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Download Political Parties “Linkage Institution”. Essential Question To what extent are political parties necessary to democracy?

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  • Slide 1
  • Political Parties Linkage Institution
  • Slide 2
  • Essential Question To what extent are political parties necessary to democracy?
  • Slide 3
  • Linkage Political parties link government and its power to us, the people They provide a bridge to government Did you know political parties are not mentioned anywhere in the Constitution?
  • Slide 4
  • The Framers The Founding Fathers actually viewed factions as dangers which needed to be controlled. They distrusted them! Yet those same guys became the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists (the first political parties) This was the main debate transitioning from the Articles of Confederation to the Constitution of 1787.
  • Slide 5
  • The Framers cont. Here are the basics.. Anti-Federalists Opposed a strong federal government Patrick Henry, Samuel Adams Federalists For a strong federal government Alexander Hamilton, John Adams
  • Slide 6
  • Why Parties? The competition for power in a democracy needs to be organized Otherwise the democracy would be chaotic and unworkable Even though we inherently distrust their partisanship
  • Slide 7
  • Party Structure National Convention meets every 4 years, nominates President National Committee manages party affairs on daily basis Congressional campaign committee supports partys candidates National chair manages daily work
  • Slide 8
  • Goal of a Political Party? WIN ELECTIONS
  • Slide 9
  • Function of Parties 1.Connecting citizens to government (linkage institution) -Political Efficacy citizen participation level and awareness of government decisions 2.Run candidates for political office 3.Inform the public help voters decide who to vote for in elections 4.Organizing government coordinate government policy-making 5.Act as a watchdog
  • Slide 10
  • Parties are unifying Too many parties might splinter society A few, well organized parties: Encourage compromise Blunt tensions Marginalize extremism This is why political parties formed in every democracy Despite a lack of definition in Constitution
  • Slide 11
  • Why 2 parties? Winner-take-all system Winner receives a seat while loser receives nothing 3 rd party usually joins one of other parties Opposite Proportional Representation % of votes is directly applied as the % of representatives
  • Slide 12
  • U.S. Political Parties
  • Slide 13
  • Left or Right? Left Federalists Whigs Republicans Progressives Democrats Liberal Right Anti-Federalists Democratic- Republicans Democrats Republicans Conservative
  • Slide 14
  • Grass Roots Grass Roots parties can also reach the voters personally and get-out-the-vote on a local level
  • Slide 15
  • Minor Parties Third Parties have played a role in politics Types 1.Individual personality those dominated by one figure head (Ex. 1912 Theodore Roosevelt Bull-Moose, 1968 George Wallace American Independent Party) 2.Long-lasting goal or ideology (Ex. Abolitionists, Prohibitionists, Socialists)
  • Slide 16
  • Major Third Parties Ideological Socialist Party, Communist Party, Green Party, Libertarian Party One-issue (or single-issue) Free-soil, Know-Nothing, Prohibition, Womans Party Economic protest Populists Factional Progressives, Dixiecrats, Reform
  • Slide 17
  • Party Identification Dealignment weak membership, more independents or moderates popular trend in the last 50 years. Im not Republican or Democrat Strait ticket voting strong party membership, support all candidates for one party Ticket splitting voting for candidates from multiple parties
  • Slide 18
  • Eras in American History Founding (1789 1824) Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists/Dem-Rep Controversy: Federalism Jacksonian Period (1824 1840) Democrat vs. Whig Controversy: Jackson himself
  • Slide 19
  • Eras in American History Sectionalism (1840 1876) Democrats vs. Whigs (and Republicans) Controversy: Slavery and Reconstruction Era of Reform (1876 present) Democrats vs. Republicans Controversy: Government in economy
  • Slide 20
  • Realignments 1800 First peaceful transition of power 1828 First heated election 1860 Lead to Civil War based around civil rights 1896 Decided social roles of the parties re: business 1932 Decided social roles of the parties re: the people
  • Slide 21
  • Realignment? Gridlock Congress and Presidency controlled by different parties 2004 - Republican sweep of Congress and Presidency - party loyalty stronger? 2006 - split the Presidency and Congress again 2008 - brought a Democratic sweep 2010 Republican sweep, but Senate still barely Democrat 2012?
  • Slide 22
  • Divided government When one branch is one party, the other branch is the other party President Obama, Democrat House of Reps, Republican Senate, Democrat How might this affect the dynamic process of government? Does it constrain or enhance change? Is this good for government?
  • Slide 23
  • Slide 24
  • Slide 25
  • Review Political parties link government and its power to us, the people They provide a bridge to government Political parties are not mentioned anywhere in the Constitution.
  • Slide 26
  • Why Parties? The competition for power in a democracy needs to be organized Otherwise the democracy would be chaotic and unworkable Even though we inherently distrust their partisanship
  • Slide 27
  • Essential Question To what extent are political parties necessary to democracy?

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