Phylum: Echinodermata Echinos = Spiny Derma = Skin Ata= to bear “bears spiny skin” Zoology Chapter 16

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  • Slide 1
  • Phylum: Echinodermata Echinos = Spiny Derma = Skin Ata= to bear bears spiny skin Zoology Chapter 16
  • Slide 2
  • Phylum Echinodermata 5 Classes Class Crinoidea Sea lilies Feather stars Class Asteroidea Sea Stars Class Ophiuroidea Brittle Stars Class Echinoidea Sea Urchins (venomous) Sand Dollars Class Holothuroidea Sea cucumbers
  • Slide 3
  • Characteristics Calcareous endoskeleton Ossicles- small bones Adults with pentaradial symmetry (5 points) Larvae with bilateral symmetry Water-vascular system
  • Slide 4
  • Composed of water-filled canals Used in Attachment Feeding Locomotion Respiration Circulation of nutrients and wastes Extends to each arm and tube feet Tube feet act as suction cups Contract & expand
  • Slide 5
  • Digestion Complete digestive tract Eat clams Tube feet open shell Stomach forced through mouth Stomach into opening between clams shells Digestive enzymes break down tissue Sea Star sucks out predigested food Eat algae
  • Slide 6
  • Nervous System Nerve Net Nerve Ring Radial Nerves Eyespots Sea stars on each arm
  • Slide 7
  • Regeneration & Reproduction Reproduction Mostly dioecious; but no sexes Sexual & Asexual 2 Gonads are present in each arms Regeneration Broken arms New body from broken arm Pearl Diver Story A form of Asexual Reproduction
  • Slide 8

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