Pillsbury the Extraordinary

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<ul><li><p>PILLSBURY THE </p><p>EXTRAORDINARY </p><p>ANDREW SOLTIS KEN SMITH </p><p>CHESS DIGEST </p></li><li><p>Copyright0 1990 A n drew Soltis &amp; Ken Smith </p><p>All rights rese rved unde r Pan American and I n te rnationa l Copyright con ven t ions. </p><p>ISBN: 0-87568-1875 </p><p>No part o f this publ i cat ion m a y be rep rod u ced , s tored in a retri eva l sys tem, or t ransmit ted in a n y form, o r by any means: e lectron ic, e lect rostat ic , m agnet i c tapes, me chan i ca l photocop y ing, record ing, or oth e r wise , without prior and cu rrent permission from the publishe r. </p><p>Authors: A n d re w Sol tis &amp; K e n S mith Editor: John Hal l Computer Typesetting: Ela ine Smith Photo Provided: C. Gab riele Win k l e r Cover: Elaine Smith P roo freader: Hugh Myers Diagram Paste-up: Laurin Cu rtis Final Preparation &amp; Diagrams: David Sewell </p><p>Publisher: Chess Digest, I n c. , 1 1836 J u d d Cou rt, #338-E, D al l as, Texas 75234-4402 </p><p>Send the publisher $2.00 for the New Chess Guide that catalogs every chess book for general sale in the United States. You are given publishers, page counts, notation, and critical reviews. Also included is a free Chess Improvement Course for Beginners up through Master level players. </p></li><li><p>Manh attan Chess Club New York 1893 </p></li><li><p>4 Table of Contents </p><p>TABLE OF CONTENTS </p><p>Photo: Pillsbury at the Manhattan Chess Club, New York 1893 </p><p>PART ONE: BIOGRAPHY by Andrew Soltis </p><p>CHAPTER ONE The Young Years </p><p>CHAPTER TWO Hero o f Hastings </p><p>CHAPTER THREE Pillsbu ry Versus Laske r </p><p>CHAPTER FOUR Othe r S truggles </p><p>CHAPTER FIVE Li fe o f a P ro fessional </p><p>CHAPTER SIX Portrait o f the B l ind fold Artist </p><p>CHAPTER SEVEN Final Steps </p><p>PART TWO GAMES by Ken Smith </p><p>GAME ONE Pillsbu ry vs Tarrasch Hastings 1895 </p><p>GAME TWO Mieses v s Pi l lsbury Hast ings 1895 </p><p>GAME THREE Pi l lsbu ry vs Mason Hastings 1 895 </p><p>GAME FOUR Pi llsbury vs Laske r N u remberg 1896 </p><p>Page </p><p>3 </p><p>8 </p><p>16 </p><p>2 6 </p><p>2 8 </p><p>3 1 </p><p>42 </p><p>48 </p><p>53 </p><p>59 </p><p>6 1 </p><p>65 </p></li><li><p>Table o f Contents </p><p>GAME FIVE Pi l lsbury vs Wi nawer Bu dapest 1896 </p><p>GAME SIX Showal ter vs P i l l sbury New York 1 897 </p><p>GAME SEVEN Pi l lsbu ry vs T a rrasch Vienna 1898 </p><p>GAME EIGHT Showal ter vs P i l l sbury Vienna 1898 </p><p>GAME NINE Walbrodt v s Pil l sbury V ienna 1 898 </p><p>GAME TEN Pil l sbury vs T renchard Vienna 1 898 </p><p>GAME ELEVEN Pi l l sb u ry vs Blackburne Vienna 1 898 </p><p>GAME TWELVE Lee vs P i l lsbury Lon don 1899 </p><p>GAME THIRTEEN Stein i tz vs P i l l sbury London 1899 </p><p>GAME FOURTEEN Bird vs Pi l l sbu ry London 1899 </p><p>GAME FIFTEEN Pillsbu ry v s Steinitz London 1899 </p><p>GAME SIXTEEN Pillsbury vs Amate u r Toronto 1899 </p><p>GAME SEVENTEEN Pill sbury vs Marco Paris 1900 </p><p>70 </p><p>73 </p><p>75 </p><p>79 </p><p>82 </p><p>85 </p><p>87 </p><p>90 </p><p>93 </p><p>96 </p><p>99 </p><p>102 </p><p>104 </p></li><li><p>6 T able o f Contents </p><p>GAME EIGH TEEN 107 Pi l lsbu ry vs Barde leben Munich 1900 </p><p>GAME N I NETEEN P i l lsbury vs Marsh a l l Bu f falo 1901 </p><p>GAME TWENTY Atkins vs P i l lsbury Hanover 1902 </p><p>GAME TWENTY ONE P i llsbury v s Lev in Hanover 1902 </p><p>GAME TWENTY TWO Pil lsbury vs Swide rsk i Hanover 1902 </p><p>GAME TWEN TY THREE P i l lsbury vs Tar rasch Monte Car lo 1902 </p><p>GAME TWENTY FOUR Pil lsbury vs Gunsbe rg Monte Carlo 1902 </p><p>GAME TWENTY FI VE Von Scheve v s P i l lsbury Monte Carlo 1902 </p><p>GAME TWENTY S I X Pi l lsb u r y vs Wol f Mon te Ca rlo 1902 </p><p>GAME TWE N TY SEVEN P i l l sbury vs