physical violence against women

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Physical violence against women: Domestic violence, honor killings, and dowry death

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  • 1. Presented by: Caitlin, Cassie, Toni, and Angel
  • 2. Domestic Violence Caitlin & Cassie
  • 3. Domestic Violence Bodily harm, usually accompanied by verbal threats and harassment, emotional abuse, or destruction of property as means of coercion, control, revenge, or punishment on a person with whom the abuser is in an intimate relationship (Burn, 2011, p.26) Also known as intimate partner violence (IPV)
  • 4. Statistics Women are more likely to be victims of domestic violence than men1 35% of women across the globe have experienced domestic violence1 Violence can be physical, mental, and sexual1 15% of women in Japan have reported physical and/or sexual violence while 71% of Ethiopian women have reported the same1 1/3 of women in Egypt have experienced physical abuse from their spouse2 42% of women who have experienced violence have reported a resulting injury1 38% of womens murders across the globe have been committed by the intimate partner1 Domestic violence can lead to many long-term health problems, such as constant pain, limited mobility, poor overall health, among many others depending on the case1 1. (Violence Against Women, 2013) 2. (Monazea et al., 2010)
  • 5. Why is there an increased risk for violence against women? Women are more likely to be economically dependent on men This results from gender inequality in the work place ex. Longer hours with lower wage, fewer benefits, and job is not as secure Lack of laws against IPV Women have less political power In some cultures women have a very low status especially if widowed, divorced, or unmarried; social status depends on her husband Women learn to tolerate intimate partner violence because of few alternatives (Burn, 2011)
  • 6. Misconceptions and Stereotypes The women involved are weak Why dont they just leave the situation? Excusable when the man was angry/under the influence Okay in some cultures Men were provoked Its okay if it stays behind closed doors
  • 7. The Truth About Domestic Violence Many women begin blaming themselves for the violence they receive According to Rhonda Copeland in Understanding Domestic Violence as Torture, domestic violence often produces anxiety, depression, and sleeplessness (pp. 125). Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among other mental problems can also be the result of domestic violence (Copeland, 1994)
  • 8. IPV comparable to torture Torture is used as a power tool; women are sometimes controlled, isolated, and not allowed to leave IPV can be comparable to torture of prisoners of war; some women are hit, kicked, have their head pounded against objects, have pain inflicted by burning or cutting, or be forced to do sexual acts while being beaten (Copeland, 1994)
  • 9. Why Dont Women Leave? In many cases, the men control the finances and money, and this makes it near impossible for women to take money in order to survive when they leave, hindering their ability to Many women fear for their lives as well as their familys if they were to leave Threats of increased violence, murder, or suicide scare women into staying Some cases, women are not allowed to leave the house Dont want to tear their family apart Cultural reasons (men overpower women, divorce is unacceptable, men are allowed to) Some women believe that the behavior will change
  • 10. Cultural Differences Women have a low status, cannot own or inherit property Women are trained to believe that their value is attached to the men in their lives fathers, husbands, and sons (Burn, 2011, p. 28) Some cultures believe that beating a wife is justifiable if the woman has disobeyed her husband Image from: (Manushi, 1983) (Burn, 2011)
  • 11. Cultural Views on Divorce In order for Iranian women to divorce there must one of the following: a signed premarital contract which allows them to; her husband is unable to provide for the family, is a drug addict, or insane. Muslim women can initiate divorce if physical abuse can be proven by two male witnesses or one male and two female witnesses Muslim men only have to say I divorce you three times with no reason (Burn, 2011)
  • 12. Laws Against Domestic Violence There are many countries where laws nor police will protect woman against domestic violence It is often viewed as a family matter and ignored Progress is being made in the past ten years; 109 of 192 countries now have laws regarding domestic violence First law against domestic violence in Japan was enacted in 2001, 2006 for Zimbabwe , and 2007 in Mexico Romanian law is ineffective because restraining orders were not provided, police could not enter homes, and there were no resources for the women (Burn, 2011)
  • 13. How to Leave a Violent Situation There are organizations to help survivors of domestic violence immediately National Domestic Violence Hotline Shelters Rape and Abuse Crisis Center (in Fargo) Authorities If there are signs of domestic violence, it is so important to try and help the victim and speak up There are also organizations to help women with injuries Program to reconstruct faces as well as plastic surgery to victims called Face to Face Give Back a Smile: Damaged front teeth from domestic violence are repaired for free
  • 14. Through violence men seek both to deny and destroy the power of women. Through violence men seek and confirm the devaluation and dehumanization of women --Rhonda Copelon as cited by Burn (2011, p. 25)
  • 15. References Burn, S. M. (2011). Women across cultures: a global perspective (3rd ed). McGraw-Hill: New York, NY. Copeland, R. (1994). Intimate terror: Understanding domestic violence as torture. In R. Cook (Ed.), Human rights of women: National and international perspectives (p. 116-152). Philadelphia, PA: Pennsylvania Press Manushi. (1983). Indian women speak out against dowry. In M. Davies (Ed.), Third world-Second sex: Womens struggles and national liberation (pp. 201-213). Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Zed Books. Monazea, Eman, and Ekram Abdel Khalek. "Domestic Violence High in Egypt, Affecting Women's Reproductive Health. Popular Reference Bureau. 1 May 2010. Web. 8 Oct. 2014. . Violence Against Women. World Health Organization. WHO, 1 Oct. 2013. Web. 7 Oct. 2014. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs239/en/.
  • 16. Honor Killing Toni
  • 17. What is Honor Killing Honor killing is different than the plain and psychopathic homicides, serial killings, crimes of passion, revenge killings, and domestic violence. Their motivation is different and based on codes of morality and behavior that typify some cultures, often reinforced by fundamentalist religious dictates. Performed on women who typically dishonor their family or cultural morals.
  • 18. Honor Killings Today Studys indicate that honor killings accelerated significantly in a 20-year period between 1989 and 2009. The worldwide average age of victims for the entire population is 23. Just over half of the victims were daughters and sisters, about a quarter were wives and girlfriends or the perpetrators. The remainder included mothers, aunts, nieces, cousins, or non-relatives.
  • 19. Honor Killings Today Cont. Honor killings are a family collaboration, two-thirds of victims were killed by their families of origin. Worldwide, more than half of the vic