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6 th Grade UBD - Unit 1 - Places Regions and People. Places Regions and People. Preview. Types of Maps - There are many types of maps, and they all convey different kinds of information about places . Maps are used to organize and convey information in a quick and readily available way. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Unit 1

Places Regions and People6th Grade UBD - Unit 1 - Places Regions and PeoplePreviewTypes of Maps- There are many types ofmaps, and they all convey different kinds of information aboutplaces. Mapsare used to organize and convey information in a quick and readily available way. Defining Regions- Geographers group sets of places into regions based on shared geographic characteristics. By grouping sets ofplaceswith shared characteristics together, geographers can identify and understand patterns and easily compare different locations.

Reach Into Your BackgroundImagine that you and your family are driving across the country. The car you are driving is older and has trouble climbing mountain roads, so your parents want to avoid driving through mountainous areas as much as possible. How would you know which routes to take? (5 minutes)

Partner ActivityWork with a neighbor and compare your answer with theirs. What things are the same and what things are different? (3 minutes)

Key Ideas- Types of MapsMaps are among geographers most important tools. Geographers use maps to answer questions, solve problems, and make comparisons, because maps provide details about a place quickly and easily through visual representations. The three main types of maps are physical maps, political maps, and thematic (or special purpose) maps. Almost all maps include some type of legend, or key, that explains what the various symbols, colors, and lines on a map mean. Mapping Our WorldMapsare designed to highlight information about specific locations.Amapis a diagram that visually represents aplaceon Earth. There are many different kinds ofmaps, and they are all used to show different kinds of information.

Mapping Our WorldCartographers are the people who make maps. Cartographers use different colors to visually represent the physical features that are being mapped.

Key TermCartographer- A person who makes maps.

Take A MapReading Handout- Take A MapPhysical MapAphysical mapshows the physical features of an area. It also provides readers with information about the topography, or the height, depth, and shape, of these features.Physical mapsidentify mountains,deserts, bodies of water, and otherlandforms.

Physical MapBecause color can be used differently in variousmaps, it is always important to look at themapkeyto make sure you understand the information you are reading. The map keyis a box or list found in the corner or on the side of amap. It explains the map symbols.

Key TermPhysical Map- A type of map that shows landforms and bodies of water found in the area -shows the earth's natural features.

Political MapsPolitical mapsare another common type ofmap.Political mapsidentify political boundaries betweenplaces. A political boundary is the dividing line that separates neighboring areas controlled by different governments or groups.

Political MapsPolitical boundaries sometimes correspond to natural geographic boundaries like mountains or rivers. Most often, though, political boundaries are imaginary lines decided by those who hold political power.

Political MapsWithoutpolitical maps, you might not know where most of the dividing lines fall between cities, states, or even different countries. Knowing where political borders are is very important.

Political MapsPolitical borders also determine who controls the natural resources of an area, such as oil deposits and waterways.Throughout history, people have argued over political borders. Territorial disputes often arise when borders have never been spelled out clearly.

Key TermPolitical Map- A map that shows all the boundaries of nations and other political units.

Thematic MapsThematic maps show information related to a certain theme or subject. Suchmapsare very useful because they can provide details about aplacequickly and easily through visual representations rather than words.

Thematic MapsThe information presented onthematic mapscan relate to either physical geographythe physical features of Earthor human geographythe ways that people interact with the environment.

Thematic MapsThematic mapsshow information about a specific theme or subject. They are also sometimes called special-purposemaps.Climatemaps,vegetationmaps, and population densitymapsare examples of thematic maps.Thematic mapscan be used to help draw conclusions about a particularplace, or to compare different locations with one another.Key TermThematic Map- Show information related to a certain theme or subject.

Classroom Activity- Reading MapsClassroom Activity- Reading MapsKey Ideas- Defining RegionsDividing the world intoregionshelps geographers organize information and identify patterns.Physicalregionsare defined by physical geography characteristics likelandformsand bodies of water.Cultural regionsare defined by human characteristics like religion, language, political borders, and economic industries.There are many different ways to divide the world and smaller areas intoregions.

Defining RegionsA region is a group of nearby places that all share certain characteristics. These shared characteristics could be physical geography features such as similar climate, vegetation, or landforms.

Defining RegionsA region can also be defined by human and cultural features, such as major industries, ethnic populations, languages spoken, or religions practiced.

Physical RegionsPhysicalregionsare defined by having similarlandformsor other physical characteristics. For instance, there are mountainous regions, costal regions, and river valley regions. There areregionsthat share a cold, icyclimate, and others that are united by a hot, dryclimate.

Cultural RegionsCultural regionsare defined by human characteristics rather than physical characteristics. National borders and other political divisions, economic trends or industrial activities, languages spoken, types of religion, and ethnic heritage are all examples of cultural regions.

RegionsVideo- RegionsIndependent Activity What has been the muddiest point so far in this lesson? That is, what topic remains the least clear to you? (4 minutes)

Partner ActivityWork with a neighbor and compare your muddiest point with theirs. Compare what things are the same and what things are different? (3 minutes)