Mieses Monte Car lo 1903 </p><p>GAME TWENTY EIGH T P i l l sbury v s Sch lech ter Mon te Carlo 1903 </p><p>GAME TWENTY N I N E Pi l lsbu ry vs Wol f Monte C arlo 1903 </p><p>GAME THIRTY Gunsberg vs Pil l sb u r y V ienna 1903 </p><p>1 1 0 </p><p>1 13 </p><p>1 16 </p><p>1 19 </p><p>121 </p><p>124 </p><p>128 </p><p>130 </p><p>133 </p><p>135 </p><p>137 </p><p>140 </p></li><li><p>Pi l lsbury T h e Ex traordinary 7 </p><p>Part One by Andre w S o ltis </p><p>BIOGRAPHY </p></li><li><p>8 Pil lsbury T h e Ex traordinary </p><p>CHAPTER ON E </p><p>TH E YOU NG YEARS </p><p>The word "tragic" i s o ften overworked and usu ally melodramat ic when appl ied to the careers o f great men . But i n the case of Harry P i l lsbury , noth ing e lse q u i te su ff i ces. </p><p>P i l lsbury started out in chess unusua l ly late in l i fe, yet h e became one of the st rongest p layers in Amer i ca with in two years o f lea rning the moves. A series o f i ndi fferent results in his ear ly twen t ies were ab rupt ly ended when he won the f i rst internat ional tou rnament i n which he competed , H ast ings 1895. That event was, at the t ime , t he strongest tou rnament ever he ld . And a l though he won m a n y top pr i zes in the years that fol lowed, h is H ast ings t r iumph was never repeated. I t a lso led h i m, i n d i rec t ly, to the fatal disease that rav aged h i s ta lent and ultim ate ly kil led h im. P i l lsbury 's seri ous chess caree r lasted bare ly e leven years. He was only t h i r ty- th ree when he d ied , h aving spent his fina l depressing days in a Pennsy l v a n i a hosp i ta l . </p><p>P i l lsbury was an American or ig ina l , a t yp i ca l outgoing 19th cen tury Yan kee who j ust happened to be blessed w i th a talent for the game that aston ished h i s contem poraries . He was the most serious th reat to World C h ampion Em anuel Lasker , as we l l as the most enjoyable ente rta i ne r fo r average fans. P i l lsb u r y also s e t records for b l i n d fold p lay that lasted for decades -- and set st anda rds for those d i splays that may neve r be matched . His men tal p rowess, whether at mu l t ip ly ing f ive -d ig i t numbers in his head or reca l l ing long l i sts of memori zed words, w as stun n i ng. Yet i n between winn ing pr i zes at the most e legant Europe an even ts , he would earn a l i ving at a New York s ideshow p lay ing am ateu rs, w h i le concealed and contorted in the mach inery of a bogus "chessp lay ing autom aton". </p></li><li><p>C h apter One: The Young Ye ars 9 </p><p>When Har ry Ne lson P i l l sbury w as born m Somervil le , Massachusetts on December 5, 1872 , organi zed chess was bare ly two de cades old. Fewer than forty ser i ous tou rnaments h ad been he ld s ince the fi rst one a t London's Great Ex pos i t ion of 1851 . Moreover, i n Ame ri ca, chess was liv ing o f f the jolt o f pub l i c enthus iasm prov i d ed b y Pau l Morph y's imper ia l tou r of Eu rope du r ing 1858 . In the th i r ty years s ince Morph y's ret i rement , the U n i ted States h ad p roduced on ly the most m i nor of m asters and the t ime was r ipe for a new champion . </p><p>P i llsbury grew up i n a middle c l ass f ami l y in a Boston subu rb. I t w as there on T h a n k sgi v i n g D a y 1888 , a few weeks short o f h i s s i x teenth b i rthday , t ha t h e lea rned the moves. Among the great p layers o f h i story , on ly M i k h ail Tch igor in became fami l i a r w i th the game at a late r age. Although there were few t rue p rodigies i n the 19 th century , most of the future masters of the day had started p lay ing casu a l ly b y the i r twe l f th yea r. </p><p>Wh atever h a n d i cap th i s m a y have posed seemed mi nor a s Pi l lsbu ry began demonstrat ing a rem arkab ly mature grasp o f the game at a v ar ie ty o f Boston