recommendations of the UNHCR, the UK government pledged to resettle another 3,000 vulnerable children from conflict-prone regions in the Middle East and North Africa in addition to the Syrian VPR programme during this Parliament. The Vulnerable Children's Resettlement Programme (VCRS) would provide safe, legal routes to the UK for vulnerable, unaccompanied children which are most at risk of human trafficking and exploitation. The United Kingdom has taken a strong position on fundraising efforts in order to provide the necessary humanitarian assistance for Syria and the region. As one of the co-hosts of the Supporting Syria and the Region Conference London 2016, the United Kingdom government pledged an extra 1.2 billion, a total of 2.3 billion, making it the 2nd largest bilateral donor to Syria and host countries. Funding will be allocated to more than 30 partners, including United Nations agencies and international non-governmental organisations to give support inside Syria and the region. We have also addressed 46 million from the UK Conflict, Stability, and Security Fund at a means to support the Department for International Developments local actions to construct and maintain political stability and resilience in Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt. The UK has additionally taking military initiatives at a means of bringing political stability back into Syria and the region. As a part of the High Negotiations of Committee in Syrian Opposition, UK and its partners are working towards a political transition and establishment of a new, democratically-elected government in Syria, under the Geneva Communiqu, in order to terminate Asads regime, and dismantle Daesh and other terrorist groups, benefiting Syrian victims of terrorist violence by re-establishing peace and security in the region. As a partner in the military campaign, Global Coalition, the UK additionally offers funding and military support to governments and moderate groups with respect to driving back and disassembling Daesh. Recommendations: Encourage EU member states to collaborate with local NGOs, charities, UN agencies, and UNHCR at a means of maintaining long-term social and economic assistance to refugees in the region providing host countries with better access to basic necessities, public services, economic opportunities, and education. Improve methods of categorizing between refugees and economic migrants to provide much needed support and protection to most vulnerable refugees and mitigate the need for dangerous journeys to the EU putting many at risk of exploitation and human trafficking especially women and children. Urge the international community to continue contributing to the Syria Humanitarian Response Program at a means of supporting refugees in Syria strengthening early recovery and livelihood, education, emergency telecommunications, food security and agriculture, health, nutrition, shelter, water, sanitation & hygiene. Continue collaborating with international partners in the Global Coalition providing funding, military training, and border control for groups fighting against Daesh to ensure regional and international security. Strengthen relations with the High Negotiations Committee of the Syrian Opposition (HNC) partnering with and representing moderate military and political groups opposing the Asad regime in order to establish a political transition, terminate Asads regime, and combat against Daesh and other extremist groups.