poetry. figurative language review  alliteration  repeating...

Download POETRY. Figurative Language Review  Alliteration  repeating the first sound in words  Ex. the splendid silent sun  Hyperbole  an exaggeration used

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  • Figurative Language Review Alliteration repeating the first sound in words Ex. the splendid silent sun Hyperbole an exaggeration used to make a point EX. a mountain of work
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  • Personification giving human characteristics to nonhuman things EX. Is the moon tired? Onomatopoeia words in which sound suggests their meaning EX. boom, buzz, zip, zap, squeak
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  • Metaphor a comparison between two unlike things EX. He is a star. Simile a comparison that uses like or as EX. hard as a rock; eats like a bird
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  • The Moon by Robert Louis Stevenson The moon has a face like the clock in the hall; She shines on thieves on the garden wall, On streets and fields and harbor quays, And birdies asleep in the forks of the trees. The squalling cat and the squeaking mouse, The howling dog by the door of the house, The bat that lies in bed at noon, All love to be out by the light of the moon.
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  • PRACTICE Which words from the poem are the BEST examples of onomatopoeia? a. face, clock b. thieves, garden c. squeaking, howling d. noon, light ANSWER: C. Squeaking, howling
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  • PRACTICE Read this line from the poem. The moon has a face like the clock in the hall; The figurative language used here is a. hyperbole. b. repetition. c. personification. d. simile. ANSWER: D. Simile
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  • Mood and Tone Mood: the feeling the author has created within you A writer often wants the readers to get a certain emotional feeling while they are reading. The setting and the description of the setting is one of the common methods a writer uses to set the mood.
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  • Mood and Tone Tone: the writers attitude toward a topic The writer uses words to covey his/her attitude towards a topic or character. a writer can have different tones toward different characters
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  • Excerpt from Two Friends by Guy de Maupassant Paris was blockaded, starved, in its death agony. Sparrows were becoming scarcer and scarcer on the rooftops and the sewers were being depopulated. One ate whatever one could get. As he was strolling sadly along the outer boulevard one bright January morning, his hands in his trousers pockets and his stomach empty, M. Morissot, watchmaker by trader but local militiaman whom he recognized as a friend. It was M. Sauvage, a riverside acquaintance.
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  • What is the most likely setting of this passage? a. rural community b. war torn city c. political gathering d. joyful reunion Answer: B. War Torn City
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  • Which words provide the best clues about the time and place? a. sparrows, sewers b. trousers, watchmakers c. Paris, militiamen d. boulevard, riverside ANSWER: C. Paris, militiamen
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  • Read Sentence 1. Paris was blockaded, starved, in its death agony. This sentence establishes what mood? a. somber b. humorous c. enraged d. whimsical ANSWER: A. Somber
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  • The writers tone is best described as a. distant b. lighthearted c. angry d. serious Answer: D. serious
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  • Sound Devices Repetition Rhyme Scheme Free Verse Internal Rhyme Slant Rhyme
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  • Repetition Definition: repeating a word or phrase to add rhythm or stress an idea Example: Play up! Play up! and play the game!
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  • PRACTICE When Alex's mother asked him if he had checked his homework, Alex replied, "Yes, I checked it over and over and over and over again. Which word is being repeated? OVER
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  • PRACTICE Poe uses repetition in the following lines from "The Bells"? What is being repeated? How they tinkle, tinkle, tinkle In the icy air of night! While the stars that oversprinkle All the heavens, seem to twinkle With a crystaline delight; TINKLE
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  • Rhyme Scheme Definition: refers to the patterns of rhyming lines A letter of the alphabet is assigned to each line.
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  • Thus, the first line would be assigned an a. If the end of the second line rhymes with the end of the first, it also gets an a. If not, it gets a b, and so on.
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  • Rhyme Scheme Example Happy the man who, safe on shore, Now trims, at home, his evening fire; Unmoved, he hears the tempests roar; That or the tufted groves expire A A B B
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  • Happy the man whose wish and care A few paternal acres bound, Content to breathe his native air, In his own ground. A A B B
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  • On the Grasshopper and Cricket by John Keats The poetry of earth is never dead: When all the birds are faint with the hot sun, And hide in calling tree, a voice will run From hedge to hedge about the new-mown mead; That is the Grasshoppershe takes the lead In summer luxury,he has never done With his delights; for when tried out with fun He rests at ease beneath some pleasant weed.
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  • The poetry of earth is ceasing never: On a lone winter evening, when the frost Has wrought a silence, from the stove there shrills The Crickets song, in warmth increasing ever, And seems to one in drowsiness half lost, The Grasshoppers among some grassy hills.
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  • Internal Rhyme Definition: words that rhyme within the same line Example: There sat a fat cat.
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  • The Raven by Edgar Allen Poe Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.
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  • Slant Rhyme Definition: when vowel sounds rhyme, but the words do not It is often called half rhyme because it does not produce exactly matching sounds EXAMPLE: heart/scarf
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  • Lines written in Dejection by William Butler Yeats: When have I last looked on The round green eyes and the long wavering bodies Of the dark leopards of the moon? All the wild witches, those most noble ladies,..
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  • Hope is the Thing with Feathers by Emily Dickenson Hope is the thing with feathers That perches in the soul, And sings the tune without the words, And never stops at all.
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  • Free Verse Definition: poetry that does not use rhyme patterns of meter This means the poems rhyme varies from line to line. The poet makes his/her OWN rules about rhythm, rhyme, sound, feel, look of a poem.
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  • I Dreamd in a Dream by Walt Whitman I DREAM'D in a dream I saw a city invincible to the attacks of the whole of the rest of the earth, I dream'd that was the new city of Friends, Nothing was greater there than the quality of robust love, it led the rest, It was seen every hour in the actions of the men of that city, And in all their looks and words.


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