c lubs. The c i ty had a r ich chess her i tage, and at th i s t ime the best of the loca l experts cal led themse lves the "Mandar i n s of the Yellow But ton", a re ference to the e l i te members o f the Ch inese ci v i l se rv i ce , who wore ye llow p in s. P i l l sbury ' s f i rst se rious resu l t appears to be a ser ies of Evans Gambits played agains t one of the Manda rins, He n r y Nathan Stone , tha t ended 5-2 i n P i l l sbury ' s favor in 1890 . </p><p>A more formal m atch came two years la ter against John F inan Barry , another Mand ar in and p robab l y the leading Ne w Engl and p layer o f the day . (Bar ry once announ ced a m ate i n 1 3 against P i l lsbury .) The 1 7-yea r-old may have suf fered from the s ins o f i nexper i ence agai nst Barry s ince he lost his f i rst fou r games. But in a rem a rkable turnaround, P i l lsbu ry won the n e x t f i v e games and the match . </p></li><li><p>10 Pi l lsbury T h e Ex traordin ary </p><p>Also i n 1882 P i l l sbury got h i s f i rst chance to meet a world champion . Wi lhe lm Ste initz had been pub lishing his own magazine in New York for the p revious si x years, and had e xe rted a p ro found e f fect on Amer ican ches s i n gene ral -- and on Har ry P illsbury i n part i cular . S te i n i tz 's e lusive posi t ional s ty le , s t r ipped o f i ts i d iosy nc rasies , proved to be a model for the young Amer ican . As Las k e r' s b iographer, He in r ich Fraenkel, pu t i t , "Pillsbu r y p layed Morp h ygames w i th S te in i tz 's l u c id i t y: i n h i m the somber o ld man's p ro foun dness was tempered b y the cheer fu lness o f youth." Many o f the champion's open ing ideas, such as de fending the Ruy Lopez with 3 . . . g6!?, rem ained w i t h Pil l sb u r y for years . </p><p>Not surp r is ingly , a you ng man who had learned the moves bare ly t h ree yea rs be fore cou l d not e xpec t to p lay on even te rms wi th the world's No. 1 player . Bu t P i l lsbury acqu i tted h imse l f wel l wi th a handicap: He beat Ste initz in a 20-board s imul taneous exh ibition given by the cham pion and i n a se r ies of casual games, re ce i v ing odds of Pawn and Move, he scored 2- 1 . He re's the w i n from the si mu l: </p><p>STEINITZ- P ILLS B URY B oston 1892 </p><p>1 e4 e5 2 f4 B c5 3 N f3 d6 </p></li><li><p>C h apter One: T h e Y oung Years </p><p>4 B c4 N c6 </p><p>5 c3 N f6 6 d3 Qe7 </p><p>7 Qe2 Be6 8 Bb5 B d7 9 B a4?! 0 0 </p><p>10 B c2 Rad8 11 fS d5! 12 Bg5 dxe4 </p><p>1 1 </p></li><li><p>12 Pi l lsbury T h e Extraordinary </p><p>13 dxe4 NbS! 1 4 Nbdl b5! 15 Nb3 Bb6 </p><p>16 0 - 0 - 0 aS! 17 Rdl a4 18 N a 1 a3 </p><p>19 b3 QcS </p></li><li><p>C h apter One: T h e Young Ye ars </p><p>20 R d3 2 1 B e3 </p><p>22 B x b 6 23 R h d 1 24 B x d3 </p><p>25 Kc2 2 6 Kb 1 2 7 B el </p><p>Bc6 Qe7 </p><p>cxb6 Rx d3 QcS </p><p>N a6 Rd8 R x d 1 c h </p><p>13 </p></li><li><p>1 4 P i llsbury T h e Extraordinary </p><p>28 Q x d l 2 9 Qcl 3 0 Q x a3 </p><p>Q x c3 Nb4 Q x alch! </p><p>White Resigns. </p><p>Up un t i l then P i l lsbu ry was a young m a n asp i r ing to a career in l aw or business, who a l so had m ade a m i nor name for hi mse l f i n Boston chess. But in 1893 he m ade the b reak that es tab l i shed h i s ca ree r: P i l l sbury left fo r New York , wh i ch had emerged i n the p rev ious decade as the center of U.S. chess. He a lso began tou r ing o ther c i t i es , g i v ing small exhib i t ions - - often fewer than h a lf a dozen boards - - of b l i nd fold play . P i l l sbu ry on ce sa i d his v is i t to Philadelphi a's famed Fran k lin Chess Club that year w as the s tar t o f h i s chess ca reer. Later i n Montrea l one of h i s si m u l opponents was 16 -year-old Fran k Marsh a l l . Marsh al l ' s w in tha t day , h e once sa id , was the s tar t of HIS career . </p><p>Later