poetry it’s rhyme time! poetry vocabulary end rhyme rhythm repetition alliteration onomatopoeia...

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  • POETRY Its rhyme time!
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  • POETRY VOCABULARY End rhyme Rhythm Repetition Alliteration Onomatopoeia Simile Metaphor Free Verse Assonance Consonance Personification
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  • RHYME Rhyme is used in many poems. Using words that sound alike makes poetry fun to read and write. Examples: drink & stink world & hurled
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  • Rhythm A strong, regular, repeated pattern of movement or sound. Hiawatha's Departure from The Song of Hiawatha by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow By the shore of Gitchie Gumee, By the shining Big-Sea-Water, At the doorway of his wigwam, In the pleasant Summer morning, Hiawatha stood and waited.
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  • Repetition Repetition of a sound, syllable, word, phrase, line, stanza, or metrical pattern for effect / emotion. Here comes summer, Chirping robin, budding rose. Here comes summer, Gentle showers, summer clothes. By Shel Silverstein
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  • Alliteration the repetition of beginning consonant sounds within a phrase or sentence. My beautiful bubbles burst and then, I simply blow some more again. The setting sun slipped slowly down, Making room for the milky moon.
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  • Simile and Metaphor Similes are comparisons that use like or as. Her eyes are as green as emeralds. Clouds soft and fluffy like marshmallows. Metaphors are comparisons that say one thing is another. My fathers anger is a volcano about to blow.
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  • Free Verse Free verse is poetry that has neither a particular beat or rhyme pattern. It usually does have rhythm, however. Fog by Carl Sandburg The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then moves on.
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  • Onomatopoeia Onomatopoeia is the use of words that imitate sounds. Wham! Splat! Pow! I am in trouble now!
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  • Personification is giving inanimate (non- human) objects, animals or emotions human characteristics. For example, Rikki Tikki Tavi, etc.
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  • Assonance is rhyme in which the same vowel sounds are used with different consonants in the stressed syllables of the rhyming words. For example, time and light or mystery and mastery. Consonance is the repetition of final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words. For example: Ralegh has backed the maid to a tree As Ireland is backed to England And drives inland Till all her strands are breathless.
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  • Patterned Poetry Patterned poems usually do not rhyme! They follow a specific pattern. Examples include haiku, cinquain, acrostic, and concrete poetry.
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  • A Japanese poem of seventeen syllables, in three lines of five, seven, and five. Nature An afternoon breeze expels cold air, along with the fallen brown leaves. Humor The flightless bird hops Waddle waddle waddle flop And down it tumbles Haiku
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  • Cinquain A short poem consisting of five lines, usually unrhymed, containing two, four, six, eight, and two syllables. (Any stanza of five lines.) apple red, delicious crunching, chewing, eating my favorite snack, juicy red apple
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  • Acrostic A poem in which a series of written lines or verses where the first, last, or other particular letters form a word, phrase, etc. Libraries I used to think offered a very out of date Insight into life offering nothing but dusty shelves But as I began to grow a little older I have started to Realise times have totally moved on and their Approach has stepped away from the straight academia Reflecting all the many changes in society but making You now wish people didn't take them for granted.
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  • Concrete A concrete poem is a poem whose meaning is conveyed through its graphic shape or pattern on the printed page.
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  • Other Forms of Poetry Narrative poetry is based on storytelling (the oral tradition) and always has a plot. Lyric poetry expresses personal and emotional feelings. It is usually short and song-like. Sonnet 14 lines divided into 3 quatrains Ode a long, serious poem, often a tribute to a person, place, thing, or sentiment


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