plant protection code in tea: a step towards safetyof indian tea

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Plant Protection Code:A Step towards safety of Tea



2. PLANT PROTECTION CODE(PPC)SAFE USE OF PLANTPROTECTION PRODUCTADHERENCE TO THE SAFETYSTANDARDS FOR PRODUCTION OF TEACONSERVATION OF THE BIODIVERSITY BY SUSTAINABLE METHODOF CULTIVATION 3. GENESIS OF THE PLANT PROTECTION CODE1 FOOD SAFETY AND STANDARD ACT, 2006 FOOD SAFETY AND STANDARDS AUTHORITY OF INDIA(FSSAI)2 INSECTICIDE ACT, 1968 AND INSECTICIDE RULES,1971 CENTRAL INSECTICIDE BOARD & REGISTRATIONCOMMITTEE3 +50 YEARS RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT IN TEA BY TRA,UPASI-TRI & DTR&DC OTHER NATIONAL & INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS VIZ.,EPA,FAO,WHO,CODEX,EUROPEAN STANDARDS ETC., 4. 1PRINCIPLES OF PLANT PROTECTION CODE USE OF ONLY RECOMMENDED PPFS IN PRODUCTION OFTEA TO GET THE OPTIMUM PRODUCTIVITY2 REDUCTION IN THE DEPENDENCY OF CHEMICALS BYSUSTAINABLE APPROACH IN TEA CULTIVATION, GOODAGRICULTURAL PRACTICES, IPM, BIOLOGICAL CONTROLS,ORGANIC TEA CULTIVATION, ETC.,3 RESPONSIBLE CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT THROUGH PROPERSELECTION, JUDICIAL USAGE, SAFE STORAGE, PROPERTRANSPORTATION & DISPOSAL, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH &SAFETY AND GREEN CHEMISTRY4 PROTECTION THE ENVIRONMENT, HUMAN AND THE BIO-DIVERSITY FLORA & FAUNA BY MINIMISING THE USE OFPESTICIDES.; COULD BE ACHIEVED THROUGH EFFECTIVEGOVERNANCE, REVIEW AND MONITORING 5. LIST OF APPROVED PLANT PROTECTION FORMULATION FOR USEIN TEA PLANTATION Dicofol 18.5 EC, Ethion 50 EC, Fenazaquin 10 EC, Fenpyroximate 5 EC/SC,Hexythiazox 5.45 EC, Propargite 57 EC, Sulphur 80 WP, Sulphur 40 WP,Sulphur 52 SC, Spiromesifen 22.9, Etoxazole 10 SC, Flumite 20 SC,Flufenzine 20 SCACARICIDES Azadirachtin 1 EC, Azadirachtin 5 EC, Bifenthrin 8 SC, Clothianidin 50WDG, Deltamethrin 2.8 EC, Fenpropathrin 30 EC, Phosalone 35 EC,Profenofos 50 EC, Quinalphos 25 EC, Quinalphos 20 AF, Thiocloprid 21.7SC, Thiamethoxam 25 WGINSECTICIDES Copper Hydroxide 77 WP, Copper Oxychloride 50 WP, Hexaconazole 5 EC,Propiconazole 25 EC, Bitertanol 25 WPFUNGICIDES Glyphosate 41 SL, Glyphosate 71 SG, Glufosinate Amonium 13.5 SL,Oxyflourfen 23.5 EC, Paraquat Dichloride 24 WSC, *2.4.D Amine Salt 22.5SL (* yet to be updated by CIB in their website)HERBICIDESThis list does not contain extremely and highly hazardous chemicals classified under WHO 1a & 1b and are fully alignedwith Rotterdam and Stockholm conventions.The above list is dynamic and may change from time to time based on CIB approved list of pesticides for use in tea andthis may be seen from website of Tea Board 6. EFFECTIVE PEST MANAGEMENT IN TEAINTERCULTURALOPERATIONSINTEGRATED PESTMANAGEMENTPHYSICALCONTROLBIO-PESTICIDESCHEMICALCONTROLSELECTION OFPLANTINGMATERIALSBIOLOGICALCONTROL 7. DOS AND DONTS IN TEA PEST MANAGEMENTMONITOR THE INCIDENCE OF PESTS BY ASSESSING THEIR POPULATION IN THEFIELDMARK THE AREAS FROM WHERE THE PESTS ATTACK STARTSSTART APPROPRIATE CONTROL MEAUSRES IN THE BEGINNING OF THE SEASONINTEGRATE CULTURAL CONTROL METHODS WITH BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMICALCONTROL MEASURESUSE BIO-FORMULATION WHEREVER POSSIBLEUSE PESTICIDES ONLY WHEN IT IS ABSOLUTELY ESSSENTIALSDO NOT ALLOW THE PEST TO CROSS THE ETLDO NOT INCREASE/DECREASE THE RECOMMENDED CONCENTRATION OF PESTICIDESDO NOT MIX TWO OR MORE PESTICIDESDO NOT UNDULY DRENCH THE SOILDO NOT ADD WETTING AGENTS UNLESS RECOMMENDEDDO NOT ALLOW WEEDS TO GROW IN RAVINES, ALONG DRAINS, FOOT PATHS ANDVACANT PATCHESDO NOT ALLOW CATTLE INSIDE THE TEA FIELD 8. HAZARD CATEGORIZATION OF THE PESTICIDESRED EXTREMELYTOXICYELLOW HIGHLY TOXICBLUE MODERATELYTOXICGREEN SLIGHTLY TOXICThe toxicity classification applies only to pesticides which are allowed to be sold in India. Some of theclassified pesticides may be banned in some of the states of India, by decision of the State Government. Someof the Red Label and Yellow label pesticides were banned in the State of Kerala following the Endosulfanprotest of 2011. 9. GUIDELINES FOR SAFE AND EFFECTIVE USE OF PESTICIDESRead carefully the label on the pesticide containerUse the pesticide only when it is essentialUse only the recommended pesticide and buy them only from standard sourcesApply pesticides at the correct dosage and by the recommended methodUse protective clothing like overalls, gloves, goggles, rubber gum-boots and wide-rimmedhatsDo not wear clothes contaminated with pesticidesClean the protective clothing by washing with soap and waterDo not allow children, sick persons and pregnant and nursing mothers to handlepesticidesNever blow out clogged nozzles with mouthDo not use leaking sprayers. Avoid contamination of skin, mouth and eyesDo not inhale the pesticide while mixingNever spray against the windDo not leave pesticides uncared for in the fieldsDo not allow humans and livestock to enter the pesticide sprayed fields for a safeperiod 10. GUIDELINES FOR SAFE AND