in 1893 Pil lsb ury played in h i s fi rst ser ious tou rnament . It was he ld as par t of the Columbian World Congress and, accord ing to som e accou nts, was i n tended as a w ay of in t rod u c ing a 25-year-old German Master n amed Emanue l Lasker to America . Lasker had c rossed the Atl an t i c i n the hopes of d rawing Ste in i t z i n to a t i t le match. When he even tua l l y won the t i t le from him a yea r l a te r i n 1894, e n d i n g Ste in i tz's uno ffi c ia l reign of some twenty e ight years, the news w as rece ived b y many as a minor bombshe l l . </p><p>Bu t in th i s tou rnament , New Yo rk 1893, Laske r showed how far ahead h e w as o f the Amer icans. Las k e r' s unb lemished score , 13-0 , was an ach ievement r i v a l ed on ly b y Bobby Fischer's 1 1 -0 resu l t i n the U . S . C h ampionsh i p, also in New York , se ven ty years la ter. As for P i l l sbu ry , he f in i shed in the m i d d le o f the f ie ld . Aga i nst h im Lasker p layed one o f h i s favorite weapons, the Exch ange Vari at ion o f the Lopez, and exploi ted a la te m i d d legame </p></li><li><p>C h apter One: T h e Young Years 15 </p><p>blunde r to w in in 55 moves. Pillsbury then took part in a ser ies o f m inor New York tou rnaments in 1894 and showed some improvement -- an even score in one won b y Stein i tz, a clear fi rst place ahead o f the best Americans in another . (And according to one account, he also beat Barry in another match , by 6 -5 .) </p></li><li><p>1 6 Pi l lsbury T h e Ex traordinary </p><p>CHAPTER TWO </p><p>H ERO OF HASTINGS </p><p>The stage w as now se t for Pil lsbury ' s b reak th rough and it came at Hastings, England in August and Septembe r o f 1895. The tou rnament was o rganized to at t ract the best p layer from each of the wor ld ' s leading n ations - - Mikh ail Tchigorin of R ussia, Car l Sch lechter of Aus t ria, Joseph Blackburne o f Englan d , Siegbe rt Tar rasch of G e r m a n y - even I t a l y ' s obscure Benj amin Vergani. Pil l sb ury w as invited as the American representative , even though h e was not the o f ficial n ationa l champion. And, aside f rom a 2 1/2-1/2 score in e x hib i tion games against the visiting Berline r Car l Walbrodt in Ne w York two yea rs be fore , Pil l sbury had no accom plishments to spea k of against established p laye rs. </p><p>What the Eu ropeans foun d i n Pil lsbury w as a l an k y six- footer with innocent d a r k eyes, given to long b lack ciga rs and sti f f-col lared shirts and whose rea l passion in li fe seemed to be p laying w hist. Un like many contempora ries he was c lean-sh aven - - and unlike so m a n y U.S . Champions past and p resen t (Reshevsk y , Morp h y , Fischer) , he was e x cept ion a l ly f riend ly and approachable , i f a bit n aive . Laske r la te r described him as being '"gi f ted with pleasant and loveable t raits" - - quite a change f rom so m a n y top p layers o f the day who were bare ly on speaking terms with one another . </p><p>But most of a l l t h e re was Pil lsbury ' s chess. He DID seem to p lay a bit di f fe ren t ly from his European riv a ls , pa rticu lar ly i n the mid d legame where he disp layed a deceptive ly s im ple but ambi tious style . A genera tion la ter, Rich ard Reti said he rep resented "Amer icanism" in chess -in fusing Old Wor ld positiona l theory with e nergy and p ragm atism. </p></li><li><p>C h apter Two: H ero O f H astings 17 </p><p>Pi llsbury chose s imple open ing schemes d irected not so m u ch towards a qu i ck knockout as towards se t t ing up a sol i d m i d dlegame pos i t ion . Wi th the Whi t e p i eces, this meant the R u y Lopez and Queen's Gambi t, and as Black, the Petro f f D e fense and Orthodox Queen's Gambi t Dec l ined . In Lasker' s words, i t was Pi l lsbury w h o demo...</p></li></ul>