EFFECTIVE USE OF PESTICIDESCONTDKeep clean water, soaps and towels ready for useWash hands and exposed skin thoroughly with soap and water before eating,drinking, chewing and after workKeep the pesticides locked in store room and out of reach of children and otherunauthorized personsDo not enter sprayed field. Follow the re-entry periods for all pesticides includingherbicides, as suggested by the manufacturesKeep pesticides in their original labeled containersDo not decant pesticides into unlabeled containers, except for immediate useDispose the containers safely after thoroughly emptying and washing. They maybe buried in a place away from wells or water sourcesNever reuse the container for any other purposes: it is impossible to remove thetraces of pesticides from the containersMake sure that those who handle and apply pesticides understand and follow thesafety precautionsIn any case of pesticide poisoning, the affected person should be taken to thenearest hospital or a doctor called in as soon as possible. Before medicalassistance reaches the spot, first-aid may be given to the patient 11. SAFE DISPOSAL OF PESTICIDE CONTAINERSUnwanted pesticides and pesticide containers are serious hazards in the tea gardens if notdisposed off properlyPesticide containers should not be used for any other purposes like storage tanks, live stockfeeding trough etcPesticide containers can never be properly cleaned or decontaminated at garden levelIt is hazardous to leave the empty containers as such. These should be appropriately disposedoffCombustible containers can be burnt unless the container label warns against burning.Containers made of paper, cardboard & plant materials can be disposed off by burningIt is important to note that herbicide containers, pressure cans & aerosol containers should notbe burned and must be buried in the designated areaNon combustible containers should be broken or deformed by punching holes at severalplaces to prevent reuse. They have to be disposed off by burying them in the soilThe spilled pesticides should be absorbed with cloth, cotton or saw dust and disposed offsafely in the designated area by burning or burying, depending on the nature of pesticideContainers containing unwanted pesticide should be buried at a depth of 50 cm in thedesignated areaThe excess or left over pesticide spray fluid should also be disposed off in the designatedpesticide disposal areaThe pesticide waste disposal area in the garden should be on a relatively higher ground, flat orgently sloping, away from any water source. The soil should be deepThe pesticide waste disposal area should not be used for growing crops or for constructingbuildings, wells or ponds 12. TRANSPORTATION OF PLANT PROTECTION FORMULATIONSThe safest means of transporting pesticides by road is an open-type truck. Closed trucks donot offer good ventilation, and materials which give off noxious fumes can be hazardousEnsure that the good are protected against rain during transportationLoad and unload the materials with careDo not throw pesticide packages, or allow them to drop from a heightDo not use hooks in loading bagsNever place pesticide packages under heavy loads of other itemsWhenever possible, do not load pesticides in passenger vehiclesDo not carry foodstuff, animal feed etc., on the same truck as pesticidesDo not transport livestock or domestic animals with pesticidesAvoid puncturing paper containers when handling themLoad only tightly closed and sealed containersWhen loading, check that the outside of the package is not contaminated with pesticideLoad the pesticides on the vehicles in such a way that it does not roll or side from place toplaceDo not transport herbicides with other pesticides and fertilizers 13. CONTDTRANSPORTATION OF PLANT PROTECTION FORMULATIONSDo not allow children to ride on the vehiclePlace boxes with the right side upLoad one container or package at a timeDo not permit handling labour to smoke or prepare and chew tobacco during loading andunloadingLoad carefully within the weight limitation of the vehicle. Ensure that containers do not fall onthe vehicleInform the truck driver of the potential hazards of the pesticideWhen transporting any hazardous substance, it is desirable that the carrier should have aTransport Emergency Card (TREMCARD) inside the vehicleMaterial Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) should be made availableDo not leave a loaded vehicle unattended. Such vehicles may attract the attention of inquisitivechildren or livestockAlways send a detailed inventory of the material loaded in the truck with the driverAfter unloading the truck inspect the body of the vehicle, the tarpaulin used to cover thematerial and other parts of the truck for evidence of leaks or spills. If found, treat spill properlyBefore loading check the truck body for protruding nails, metal strips or other sharp objectswhich could puncture containers. Hammer them flat


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